Snocross


Snocross

Snocross (also snowcross) is a racing sport involving racing specialized high performance snowmobiles on an artificially-made tracks consisting of tight turns, banked corners, steep jumps and obstacles. Riders race at speed of up to 60 miles per hour (96 kilometers per hour). [http://cvexpo.org/snocross.aspx 2007 Rock Maple Snocross Racing] , January 26 2007, Retrieved December 4 2007] Jumps are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall, so riders travel up to 130 feet (40 meters) before they touch the ground. According to the World Snowmobile Association which governs snocross, watercross, and hillcross racing, snocross is the most popular form of snowmobile racing. [ [http://travel.mainetoday.com/news/040206snocross.shtml Skowhegan will play host to large snocross event] ; Portland Press Herald, February 6, 2004; Deirdre Fleming, Retrieved December 5 2007]

Snocross was derived from the sport of motocross. The name is a portmanteau of the words "snowmobile" and "motocross". The sport uses a snowmobile instead of a motorcycle, and a snow/ice surface instead of dirt. The snow/ice surface which is either natural or man-made. [http://snowmobile.off-road.com/snowmobile/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=475158 WPSA SnoCross Duluth Results] , November 27, 2007; Jeffrey Banks, Off-Road.com, Retrieved December 4 2007 ] Tracks are generally located in higher latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere since temperatures below freezing are required to maintain the frozen track surface. Motorcycle riders in motocross and supercross frequently compete in snocross in the winter.

Snocross became an event at the X Games in 1998. [http://snowmobilingweb.com/24/the-best-north-american-snowmobile-competitions/ The Best North American Snowmobile Competitions] ; snowmobilingweb, June 4, 2007; Retrieved December 5 2007] X Games is a popular gathering place for some snow-related sports in the United States. The course at the first snocross event at the X Games resembled a motocross course; it was significantly longer than courses are now. It had deeper holes and higher jumps that are now filled in with snow.

Equipment

The snowmobiles vary significantly depending on their class. Drivers are typically required to wear a helmet, gloves, goggles/eye protection, leather boots, shin guards, elbow pads, neck braces, knee guards, and upper body protection. Hearing protection is often required in non-stock classes. Sanctioning bodies require helmets and suits to have a significant bright orange section.cite web |url=http://www.mountainwestracing.com/08%20Rulebook%20website.pdf |title=Mountain West Racing 2008 Snocross rules |accessdate=2007-12-05 |format=PDF]

Event

Races start with the drivers forming a line abreast at the start line. The event begins with either a drop of a green flag by the starter or by the starter turning on a light. Like other sports derived from cross country running, the winner is often the rider who has the best holeshot. [ [http://www.amsnow.com/SNO/default.aspx?c=a&id=1196 Polaris shows 2003 440 ProX racer] , Wade West; October 15 2002, Retrieved December 4 2007] The event may be stopped for a dangerous condition. The snowmobiles are lined up for the restart by their position in the race, with the drivers involved in the stoppage starting in the rear. The winner of the event is the rider who finishes first in the feature event. Events attract over 10,000 spectators.

Typically, a snocross event consists of a set number of qualifying races, heat races, and semi-finals, all leading up to the finals race for each contest cycle category. The final races is called the "Main Event".

Major events

*Snowcross World Cup Finals at Lugnet Riksskid Stadium in Falun, Sweden
*Northeast Snowcross Challenge at Malone Fairgrounds in Malone, New York, United States on the first weekend in January.
*World Championship Snowmobile Derby at Eagle River, Wisconsin, United States on the third weekend in January. The snocross event complements the circle track championship event.
*X Games at Aspen, Colorado, United States

nocross by region

United States

The United States has a national sanctioning body called World PowerSports Association. The body sanctions eight points paying national races in 2007-2008. Two of these events are held in Canada. It hosts several non-points events, including an invitational ESPN Winter X Games event in Aspen, Colorado. It also hosts state and regional series in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. [ [http://snowmobile.off-road.com/snowmobile/Industry+News/Polaris-Snocross-Racers-Are-Focused-on-Thanksgivin/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/470445 Polaris Snocross Racers Are Focused on Thanksgiving Weekend Season Opener] , November 5 2007, Polaris Industries press release, Retrieved December 4 2007] Events are televised on ESPN2. [ [http://www.travelwisconsin.com/event_detail/Nielson_Enterprises_SnoCross_Grand_Finale_Championship_Snowmobile_Racing.aspx Nielson Enterprises SnoCross Grand Finale, Championship Snowmobile Racing] , Wisconsin Department of Tourism, Retrieved December 4 2007]

Rock Maple Racing sanctions 14 events in the Northeastern United States. Mountain West Racing sanctions on eight events in northern Rocky Mountains states. There is a snowcross track in Waconda, Illinois. It is winter thunder challenge.

Canada

The Canadian Snowcross Racing Association (CSRA) hosts 5 national points paying events. It hosts five regional races, and several non-points in the United States in combination with the World PowerSports Association. [ [http://www.snowcross.com/1/1_1_0.php 2008 Events Schedule] for Canadian Snocross Racing Association, Retrieved December 4 2007]

Europe

The sport is popular in the Nordic countries, but its popularity is raising in former Sovjet as well as Iceland and in the Alps. There has been several manufacturers in earlier years, but Lynx -a subdivision of the Canadian company Bombardier, is the only producer left besides the big four; Yamaha, Polaris, Arctic Cat and Ski-Doo.

Racing is competed in several classes, but the most competive ones are the ProStock and the ProOpen. Both are for maximum of 600 ccm and for adults of at least 16 years old. Winners of the Norwegian championship 2008 is Johan Ivvar Gaup and Jostei Biti (ProStock & Pro Open)

Video games

*Polaris SnoCross (2000)

ee also

*motocross
*snowmobile

References

External links

* [http://www.wsaracing.com World PowerSports Association] (United States, Canada)
* [http://www.snowcross.com/ Canadian Snowcross Racing Association] (Canada)
* [http://www.usccracing.com/ United States Cross Country Snowmobile Racing Association] (United States)
* [http://www.rockmaple.com/ Rock Maple Racing] (United States)


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • snocross — noun A sport in which snowmobiles are raced at high speed on artificial tracks …   Wiktionary

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