Babe I'm Gonna Leave You


Babe I'm Gonna Leave You

Infobox Song
Name = Babe I'm Gonna Leave You


Artist = Led Zeppelin
Album = Led Zeppelin
Released = January 12 1969
track_no = 2
Recorded = October 1968
Genre = Hard rock, folk rock
Length = 6:41
Writer = Bredon/Page & Plant
Label = Atlantic Records
Producer = Jimmy Page
Chart position =
Background =
prev = "Good Times Bad Times"
prev_no = 1
next = "You Shook Me"
next_no = 3
Audio sample? = yes
Misc =Audiosample
Background=#E6E8FA
Upper caption = Audio sample
Audio file = Led Zeppelin - Led Zeppelin I - 02 Babe I'm Gonna Leave You.ogg
"Babe I'm Gonna Leave You" is a traditional folk song written by Anne Bredon in the late 1950s. It was recorded by Joan Baez and released on her 1963 album "Joan Baez in Concert, Part 1", and also by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, who included it on their 1969 debut album "Led Zeppelin".

Joan Baez interpretation

Whilst a student at UC-Berkeley in around 1960, Anne Bredon appeared on a live folk-music radio show "The Midnight Special" on radio station KPFA, on which she sang "Babe, I'm Gonna Leave You".Janet Smith, "The 'Babe I'm Gonna Leave You' Story," in "The Gate at the End of the World: A Collection of Songs by Anne Bredon" (Bella Roma Music, 1991), pp. vii-x.] A fellow folk singer who guested on "The Midnight Special", Janet Smith, then developed her own version of the song, which she sang at hootenany folk-song events at Oberlin College, one performance of which was attended by Joan Baez.Janet Smith, "The 'Babe I'm Gonna Leave You' Story," in "The Gate at the End of the World: A Collection of Songs by Anne Bredon" (Bella Roma Music, 1991), pp. vii-x.] Baez asked Smith to send her a tape of her songs, including "Babe, I'm Gonna Leave You", which she subsequently began performing herself. It became the opening track on "Joan Baez in Concert, Part 1".Janet Smith, "The 'Babe I'm Gonna Leave You' Story," in "The Gate at the End of the World: A Collection of Songs by Anne Bredon" (Bella Roma Music, 1991), pp. vii-x.]

When this album was in production, Vanguard Records contacted Smith to determine the authorship of the song. Because Smith was unable to track down Bredon prior to the release of Baez's album, the song was credited as "Traditional, arr. Baez" on "Joan Baez in Concert, Part 1".Janet Smith, "The 'Babe I'm Gonna Leave You' Story," in "The Gate at the End of the World: A Collection of Songs by Anne Bredon" (Bella Roma Music, 1991), pp. vii-x.] Anne Bredon was properly credited, however, in the "Joan Baez Song Book", which was published in 1964.Janet Smith, "The 'Babe I'm Gonna Leave You' Story," in "The Gate at the End of the World: A Collection of Songs by Anne Bredon" (Bella Roma Music, 1991), pp. vii-x.]

Led Zeppelin interpretation

The band was inspired to cover the song after hearing Baez's version. Both guitarist Jimmy Page and singer Robert Plant were big fans of Baez. Baez's original album had indicated that the song was a traditional number, and Led Zeppelin followed suit by crediting the song as "Trad., arr. Page". In the 1980s, Bredon was made aware of Led Zeppelin's version of the song. Since 1990 the Led Zeppelin version has been credited to Anne Bredon/Jimmy Page & Robert Plant, and Bredon received a substantial back-payment in royalties.Dave Lewis (1994), "The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin", Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9]

This was the number Page played to Plant at their first meeting together, which took place at Page's riverside home at Pangbourne in late July 1968.Dave Lewis (1994), "The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin", Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9] It is often stated that the song evolved when Plant played to Page the guitar arrangement which eventually found its way onto the album. In an interview he gave with "Guitar World" magazine in 1998, Page refuted this story, noting that he had worked out the arrangement long before he met Plant, told him he would like it on the album, and that Plant at that time did not even play the guitar. [Brad Tolinski and Greg Di Bendetto, "Light and Shade", "Guitar World", January 1998.]

It is rumoured that Page recorded another version of the song, with Steve Winwood, in 1968, which was never released. [ [http://www.winwoodfans.com/cs/csunrel.htm#page Steve Winwood Fans' Site: Collaborations & Sessions: Unreleased Material ] ] At the 1:43 mark of Led Zeppelin's version of "Babe I'm Gonna Leave You", it is possible to hear a very faint trace of Plant singing, "I can hear it calling me" just before he sings the same line in full volume. It is as if he "hears it calling him." This "ghost" is the vocal bleed from Plant's scratch vocal, and it appears on the drum tracks, which were recorded live with the full band.

The band only played this song live at Led Zeppelin concerts on their 1969 concert tours, but Page and Plant brought it back for their 1998 reunion in a 9-minute version. When he played this song live, Page tended to use a fuzzbox.Fact|date=May 2008 Led Zeppelin cite their best performance of the song to be at Copenhagen, Denmark, late 1968, during which Jimmy played the song with heavy fuzz.Fact|date=May 2008

A live, filmed performance of "Babe I'm Gonna Leave You", from Led Zeppelin's gig on "Danmarks Radio" at Gladsaxe, Denmark, on March 17, 1969, is featured on the "Led Zeppelin DVD" (2003).

Other interpretations

Other interpretations of the Baez/Bredon song include versions by The Association in 1965 and British pop singer Mark Wynter in 1965. Quicksilver Messenger Service recorded a variation on the song in 1967, crediting it to Darling/Bennett/Bredon. (Erik Darling was a New York folk music artist.) Welsh band Man would later cover the QMS song on their 1976 album "Maximum Darkness" (recorded live at Roundhouse, Chalk Farm on 26 May, 1975).

More recently, Damien Rice has covered this track live in concert, sometimes as part of his cover of "When Doves Cry" by Prince. The song was also remixed by Quivver (AKA John Graham) and featured in Paul Oakenfold's DJ mix album "Perfecto Presents Another World". Most recently, Momentary Prophets have interpreted "Babe I'm Gonna Leave You", combining it with the first track off "Led Zeppelin IV", "Black Dog".

Serbian hard rock band Cactus Jack recorded a cover of the Led Zeppelin version of the song on their live cover album "DisCover" in 2002.

As a result of touring in the United States and watching various "Led Zeppelin" cover bands and other artists perform this song, in recent months Robert Plant has taken to performing this song again, both with his "current" band "Strange Sensations" as well as in his concert tours as a solo artist.

References

ources

*"Led Zeppelin: Dazed and Confused: The Stories Behind Every Song", by Chris Welch, ISBN 1-56025-818-7
*"The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin", by Dave Lewis, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9

External links

*Review: [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=33:ya9dsd2qa3rg All Music Guide]
*Joan Baez original (YouTube video montage): [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eCNLY7ezJo]


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