Mote Park


Mote Park
Mote Park lake with Mote House in the distance

Mote Park is a 180 hectare multi-use public park in Maidstone, Kent. Previously a country estate it was converted to landscaped park land at the end of the 18th century before becoming a municipal park. It includes the former stately home Mote House together with a miniature railway, pitch and putt golf course and a boating lake. The park has also been used as a cricket ground for the Kent County Cricket Club. Mote House is set in 450 acres (1.8 km2) of garden landscape and consists of 85 houses and apartments.[1]

Contents

History

The park's name is derived from 'moot' or 'mote' in Old English meaning "a place of assembly".[2][3] Its proximity to nearby Penenden Heath (the site of shire moots during the Middle Ages) indicates that it may once have formed part of an administrative region in central Kent.

In the 13th century, the "mote" lands were incorporated into the manor of local landowners and a manor house in the area of the present-day park is described as being castellated (or fortified) with emparked grounds. This is believed to indicate the area was used as a one of the earliest deer parks in Kent.[4][5][6]

The park is incorporated into royal history as a possession of King Edward IV's consort, Elizabeth Woodville (daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers) and was later raided by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick angered by the King's marriage. The Woodville family continued to lay claim to the land despite various interventions during the reign of Richard III and Henry VII. On 17 July 1531, Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn visited it, before their marriage.[7] Passing to Thomas Wyatt the younger, the estate again returned to the Crown under Queen Elizabeth I before finally passing, in 1690 to the Marsham family, who would later become the Lords Romney.[5]

Under the ownership of the Marsham family, the estate was considerably improved.[6] The grounds were laid out in the so-called Anglo-Dutch style illustrated in an engraving by Johannes Kip in 1750.

Volunteers Pavilion Doric Temple

In 1799, King George III and Prime Minister William Pitt visited the property to inspect around 3,000 assembled troops of the Kent Volunteers, a local militia trained to defend the county from a possible invasion by Napoleon I of France. A Doric-style temple was constructed to commemorate the occasion.[3][8][9][10]

Between 1793 and 1800 the original Mote House was demolished and a new mansion constructed, designed by Daniel Asher Alexander.[11] At the same time the River Len was dammed to form a lake. The addition of internal roadways, walls, a boathouse and a bridge (the 'Great Bridge') over the lake stretched the financial resources of Charles Marsham, 3rd Baron Romney.[3] Eventually the family gathered enough funds to expand the property and the park reached the size it is today, approximately 180 hectares. The Great Bridge was demolished and the lake itself expanded to around 30 acres (120,000 m2).

At the peak of its opulence in 1888 an article in the Gardener's Chronicle described extensive gardens, exotic plants and a walled kitchen garden including orangeries, vineries and peach houses, staffed by 25 gardeners.

In 1895 the estate was sold to Marcus Samuel, 1st Viscount Bearsted. The estate had included the Mote Cricket Club since 1857 however the Viscount Bearsted expanded the facility and built a pavilion between 1908 and 1910 (see below).

In 1929 Walter Samuel (the 2nd Viscount Bearsted) sold the majority of the estate to Maidstone Borough Council (then the Maidstone Corporation) for £50,000[12] and converted the house to an orphanage.[11] The family still retains an interest in the park today.

Mote House in 2005

Between 1932 and 1941, Mote House (known then as "The Mote") was home to the Caldecott Community (now the Caldecott Foundation), a nursery organisation that had relocated to Maidstone from its original home in London following the First World War.

In 1941, war again forced the Community to move on (to Hyde House in Dorset) as Mote House was commandeered by the British Armed Forces (who continued to use the kitchen garden) as a headquarters and training facility during the Second World War. It was subsequently used as offices for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food before becoming a care home for the disabled. After lying empty for a number of years it is in the process of being redeveloped (along with its outbuildings) as retirement apartments and cottages.[11]

The park itself was remodelled following its purchase in the 1930s and now contains a number of recreation facilities (see below). It was also used as a venue for the annual Kent County Show between 1946 and 1963. Being central to the town, much of the population was able to walk to and from the Show which was and is held during the middle of July each year[13]

The park is registered at Grade II on the English Heritage Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. Mote House itself is a Grade II* listed building incorporating historic outbuildings including the Grade II listed stables.[14][15]

The park also hosted Radio 1's Big Weekend (a music festival) on 10–11 May 2008.[16]

In 2011, it was announced that the parkland would undergo a major conservation and improvement project. Lost historic views are to be recreated as part of a £2.5m scheme. In February 2011, scrubland was due to be cleared and 140 new parkland trees planted including alder, birch, hornbeam, sweet chestnut, beech, oak, redwood and lime. Historic views like that between the Volunteers Pavilion and Mote will be reinstated by the removing poorer quality trees. Kent Wildlife Trust is collaborating on the project to ensure the ecology of the park is protected.[17][18]

