Demographics of Honduras


Demographics of Honduras

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Honduras, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

Population Breakdown

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population: 8,143,564 (July 2011 est.)

Age structure:
0–14 years: 36.7% (male 1,528,271/female 1,464,428)
15–64 years: 59.5% (male 2,431,607/female 2,412,951)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 136,03/female 170,272) (2011 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.888% (2011 est.)

Birth rate: 25.14 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate: 5.02 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 20.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.61 years
male: 68.93 years
female: 72.37 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.09 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran

Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic 47%, Protestant 36%, other 17% (from the "International Religious Freedom Report," 2008) CIA World Factbook 2009: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant, 3%

Languages: Spanish, Amerindian languages

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.2%
male: 76.1%
female: 76.3% (2003 est.)

Ethnicity

The population of Honduras is 7.5 million. Ninety percent of the population is Mestizo (mixture Amerindian and European), 7% Amerindian, 2% Afro Honduran and 1% white.[1]

Mestizo

The population which represents itself as mestizo, and is so classified by census-takers descends from the conquered indigenous population, from a variety of backgrounds, that was absorbed, largely through the efforts of missionaries into a group that was officially classified in the colonial period as ladino (generally a term that means capable of speaking Spanish and adopting certain Spanish cultural elements). Most of this group was not, in fact, of mixed race but was primarily of indigenous origin. After independence, the term "mestizo" emerged to replace the older "ladino".[2]

Indigenous

The 7% of the Amerindian population in Honduras include groups which were not integrated fully into colonial Honduras, and most, with the exception of the Lenca still keep their language. For the most part, these tribes live in rural areas and deal with extreme poverty. The Confederation of Autochthonous Peoples of Honduras (CONPAH) and the government of Honduras count seven different indigenous groups:

  • the Ch'orti' (25,000 hab.), a Mayan group living in the northwest on the border with Guatemala;
  • the Garifuna speaking an Arawakan language. They live along the entire Caribbean coastline of Honduras, and in the Bay Islands;
  • the Pech or Paya Indians (2,500) living in a small area in the Olancho department;
  • the Tolupan (also called Jicaque, "Xicaque", or Tol), living in the Department of Yoro and in the reserve of the Montaña de la Flor and parts of the department of Yoro;
  • the Lenca(100,000 hab.) Indians living in the Valle and Choluteca departments;
  • the Miskito (40,000 hab.)Indians living on the northeast coast along the border with Nicaragua, many of whom are mixed-race and descend from the Miskito-Sambu.

In addition, there are the Sumo or Tawahka (1,000)

The confederation and each separate group of indigenous people have worked, since the 1980s, for bettering the life of the aboriginal peoples. Change, however, has been elusive as these peoples still face violence and discrimination[citation needed].

Afro-Honduran

About 2% of Honduras's population is officially recognized in the census as black, or Afro-Honduran, and mainly reside on the country's Caribbean or Atlantic coast. A good many other Hondurans, the descendents of African slaves brought into Honduras during the colonial period, especially during the mining boom of the late sixteenth century have been absorbed as "mestizos" though there are pockets of visibly African descended people in the south.

As in other Latin American countries, the question of racial breakdown of a national population is problematic. Since the beginning of the twentieth century at least, Honduras has framed itself as a "mestizo" country, ignoring and at times disparaging both the African component of the population and often also the surviving indigenous population that was still regarded as pure blood.[3][4] Because of social stigmas attached, many people denied having African ancestry, and after African descended Caribbean workers arrived in Honduras, an active campaign to denigrate all people of African descent, made persons of mixed race anxious to deny any African ancestry. Hence official statistics quite uniformly under represent those people who have ancestry in favor of a "two race" solution.[5]

The black population is mostly of West Indian (Antillean) origin, the descendants of indentured laborers brought mostly from Jamaica and Belize. The Garifuna (people of mixed Amerindian and African ancestry) live along the north coast and islands, where there are also many Afro-Hondurans. This ethnic group, estimated at 150,000 people, has it origin in the expulsion of this mixed race group from St Vincent for pro-French sympathies in 1797. Garífunas are part of Honduran identity through theatrical presentations such as Louvavagu.

Other World Regions

Many Honduran families have roots in the Middle East, specifically Palestine. These Arab-Hondurans are sometimes called "Turcos", because they arrived in Honduras using Turkish travel documents, as their homeland was then under the control of the Ottoman Empire. The Arab-Hondurans, who tend to cluster in the city of San Pedro Sula, alongside a tiny Jewish minority population (from Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Russia) exert considerable influence on Honduran economics and politics through their industrial and financial interests.[citation needed]

Asians in Honduras are mostly people of Chinese descent, and to a lesser extent Japanese. In the 1980s and 1990s when the US army was stationed in Honduras, a quantity of Korean, some of whom own or work in management of maquiladoras, Ryukyuan, Filipino and Vietnamese came as contract laborers.[citation needed] A considerable amount of Chinese immigrated through a controversy known as "El Pasaportazo", where Honduran documents were sold in China to fleeing Chinese.

