- Männerlist grösser als Frauenlist
Männerlist grösser als Frauenlist oder Die glückliche Bärenfamilie ("Men Are More Cunning Than Women, or The Happy Bear Family") is an unfinished Singspiel by Richard Wagner, (WWV 48), written between 1837 and 1838.
Männerlist was Wagner's last operatic project before he embarked on Rienzi. Although the book of the opera (which Wagner as usual wrote himself) has long been available, the full text (including dialogue) and three completed musical numbers (in piano score), were discovered in a private collection in 1994 and later acquired by the archives of the Richard-Wagner-Stiftung in Bayreuth. Wagner refers to this project in his "Red Pocketbook" and his autobiographical works A communication to my friends (1851) and My life 1870-1880). In the latter he describes the work as "in a light neo-French style," which he began to write in Königsberg, but that later when he took it up in Riga for completion, "I was overtaken by utter disgust at this kind of writing."
From the complete text and the surviving music, it is clear that the piece was conceived as a Singspiel. The story is drawn from the Arabian Nights, but relocated in 19th-century Germany. The jeweller Julius Wander, pretending to be an aristocrat, is tricked into promising to marry the ugly Aurora, daughter of the class-conscious Baron von Abendthau, by her cousin Leontine. He escapes when he recognises a passing bear-keeper, Gregor, as his father - and indeed that Gregor's dancing "bear" is in fact his own brother Richard in a bear-skin. Announcing his parentage, Wander is renounced by the snobbish Abendthau, and is free to marry Leontine.
- ^ MusicWeb's Concert and Opera Reviews: Wagner Rarities Linbury Studio Theatre, London 13.10.2007
- Millington, Barry, Happy Families: A Wagner Singspiel Rediscovered, in The Wagner Journal, vol. 1 No. 3, London, 2007.
- Wagner, Richard (Trans. Andrew Gray), My Life, New York, 1992
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