Scope (project management)


Scope (project management)

In project management, the scope of a project is the sum total of all of its products and their requirements or features.Fact|date=March 2008

Sometimes the term scope is used to mean the totality of work needed to complete a project.

In traditional project management, the tools to describe a project's scope (product) are the product breakdown structure and product descriptions. The primary tool to describe a project's scope (work) is the work breakdown structure.

Extreme project management advocates the use of user stories, feature lists and feature cards to describe a project's scope (product-deliverable).

If requirements are not completely defined and described and if there is no effective change control in a project, scope or requirement creep may ensue.

Scope creep management is important for effective project management. Projects are expected to meet strict deadlines with resource restraints, and an unvetted and unapproved change in the scope can affect the success of the project. Scope creep sometimes causes cost overrun.

Scope creep is a term which refers to the incremental expansion of the scope of a project, which may include and introduce more requirements that may not have been a part of the initial planning of the project, while nevertheless failing to adjust schedule and budget. There are two distinct ways to separate scope creep management. The first is business scope creep, and the second is called features (also technology) scope creep. The type of scope creep management is always dependent upon on the people who create the changes.

Business scope creep management occurs when decisions that are made with reference to a project are designed to solve or meet the requirements and needs of the business. Business scope creep changes may be a result of poor requirements definition early in development, or the failure to include the users of the project until the later stage of the systems development life cycle.

Scope management plan is one of the major Scope communication documents. The Project Scope Management Plan documents how the project scope will be defined, managed, controlled, verified and communicated to the project team and stakeholders/customers. It also includes all work required to complete the project. The documents are used to control what is in and out of the scope of the project by the use of a Change Management system. Items deemed out of scope go directly through the change control process and are not automatically added to the project work items. The Project Scope Management plan is included in as one of the sections in the overall Project Management plan. It can be very detailed and formal or loosely framed and informal depending on the communication needs of the project.

Features (Technology) scope creep occurs when the scope creep is introduced by technologists adding features not originally contemplated. "Customer-pleasing scope creep" occurs when the desire to please the customer through additional product features adds more work to the current project rather than to a new project proposal. "Gold-plating scope creep" occurs when technologists augment the original requirements because of a bias toward "technical perfectionism" or because the initial requirements were insufficiently clear or detailed.

See also

*Project management
*Cost overrun
*Megaproject

External links

* [http://www.projectperfect.com.au/info_scope_creep_mgmt.php Article identifying the primary causes and solutions for business and technological scope creep management]
* [http://www.chacocanyon.com/pointlookout/020904.shtml Article identifying a number of reasons for the development of scope creep]
* [http://www.pmhut.com/category/scope-management/project-scope-management/ Articles on Project Scope Management]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Project management — is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing, and managing resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables) …   Wikipedia

  • Project management plan — The project management plan is a document that describes the project management system used by a project team. The objective of a project management plan is to define the approach to be used by the Project team to deliver the intended project… …   Wikipedia

  • Project Management Body of Knowledge — Der Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK Guide) ist ein weit verbreiteter Projektmanagement Standard und zentrale Referenz des US amerikanischen Project Management Institute, von dem er auch herausgegeben und unterhalten wird …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Project management office — The Project Management Office (PMO) in a business or professional enterprise is the department or group that defines and maintains the standards of process, generally related to project management, within the organization. The PMO strives to… …   Wikipedia

  • project management — noun The discipline of organizing and managing resources (e.g. people) in such a way that a project is completed within defined scope, quality, time and cost constraints …   Wiktionary

  • Software project management — is a sub discipline of project management in which software projects are planned, monitored and controlled. Software development process A software development process is concerned primarily with the production aspect of software development, as… …   Wikipedia

  • Diversified Project Management — Founded in 1989, Diversified Project Management is a New England based Owners’ Representative consulting company headquartered in Newton, Massachusetts. With additional offices in Hartford, Connecticut and Stamford, Connecticut, Diversified… …   Wikipedia

  • Creep (project management) — Creep (as in functionality creep, feature creep, mission creep and scope creep) is a problem in project management where the initial objectives of the project are jeopardized by a gradual increase in overall objectives as the project progresses.… …   Wikipedia

  • Collaborative Project Management — PSI 1 (auch PSI Recommendation 1 (CPM)) ist eine formale Projektmanagementmethode aus dem Bereich des kollaborativen Projektmanagements veröffentlicht vom ProStep iViP e.V. Um ein partnerübergreifendes Projektmanagement zu realisieren beachtet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of project management topics — This list of project management topics gives an overview of project management topics. Contents 1 Project management activities 2 Project management artifacts 3 Project management tools 3.1 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.