Distribution of Population

According to the Honduras 2001 Census of Population, the most populous Departments are: Cortés (1,2 million), Francisco Morazán (1,2 million), Yoro (466,000), Olancho (420,000), Choluteca (391,000) and Comayagua (353,000). The least populous are Islas de la Bahia and Gracias a Dios. According to the same source, the main cities are: Tegucigalpa (894,000 hab.-Distrito Central only-), San Pedro Sula (517,000 hab.), Choloma (160,000 hab.), La Ceiba (140,00 hab.), El Progreso (106,000 hab.), Choluteca, Comayagua, Puerto Cortes, La Lima and Danli. However, the main metropolitan areas are Tegucigalpa (1,200,000 hab. -est. 2007-) and San Pedro Sula (900,000 hab. -same year-). Between the 1988 and 2001 Census, San Pedro Sula doubled its population. The country has 20 cities above 20,000 inhabitants. Honduras is the only Central American country which its second most important city has half the population of the city-capital. Considering metropolitan areas only, the Honduran capital is the third largest Central American urban agglomeration, after Guatemala City and San Salvador.

Languages

Catedral de San Pedro Apóstol in San Pedro Sula

The Spanish language is the predominant language, while (pidgin) English is spoken along the Caribbean and the Islas de la Bahia Department. Indigenous Amerindian languages (in several dialects) and Garifuna is also spoken, though English is becoming more popular everywhere where it was not widely spoken, due to efforts by the government, including making English the second language . Along the northern coast live communities of Garifuna speakers who maintained a separate culture.

The Spanish spoken in Honduras is part of the Central American varieties of Spanish, which includes the widespread use of voseo and usted (with their respective conjugations) in informal situations.

Religion

The majority of Hondurans are Roman Catholic or Evangelical Protestants. In the most recent countrywide survey taken in 2007, the CID-Gallup reported that 47 percent of respondents identify themselves as Catholics, 36 percent as evangelical Protestant Christians, and 17 percent as "other" or provide no answer.[6]

Honduran diaspora

Since 1975, emigration from Honduras has accelerated as job-seekers and political refugees sought a better life elsewhere. Although many Hondurans have relatives in Spain, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Canada, the majority of expatriate Hondurans live in the United States.

In Spain, the Honduran community is the largest amongst the Central American people living there, with an estimated 8,500, according to Spanish statistics for 2006.[7] The main figures indicate that 2,130 live in Barcelona and 1,100 in Madrid. In addition Catalonia has 4,854 Hondurans; Comunidad de Madrid, 1,086; Comunidad Valenciana, 556; and Castilla y Leon, 524.

According to CELADE (Investigación Migración Internacional de Latinoamérica)'s figures, by 1992, more than 8,700 Hondurans were living in El Salvador; 9,700 in Nicaragua (1995), 5,500 in Guatemala (2002), 3,000 in Costa Rica (by 2000); and 2,400 in Belize (1990). Note: figures are not comparable. Additionally, according to UN Demographic Yearbook (2000) 8,700 Honduran live in Canada.[8]

Recent State Department estimates[9] suggest there are between 800,000 and 1 million Hondurans living in the United States, nearly 15% of the Honduran domestic population. The large uncertainty is due to the substantial number of undocumented Honduran immigrants currently believed to be residing in the United States.

See also

References

  1. ^ CIA - The World Factbook - Honduras
  2. ^ Ministerio de Educación (MINEDUC) (2008). "Reflexiones sobre el mestizaje y la identidad nacional en Centroamérica: de la colonia a las Républicas liberales" (in Spanish). http://www.mineduc.gob.gt/administracion/dependencias/centrales/ccre/ccre_interculturalidad.htm. Retrieved 2008. 
  3. ^ Dario Euraque, "The Threat of Blackness to the Mestizo Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Honduran Banana Economy, 1920s and 1930s," in Steve Striffler and Mark Moberg, eds. Banana Wars: Power, Production and History in the Americas (Duke University Press, 2003), pp. 229-49.
  4. ^ Dario Euraque, "Antropólogos, archaeólogos, imperialismo y la mayanicación de Honduras, 1890-1940," Revista Historia 45 (2002): 73-103
  5. ^ Dario Euraque, "The Threat of Blackness to the Mestizo Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Honduran Banana Economy, 1920s and 1930s," in Steve Striffler and Mark Moberg, eds. Banana Wars: Power, Production and History in the Americas (Duke University Press, 2003), pp. 229-49.
  6. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2008
  7. ^ INEbase: Lista de operaciones estadísticas incluídas
  8. ^ United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics
  9. ^ Honduras (06/07)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Honduras — Republic of Honduras República de Honduras …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of present-day nations and states — This is a list of Demographics by country articles, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. The entries are listed below. compactTOC2 NOTOC A… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Antigua and Barbuda — Demographics of Antigua and Barbuda, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Antigua and Barbuda, including population density, ethnicity, education… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Barbados — Demographics of Barbados, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Barbados, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Martinique — Demographics of Martinique. Population: 436 131 (July 2006 est.) Age structure: 0–14 years: 22,1% (male 48 988; female 47 525) 15–64 years: 67.3% (male 147 082; female 146 470) 65 years and over: 10.6% (male 20 791; female 25 275) (2006 est.)… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Nicaragua — This article is about the demographic features of the population of Nicaragua, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Costa Rica — Costa Rican Censuses   Year Population  %± 1864 120,499 1883 182,073 51.1 1892 243,205 33.6 1927 471,524 93.9 1950 800,875 …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Haiti — Population of Haiti (in thousands) from 1961 to 2003 Although Haiti averages approximately 255 people per square kilometer (650 per sq. mi.), its population is concentrated most heavily in urban areas, coastal plains, and valleys. About 80 85% of …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of Belize — This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belize, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographics of the United States — As of today s date, the United States has a total resident population of 312,615,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. It is a very urbanized population, with 82% residing in cities and suburbs as of 2008 (the worldwide… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.