Cricket ground

Mote Park Cricket Ground is owned by The Mote Cricket Club and is also used by Maidstone RFC.[19][20] Up until 2005, it was also occasionally used by Kent County Cricket Club as one of their outgrounds. After 140 consecutive years of play, Mote Park was taken off the list of county grounds used by Kent when an over-watered 'green' wicket in a County Championship match against Gloucestershire led to a low scoring game that ended in under 2 days, incurring a subsequent 8 point point deduction for Kent.[21] The facilities had only months before been approved for redevelopment as part of a larger scheme to increase the profile of cricket in the county town.[22]

Since that time, The Mote Cricket Club have relaid a number of wickets at a cost of £14,000 with the help of grants and technical assistance from the county cricket club and Maidstone Borough Council, and it is hoped this will allow the return of county cricket in the near future.[23]

During its tenure as a county venue the ground saw a number of notable performances including Kent County Cricket Club's highest partnership for any wicket in first-class cricket during the 1995 season with Aravinda de Silva and Graham Cowdrey scoring 368[24] and in 1995 Mark Ealham making the fastest century in the history of the 40-over game. In 44 balls, Ealham scored a hundred, with 9 sixes and 9 fours.[24]

Facilities

  • Adventure Playzone
  • Maidstone Leisure centre (the leisure centre within the park was selected as a possible beach volleyball training venue for visiting Olympic teams ahead of the 2012 Olympic Games)[25]
  • Pitch and putt Golf Course
  • Miniature railway
  • Cafeteria
  • Angling club
  • Sailing club
  • Sports fields
  • Cycling routes
  • Skate Park
  • Public Toilets (three sets, by the main gate, between the cafeteria and the golf, and also on the opposite side of the lake by the sailing club)

References

  1. ^ Mote House
  2. ^ Entry for 'Moot' at Dictionary.com
  3. ^ a b c Entry for Maidstone (referencing Mote Park) in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72) by John Marius Wilson
  4. ^ History of Mote Park at Maidstone Borough Council
  5. ^ a b England's Topographer: Or A New and Complete History of the County of Kent by William Henry Ireland pages 634 to 638 (Published 1829)
  6. ^ a b Park The town and parish of Maidstone: Town and manors, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 4 by Edward Hasted (1798), pages 260-307
  7. ^ p.440, David Starkey, Six Wives:The Queens of Henry VIII
  8. ^ The Beauties of England and Wales, Or, Delineations, Topographical by John Britton and others (Published 1808) at Google Books
  9. ^ A detailed description of the review from Public Characters of 1805 by Alexander Stephens (1805) at Google Books
  10. ^ per Ireland (supra), pages 692-695
  11. ^ a b c Mote House, This is your life Press Release dated 9 January 2007 on behalf of Raven Audley Court plc
  12. ^ Kent in the Twentieth Century by Nigel Yates (2001) page 360, at Google Books
  13. ^ Kent Showground History
  14. ^ Mote House Development Brief: Record Of Decision Of The Cabinet Member For Transport And Planning Policy Maidstone Borough Council decision dated 7 November 2001
  15. ^ English Heritage: Buildings at Risk Register 2007
  16. ^ BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend
  17. ^ "Recreating historic views at Mote Park in Maidstone". BBC News. 24 January 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/kent/hi/people_and_places/nature/newsid_9371000/9371942.stm. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  18. ^ "Mote Park Improvement Project". Maidstone Borough Council. http://motepark.maidstone.gov.uk/. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "The Mote CC - About Us". The Mote Cricket Club. http://themote.play-cricket.com/home/aboutUs.asp. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  20. ^ "Maidstone Rugby Club". Maidstone Rugby Club. http://www.maidstonerugby.org.uk/welcome.html. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  21. ^ Kent end 140-year Maidstone deal from BBC Sport 30 September 2005
  22. ^ Major changes for cricket ground from BBC Sport 2 June 2005
  23. ^ "Redevelopment may lead to Kent's Mote return". Kent Messenger. 2008-06-26. http://www.kentonline.co.uk/kentonline/newsarchive.aspx?articleid=43888. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  24. ^ a b "A brief history of the Mote". ESPN Cricinfo. http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/story/60184.html. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  25. ^ Olympic training venues - South East from BBC Sport, 3 March 2008

External links

51°15′52.3″N 0°32′46.7″E / 51.264528°N 0.546306°E / 51.264528; 0.546306Coordinates: 51°15′52.3″N 0°32′46.7″E / 51.264528°N 0.546306°E / 51.264528; 0.546306


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