João Fernandes


João Fernandes

João Fernandes (pronounced|ʒuˈɐ̃ũ fɨɾˈnɐ̃ðɨʃ) (John, Joam) (sometimes called João Fernandes Lavrador) was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century. He was perhaps the earliest of modern explorers in the upland of West Africa, and a pioneer of the European slave- and gold-trade of Guinea.

We first hear of him (before 1445) as a captive of the Barbary Moors in the western Mediterranean; while among these he acquired a knowledge of Arabic, and probably conceived the design of exploration in the interior of the continent whose coasts the Portuguese were now unveiling.

Life away from Europe

In 1445 he volunteered to stay in Guinea and gather what information he could for Prince Henry the Navigator; with this object he accompanied Antão Gonçalves to the "River of Gold" (Rio d'Ouro, Río de Oro), where he landed and went inland with some native shepherds. He stayed seven months in the country and was then taken off again by Gonçalves at a point farther down the coast, near the "Cape of Ransom" (Cape Mirik); and his account of his experiences proved of great interest and value, not only as to the natural features, climate, fauna and flora of the south-western Sahara, but also as to the racial affinities, language, script, religion, nomad habits, and trade of its inhabitants. These people maintained a certain trade in slaves, gold, etc., with the Barbary coast (especially with Tunis), and classed as "Arabs," "Berbers," and "Tawny Moors" did not then write or speak Arabic.

Expeditions

In 1446 and 1447 Fernandes accompanied other expeditions to the Rio d'Ouro and other parts of West Africa in the service of Prince Henry. He was personally known to Gomes Eannes de Azurara, the historian of this early period of Portuguese expansion; and from Azurara's language it is clear that Fernandes' revelation of unknown lands and races was fully appreciated at home.

Fernandes was granted a patent by King Manuel I in 1499 given him the right to explore that part of the Atlantic Ocean as set out in the Treaty of Tordesillas. Kevin Major, "As Near to Heaven by Sea: A History of Newfoundland and Labrador", 2001, ISBN 0-14-027864-8]

Fernandes, together with Pêro de Barcelos, first sighted the province Labrador in 1498. Fernandes charted the coasts of Southwestern Greenland and of adjacent Northeastern North America around 1498 and gave notice of them in Europe. The areas are believed to have been named "island of the Labrador" and "land of the Labrador" (modern-day Labrador), respectively, after him. His landowner status allowed him to use the title "lavrador" ("landholder" in Portuguese) (pronounced|lɐvɾɐˈðoɾ) .

On early sixteenth maps a landmass west of Greenland bears the title "Terra Laurador," and "Terra Laboratoris." Upon his return from Greenland he sailed to Bristol and received a patent from King Henry VII and in 1501 Fernandes set sail again in discovery of lands in the name of England. He was never heard from again.

Fernandes was granted title to much of the lands he had discovered and is considered the first European landowner in Labrador.

References

*1911

ee also

*Labrador

External links

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=212 Biography at "the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]

Persondata
NAME = Lavrador, João Fernandes
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Portuguese explorer
DATE OF BIRTH =
PLACE OF BIRTH = Portugal
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • joão-fernandes — s. m. 2 núm. [Popular] Homem insignificante, sem importância; joão ninguém …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • João Fernandes — Para el explorador portugués del mismo nombre de Norteamérica, algo posterior, véase João Fernandes Lavrador. João Fernandes fue un explorador portugués del siglo XV, conocido por ser quizás el primero de los exploradores modernos del interior de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joao Fernandes Lavrador — João Fernandes Lavrador Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernandes. João Fernandes (1453 1505), dit João Fernandes Lavrador (« le propriétaire terrien »), était un explorateur portugais du XVe siècle. Biographie Cette section est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joao Fernandes Campos Cafe Filho — João Fernandes Campos Café Filho Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernandes. João Fernandes Campos Café Filho João Fernandes Campos Café Filho (N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joao fernandes de Campos Café — João Fernandes Campos Café Filho Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernandes. João Fernandes Campos Café Filho João Fernandes Campos Café Filho (N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • João Fernandes Lavrador — Para el explorador portugués de África, véase João Fernandes. João Fernandes, conocido como João Fernandes Lavrador (que en portugués, significa «terrateniente») fue un navegante portugués de finales del siglo XV, conocido porque se cree que fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • João Fernandes Lavrador — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernandes. João Fernandes (1453 1505), dit João Fernandes Lavrador (« le propriétaire terrien »), était un explorateur portugais du XVe siècle. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • João Fernandes Campos Café Filho — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fernandes. Café Filho Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pousada João Fernandes — (Бузиус,Бразилия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rua João Fernandes, 100, Joao Fern …   Каталог отелей

  • Pousada La Mansion João Fernandes — (Бузиус,Бразилия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rua João Fernandes, Lote 01 …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.