- Galician wine
Galician wine is
Spanish winemade in the autonomous community of Galicia in the northwest corner of Spain. It includes wine made in the provinces of A Coruña, Ourense, Pontevedra and Lugo. Within Galicia are five " Denominación de Origen" (DO)-Monterrei, Rías Baixas, Ribeira Sacra, Ribeiro and Valdeorras. In recent years, the region has seen a resurgence in its wine industry lead by the international acclaim being received by the Rías Baixas region for its Albariñowines. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 295-296 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
Climate and geography
Located along the
Atlantic coast, Galicia has a very wet climate with average rainfall of more than 50 inches(1,300 mm) a year. The more than 2000 hours of sunshine that the region receives help contributes to the high humidityof the area. The Serra dos Ancaresmountain range forms the border with Castile and Leónto the east and the Minho Riverforms part of the regions border with Portugalto the south. The regions close proximately to Portugal and virtual isolation from the rest of Spain has had a marked influence on the style of wines from Galicia with many of them being closer in style to Portuguese wines then to other Spanish wines.
In the 14th century, Galicia was exporting plant cuttings to other
European vineyards. In the 19th century, the entire region suffered from a depressed economyand many vineyards went shut due to depopulation as workers move away to find work. Galician harvest workers were a large part of the labor that developed the terrace vineyards in the Douro port wineregion. When Spain joined the European Unionin 1986, funding assistance began reaching Galicia to help stipulate a resurgence in the wine industry.
Viticulture and wines
The region of Galicia has shown itself to be quite successful in harvesting grapes with and regularly produces some of the highest yields in Europe averaging 5.7
tons per acre(100 hlha). The majority of the area's vineyards are found to the south of the region in the provinces of Ourense and Pontevedra, though there are some significant plantings in Lugo to the east. The regions closer to the Minho river often produce blended wines of Albariño, Loureiraand Caiño Blanca. More inland the white wines are often blends of Torrontésand Treixadura. There are also white wines dominated by the Godellogrape. The light red wines are the region are primarily made from the Menciagrape.
MonterreiThe Monterrei DO is found at the southern end of Galicia on the border with Portugal. The wine industry here is currently dominated by bulk wine production. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 451 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
Ribeira SacraThe Ribeira Sacra was granted DO status in 1996 and is the only Galician wine region to be dominated in red wine production. The majority of the wine produced here is made from the Mencia grape with the limited white wine production coming from the Godello and Albariño grape. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 723 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
ValdeorrasThe Valdeorras DO is the easternmost wine region of Galicia that is dominated by the red
Garnacha Tintoreraand the white Palomino grape. Prior to the phylloxeraepidemic of the 19th century, the indigenous Godello vine was heavily planted and is only just recently starting to make a comeback in the region. The Mencia grape is also starting to gain ground due to the fruity and easy drinking red wines that it produces. J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 575 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0198609906 ]
The Rias Baixas is the most well known region of Galicia and produces some of Spain's most sought after dry white wines based on the Albariño grape. While wines have been produced in this region for some time, exports of the wine to other areas of Europe didn't begin till 16th century and was kept at a steady pace till the phylloxera epidemic devastated the region's vineyards. At the turn of the 20th century many of the region's vineyards were replanted with low quality hybrid vines and some plantings of the
Sherrygrape Palomino that didn't produce as well in the cooler climate of Rías Baixas. In the 1970s growers began to replant native varieties like Albariño. Throughout the region 12 grape varieties are permitted, including the red wine grapes of Mencia and Espadeiro, but Albariño accounts for 90% of the region's production. The vineyard soils of the area are granitebased and ideally situated for the damp maritime climateof the area. Despite the reputation for high yields in other parts of Galicia, Rías Baixas keeps the yield of its Albariño plantings low in order to produce concentrated fruity and fragrant wine. The wines are often a minimum alcohol contentof 12% and are rarely produced in a style other than dry.
The Ribeiro DO (which means "riverside" in Galician) is located along the Minho river and its tributaries. It received its DO status in 1957. In the 16th and 17th century, Ribeiro wine was often exported to
Englandand Italybut suffered the same damages as Rías Baixas did during the phylloxera epidemic. However growers were quicker to turn away from the low quality hybrid plantings and back to the native Torrontés, Treixadura and Lado varieties. These grapes produce crisp, aromatic white wines. The area's red wine production is centered on the Garnacha Tintorera which produces dark colored but light bodied wines.
* [http://www.idealspain.com/pages/Food/galiciawine.htm Galician wine description]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Galician — can refer to: * Galician language, of Galicia (Spain) * Galician people, an ethnic group of Galicia, Spain * Galician wine, wine produced in Galicia, Spain See also * Galicia (Central Europe) * Music of Galicia, Cantabria and Asturias … Wikipedia
Galician cuisine — liquor.Compared to the wide variety of foods in the cuisines of France and India, for example, Galician cuisine could be considered to be fairly simple. The potato is the main dish, first arriving in Spain from the Americas in the 1500s, and then … Wikipedia
Galician people — Infobox Ethnic group group = Galicians (Galegos) flag caption = The civil flag of Galicia Then there were people from carbondale.1st row: Inés de Castro • Jerónimo Feijoo • Concepción Arenal • Eduardo Pondal • Rosalía de Castro • Emilia Pardo… … Wikipedia
wine — Spain is among the largest wine producers by volume in the world. As well as being the standard accompaniment to food, wine is also drunk as an aperitif in bars, with tapas, and is also widely used in cooking. Picnics in the countryside are… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Fortified wine — A glass of port, a fortified wine. Contents 1 … Wikipedia
Spanish wine regions — DO DOCa wine regions of Spain … Wikipedia
Torrontés — Grape (Vitis) Color of berry skin Blanc Species Vitis vinifera Also called … Wikipedia
Galicia (Spain) — Galicia Autonomous Community Flag … Wikipedia
Monterrei (DO) — Monterrei DO in the province of Ourense, region of Galicia Monterrei is a Spanish Denominación de Origen (DO) (Denominación de Orixe in Galician) for wines located in the souththeast corner of the Ourense province in (Galicia, Spain). It covers… … Wikipedia
Ribeiro (DO) — Ribeiro Denominación de Origen (DO) is located in the northeast of the province of Ourense (Galicia, Spain), in the valleys formed by the rivers Miño, Arnoia, Avia and Barbantiño. It has an area of 30 km² including 9 municipalities in their… … Wikipedia