Gravlax


Gravlax

Gravlax or gravad lax (Swedish, Danish), gravlaks (Norwegian), graavilohi (Finnish), graflax (Icelandic) is a Scandinavian dish consisting of raw salmon cured in salt, sugar, and dill. Gravlax is usually served as an appetizer, sliced thinly and accompanied by "hovmästarsås" (also known as "gravlaxsås"), a dill and mustard sauce, either on bread of some kind, or with boiled potatoes.

During the Middle Ages, gravlax was made by fishermen, who salted the salmon and lightly fermented it by burying it in the sand above the high-tide line. The word "gravlax" comes from the Scandinavian word "grav", which means literally "grave" or "hole in the ground" (in Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and Estonian), and "lax" (or "laks"), which means "salmon", thus gravlax is "salmon dug into the ground".

Today fermentation is no longer used in the production process. Instead the salmon is "buried" in a dry marinade of salt, sugar, and dill, and cured for a few days. As the salmon cures, by the action of osmosis, the moisture turns the dry cure into a highly concentrated brine, which can be used in Scandinavian cooking as part of a sauce Harv|Ruhlman|2005|pp=51-52. This same method of curing can be used for any fatty fish, but salmon is the most common. Modern variations on the marinade can include fennel and Pernod, black pepper and coriander seed, or horseradish Harv|Ruhlman|2005|p=51.

Commercially prepared gravlax is sometimes smoked, and as such is incorrectly termed "gravlax". Salmon is often served in Scandinavia also raw and uncured, not unlike sashimi, but calling it "gravlax" is also incorrect.

ee also

* Lox (salmon)
* Surströmming
* Rakfisk
* Hákarl
* Sashimi

References

* Citation
last1=Ruhlman
first1=M.
author1-link=Michael Ruhlman
last2=Polcyn
first2=B.
title=Charcuterie
publisher=W.W. Norton & Company
place=New York, NY
edition=1st
year=2005
.

External links

* [http://www.aopy00.dsl.pipex.com/recipes/gravlax.shtml Recipe for gravlax and gravlaxsås]
* [http://www.cookingforengineers.com/recipe.php?id=132&title=Gravlax Cooking For Engineers: Gravlax] - recipe with step-by-step pictures


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gravlax — sobre pan crujiente, decorado con pimienta negra y limón. Gravlax (sueco), conocido como Graved laks (danés), Gravlaks (noruego), Graavilohi (finlandés), y Graflax (islandés) es un aperitivo escandinavo que consiste en finas rodajas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gravlax — Le Gravlax (nom d origine suédoise), aussi connu sous le nom de Gravlaks (norvégien), Graved laks (danois), Graavilohi (finlandais) ou Graflax (islandais) est une spécialité culinaire d origine scandinave, à base de saumon cru en filet. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gravlax — ● gravlax nom masculin (mot suédois) Saumon cru mariné avec de l aneth, du sel et du poivre. (Spécialité scandinave.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gravlax — [gräv′läks΄] n. [Scand, prob. Swed < gravad, cured with spices + lax, salmon] sliced salmon rubbed with salt, sugar, pepper, and dill, marinated, and served with a mustard sauce …   English World dictionary

  • gravlax — or gravlaks noun Etymology: Swedish gravlax or Norwegian gravlaks, from grav pit, hole, grave + Swedish lax, Norwegian laks salmon Date: 1848 salmon usually cured with salt, pepper, dill, and aquavit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gravlax — Graved Lachs auf Knäckebrot mit Pfeffer und Zitrone Graved Lachs (dänisch graved laks, schwedisch gravad lax, finnisch graavilohi) oder Gravlax heißt wörtlich übersetzt „Eingegrabener Lachs“. Diese natürliche Methode, den frisch gefangenen Lachs… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gravlax — /grahv lahks/, n. Scandinavian Cookery. boned salmon, cured by marinating in sugar, salt, pepper, and other spices, esp. dill. [1960 65; < Sw gravlax, Norw gravlaks, equiv. to grav (cf. Sw grava, Norw grave to dig, bury) + lax, laks salmon; see… …   Universalium

  • gravlax — ˈgrävˌläks noun or gravlaks Etymology: Swedish gravlax or Norwegian gravlaks, from grav pit, hole, grave (from Old Norse gröf) + Swedish lax, Norwegian laks salmon, from Old Norse …   Useful english dictionary

  • gravlax — fillets of salmon cured with salt, pepper, sugar and spices such as fresh dill, pressed with weights in a chilled environment, and served sliced thin. Also called gravlox, gravlaks and gravadlax …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • gravlax — noun Salmon d in salt, seasoned with dill and sugar and served usually thinly sliced as an appetizer …   Wiktionary


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