- Roy Medvedev
::"For the current
Russian President, see Dmitry Medvedev."
Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev ( _ru. Рой Александрович Медведев; born
November 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia) is a Russian historianrenowned as the author of the dissidenthistory of Stalinism, "Let History Judge", first published in English in 1972. Medvedev became a prominent Russian politicianand served as a consultant to Mikhail Gorbachevand Boris Yeltsin.
Early life and education
Roy Medvedev was the son of a prominent
Soviet Marxistscholar and the identical twinbrother of the biologist Zhores Medvedev. Their father was arrested in 1938, during one of Joseph Stalin's purges, and died in a labor camp in 1941.
Medvedev graduated from the
Leningrad University. After joining the Communist Party of the Soviet Unionin 1956 Medvedev pursued a teaching career before becoming a researcher in the Soviet Academy of Pedagogical Sciences.
Marxistviewpoint, Medvedev criticized former Russian dictatorJoseph Stalin, and Stalinismin general, during the Sovietera. In the early 1960s, Medvedev was engaged in " samizdat" publications. He was critical of the unscientific nature of Lysenkoism.
In 1969, Medvedev was expelled from the Communist Party after the publication of his book, "
Let History Judge," that criticized Stalin and Stalinism at a time when official Soviet propagandists were trying to partially rehabilitate the former dictator. "Let History Judge" reflected the dissident thinking that emerged in the 1960s among Soviet intellectuals who, like Medvedev, sought a reformed, democratic socialismand a return to Leninism. He announced his position, along with Andrei Sakharovand others, in an open letterto the Soviet leadership in 1970.
Medvedev was often subject to house arrest and
KGBharassment under Leonid Brezhnev, but managed to publish numerous critical writings on Soviet history and politics abroad. Medvedev was oppressed for his active support of democracyafter he successfully published "Let History Judge" abroad in the late 1960s.
In a book co-authored with his identical twin brother,
Zhores Medvedev, "A Question of Madness", Medvedev describes Zhores' Involuntary commitmentin the Kaluga Psychiatric Hospital. Zhores, a dissident biologist, was questioned at the Kalugapsychiatric facilities about his involvement with samizdat, and about book he had written, "The Rise and Fall of T.D. Lysenko"; Zhores was exiled to Britain in the 1970s.
Medvedev returned to the ruling party in 1989, after
Mikhail Gorbachevlaunched his perestroikaand glasnostprogram of gradual political and economic reforms. He was elected to the Soviet Union's Congress of People's Deputiesand was named as member of the Supreme Soviet, the permanent working body of the Congress. After the collapse of the Soviet government, Medvedev joined with dozens of other former communist deputies of the Soviet and Russian parliaments to found the Socialist Party of Working People, becoming a co-chair of the party.
He is a supporter of former
President of Russia, now Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.
* "A Question Of Madness" (with Zhores Medvedev). Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 1971. ISBN 0-394-47900-9 ISBN 0-14-003783-7
* "Khrushchev: The Years in Power" (with Zhores Medvedev). 198 pages. Columbia University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-231-03939-5
* "On Soviet Dissent" Columbia University Press. 1979. ISBN 0-231-04812-2
* "Nikolai Bukharin: The Last Years". 176 pages. W W Norton & Co Inc. 1983. ISBN 0-393-30110-9
* "The October Revolution" 1985. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0094629005
Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism" (Revised and expanded edition). Columbia University Press. 1989. ISBN 0-231-06350-4
* "Post-Soviet Russia: A Journey Through the Yeltsin Era" (with George Shriver). 394 pages. Columbia University Press. 2002. ISBN 0-231-10607-6
* "The Unknown Stalin" (with Zhores Medvedev). The Overlook Press. 336 pages. 2004. ISBN 1-58567-502-4
* "Inside Russia Today". David K. Shipler.
* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1132/is_n9_v44/ai_13469431 FindArticles.com] - 'An interview with Roy Medvedev', Fred Weir, "Monthly Review" (Feb, 1993)
* [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,910189,00.html Time.com] - 'The Brothers Medvedev', R.Z. Sheppard, "Time" (December 13, 1971)
* Roy Medvedev commentaries on
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/med1 The First And Last Soviet Parliament] , October 1999
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev2 Stalin Lives] , March 2005
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev3 Khrushchev’s Secret Speech and End of Communism] , February 2006
*# [http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/medvedev4 Let History Judge Russia’s Revolutions] , November 2007
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Roy Medvedev — Roy Aleksandrovitch Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident soviétique. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag … Wikipédia en Français
Roy A. Medvedev — Roy Medvedev Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident russe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag 3 … Wikipédia en Français
Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev — Roy Medvedev Roy Aleksandrovich Medvedev (en russe : Рой Александрович Медведев), né le 14 novembre 1925 à Tbilisi en Géorgie, est un historien et un dissident russe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Controverse sur les victimes du Goulag 3 … Wikipédia en Français
Medvedev, Roy Aleksandrovich — ▪ Soviet historian and dissident born Nov. 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia] Soviet historian and dissident who was one of his country s foremost historiographers in the later 20th century. Roy was the identical… … Universalium
Medvedev, Zhores Aleksandrovich — ▪ Soviet biologist and dissident born Nov. 14, 1925, Tbilisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now in Georgia] Soviet biologist who became an important dissident historian in the second half of the 20th century. Zhores was the identical twin… … Universalium
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Medvedev — (Russian: Медведев) and female Medvedeva (Медведева), from Russian medved, meaning the animal bear , are Russian surnames. Notable bearers of the name include: Medvedev (male form): Medvedev, Dmitry Anatolyevich (born 1965), President of the… … Wikipedia
Medvedev, Roy Alexandrovich — (1925– ) Born in Tbilisi, the capital of the Soviet republic of Georgia, Medvedev has contributed to the documenting and analyzing of Stalinism, most notably in his landmark work, Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Zhores Medvedev — Zhores Aleksandrovich Medvedev ( ru. Жорес Медведев) (born in Tbilisi, Georgia on November 14, 1925) is a Russian biologist, historian and dissident. His twin brother is the historian Roy Medvedev.BiograhpyYouth and educationMedvedev s first name … Wikipedia
Jaures Medvedev — Jaurès Medvedev Pour les articles homonymes, voir Medvedev. Jaurès Aleksandrovich Medvedev (russe : Жорес Медведев) (né en Union soviétique le 14 novembre 1925) est un biologiste et ancien dissident russe. Il est le frère jumeau de l… … Wikipédia en Français