Glottis


Glottis

Infobox Anatomy
Name = PAGENAME
Latin =
GraySubject =
GrayPage =



Caption = Arytenoid cartilage



Caption2 = Glottis positions
Precursor =
System =
Artery =
Vein =
Nerve =
Lymph =
MeshName = Glottis
MeshNumber = A04.329.364
DorlandsPre = g_08
DorlandsSuf = 12395255
The glottis is defined as the combination of the vocal folds and the space in between the folds (the rima glottidis). [eMedicineDictionary|Glottis]

Function

As the vocal cords vibrate, the resulting vibration produces a "buzzing" quality to the speech, called voice or voicing.

Sound production involving only the glottis is called "glottal". English has a voiceless glottal fricative spelled "h". In many accents of English the glottal stop (made by pressing the folds together) is used as a variant allophone of the phoneme IPA|/t/ (and in some dialects, occasionally of IPA|/k/ and IPA|/p/); in some languages, this sound is a phoneme of its own.

Skilled players of the Australian didgeridoo restrict their glottal opening in order to produce the full range of timbres available on the instrument. [See "Acoustics: The vocal tract and the sound of a didgeridoo", by Tarnopolsky et al. in Nature 436, 39 (7 July 2005))]

The vibration produced is an essential component of "voiced" consonants as well as vowels. If the vocal folds are drawn apart, air flows between them causing no vibration, as in the production of voiceless consonants.

The glottis is also important in the valsalva maneuver.

*Voiced consonants include IPA|/w/, /v/, /z/, //, //, //, /b/, /d/, and /g/.
*Voiceless consonants include IPA|/h/, //, /f/, /s/, //, //, //, /p/, /t/, and /k/.


=Additional

ee also

*Phonation

References

References of Glottis Simulator

de Menezes Lyra R. Glottis simulator. Anesth Analg. 1999 Jun;88(6):1422-3. [http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/cgi/reprint/88/6/1424.pdf]

Smith, N Ty. Simulation in anesthesia: the merits of large simulators versus small simulators. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology. 13(6):659-665, December 2000.

Glottis is the name of a character from the hit LucasArts game - Grim Fandango


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • glottis — 1570s, from Gk. glottis mouth of the windpipe, from glotta, Attic dialect variant of glossa tongue (see GLOSS (Cf. gloss) (n.2)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • glottis — [glät′is] n. pl. glottises or glottides [glät′i dēz΄] [ModL < Gr glōttis < glōtta, Attic var. of glōssa: see GLOSS2] the opening between the vocal cords in the larynx …   English World dictionary

  • Glottis — Glot tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, from ?, ?, the tongue. See {Gloss} an explanatory remark.] (Anat.) The opening from the pharynx into the larynx or into the trachea. See {Larynx}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Glottis — (gr.), 1) Mundstück zu einem Blasinstrumente; 2) (Anat.), s. Stimmritze. Daher Glottisödem, Stimmritzödem, wassersüchtige Anschwellung der Stimmritzenbäuder mit Erstickungszufällen, s. Kehlkopfskrankheiten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Glottis — (griech.), die Stimmritze, s. Kehlkopf …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Glottis — (grch.), Stimmritze (s. Kehlkopf); Glottiskrampf, Stimmritzenkrampf; Glottisödēm, Stimmritzengeschwulst, wassersüchtige oder entzündliche Anschwellung der Kehlkopfschleimhaut, führt zu Atemnot und selbst Erstickungsgefahr; Behandlung:… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Glottis — Glottis, griech., die Stimmritze; Epi G., der Kehlkopfdeckel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • GLOTTIS — avis, Plin. l. 10. c. 23. Praelongam exserit linguam, unde ei nomen. Hanc initio blanditâ peregrinatione (coturnices enim abeuntes prosequitur) avide profectam, paenitentia in volatu cum labore scilicet subit. Reverti incomitatam piget et sequi:… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • glottis — ► NOUN ▪ the part of the larynx consisting of the vocal cords and the slit like opening between them. ORIGIN Greek, from gl tta, variant of gl ssa tongue …   English terms dictionary

  • Glottis — Darstellung der Glottis im anatomischen Bezug. Der Begriff Glottis bezeichnet die Stimmritze.[1] Sie wird gebildet aus den Stimmlippen und den Stellknorpeln. Die medizinische Bezeichnung für die Stimmritze ist Rima glottidis. Inhaltsverzeic …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.