Kanrei


Kanrei

was a high political post in feudal Japan; it is usually translated as Shogun's Deputy. After 1337, there were actually two "Kanrei", the Kyoto "Kanrei" and the "Kantō Kanrei".

Originally, from 1219 until 1333, the post was synonymous with the "Rokuhara Tandai", and was based in Kyoto. The Hōjō clan monopolized this post, and there were during this period two Deputies - a southern chief, and a northern chief. From 1336 to 1367, the Deputy was called nihongo|"Shitsuji"|執事 The first to hold this title was Kō no Moronao.

In 1367, Hosokawa Yoriyuki was chosen by a council to become Deputy (Kyoto "Kanrei"). In order to ensure the loyalty of his colleagues, the Hatakeyama and Shiba clans, he proposed that three families share the position of "Kanrei", alternating between them every time a new appointment was needed. Thus was born the "San-Kan" or Three "Kanrei". However, in 1379, Yoriyuki's actions attracted the resentment of certain powerful lords, who pressed for his dismissal. After that, the Kyoto "Kanrei" no longer held the responsibilities of Shogun's Deputy, and merely carried out his orders in an advisory and executive position.

Following the fall of the Kamakura shogunate, and abolition of the "Rokuhara Tandai" position, Ashikaga Takauji created the post of "Kantō Kanrei", or Shogun's Deputy in the East ("Kantō" generally refers to the area around and including modern Tokyo).

The first "Kantō Kanrei" was Ashikaga Yoshiakira, who took the post in 1337. Members of the Ashikaga clan held the post until 1439, when "Kanrei" Uesugi Norizane seized power in the wake of a rebellion by Ashikaga Mochiuji. The "Kanrei" had, up until this point, been a subordinate to the "Kantō-kubō"; Ashikaga Mochiuji would be the last "kubō" to hold any real power. Members of the Uesugi family dominated the post until 1552, when it was abolished.

The political organization of the Ashikaga shogunate was complex, and shifted from time to time. The responsibilities and official title of the "Kanrei" or Deputy changed a number of times, as other positions were created or abolished. In addition, they worked alongside a number of other posts, such as the "Kyūshū Tandai", who represented the Shogun's interests and orders in the southernmost of the main islands.

"Kanrei"

* "Shitsuji"
**1336-1349 Kō no Moronao (?-1351)
**1349 Kō no Moroyo (?-1351)
**1349-1351 Kō no Moronao (?-1351)
**1351-1358 Niki Yoriaki (1299-1359)
**1358-1361 Hosokawa Kiyouji (?-1362)
* "Kanrei"
**1362-1366 Shiba Yoshimasa (1350-1410)
**1368-1379 Hosokawa Yoriyuki (1329-1392)
**1379-1391 Shiba Yoshimasa (1350-1410)
**1391-1393 Hosokawa Yorimoto (1343-1397)
**1393-1398 Shiba Yoshimasa (1350-1410)
**1398-1405 Hatakeyama Motokuni (1352-1406)
**1405-1409 Shiba Yoshinori (1371-1418)
**1409-1410 Shiba Yoshiatsu (1397-1434)
**1410-1412 Hatakeyama Mitsuie (1372-1433)
**1412-1421 Hosokawa Mitsumoto (1378-1426)
**1421-1429 Hatakeyama Mitsuie (1372-1433)
**1429-1432 Shiba Yoshiatsu (1397-1434)
**1432-1442 Hosokawa Mochiyuki (1400-1442)
**1442-1445 Hatakeyama Mochikuni (1398-1455)
**1445-1449 Hosokawa Katsumoto (1430-1473)
**1449-1452 Hatakeyama Mochikuni (1398-1455)
**1452-1464 Hosokawa Katsumoto (1430-1473)
**1464-1467 Hatakeyama Masanaga (1442-1493)
**1467-1468 Shiba Yoshikado (?-?)
**1468-1473 Hosokawa Katsumoto (1430-1473)
**1473 Hatakeyama Masanaga (1442-1493)
**1478-1486 Hatakeyama Masanaga (1442-1493)
**1486 Hosokawa Masamoto (1466-1507)
**1486-1487 Hatakeyama Masanaga (1442-1493)
**1487-? Hosokawa Masamoto (1466-1507)
**1490 Hosokawa Masamoto (1466-1507)
**1495-1507 Hosokawa Masamoto (1466-1507)
**1508-1525 Hosokawa Takakuni (1484-1531)
**1525 Hosokawa Tanekuni
**1527 Hatakeyama Yoshitaka (?-1532)
**1536 Hosokawa Harumoto (1514-1563)
**1546 Rokkaku Sadayori (1495-1552)
**1552-1564 Hosokawa Ujitsuna (?-1564)

References

*Sansom, George (1961). "A History of Japan: 1334-1615." Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.


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