- Dinosaur Provincial Park
Dinosaur Provincial Park Location: County of Newell / Special Area No. 2, near Brooks
Coordinates: Coordinates: Area: 73.29 square kilometres (28.30 sq mi) Founded: 1955 Governing body: Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation UNESCO World Heritage Site Type: Natural Criteria: vii, viii Designated: 1979 (3rd session) Reference #: 71 State Party: Canada Region: Europe and North America IUCN Category III (Natural Monument) Invalid designation Provincial Park of Alberta: 1955
Dinosaur Provincial Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located about two and a half hours drive southeast of Calgary, Alberta, Canada or 48 kilometres (30 mi), about a half hour drive, northeast of Brooks.
The park is situated in the valley of the Red Deer River, which is noted for its striking badland topography. The park is well known for being one of the richest dinosaur fossil locales in the world. Forty dinosaur species have been discovered at the park and more than 500 specimens have been removed and exhibited in museums across the globe. The renowned fossil assemblage of nearly 500 species of life, from microscopic fern spores to large carnivorous dinosaurs, justified it becoming a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Dinosaur Provincial Park Visitor Centre
The Dinosaur Provincial Park Visitor Centre features exhibits about dinosaurs, fossils, and the geology and natural history of the park. There is a video theater, fossil prep lab area, and a gift shop. Public programs are offered in the summer.
John Ware's Cabin is a restored early 20th cabin that was used by John Ware, an African-American cowboy and important figure in Alberta's ranching history. The cabin is located near the visitor center and is open on select days in the summer.
Established on June 27, 1955 as part of Alberta's 50th Jubilee Year with the goal of protecting the fossil beds, the first warden was Roy Fowler (1902-1975), a farmer and amateur fossil hunter.
Until 1985 discoveries made in the park had to be shipped to museums throughout the world for scientific analysis and display, including the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, the Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa, and the American Museum of Natural History in New York. This changed with the opening of the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology 100 kilometers upstream in Midland Provincial Park adjacent to Drumheller.
World Heritage Site
The park was established as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on October 26, 1979 both for its nationally significant badlands and riverside riparian habitats, and for the international importance of the fossils found here. An official dedication ceremony and plaque unveiling were held at the Park's overview area on June 19, 1980.
The park protects a very complex ecosystem including three communities: prairie grasslands, badlands, and riverside cottonwoods. Its ecosystem is surrounded by prairies but is unique unto itself. Choruses of coyotes are common at dusk, as are the calls of nighthawks. Cottontail rabbits, mule deer, and pronghorn can all be seen in the park; the prairie rattlesnake, bull snake and the red-sided garter snake are present as well. Curlews and Canada geese are among the 165 bird species that can be seen in the spring and summer. Some of the most northern species of cactus, including Opuntia (prickly pear) and Pediocactus (pincushion) can be observed in full bloom during the later half of June.
The sediments of Dinosaur Provincial Park span 2.8 million years and three formations: the terrestrial Oldman Formation at the base of the strata, the terrestrial Dinosaur Park Formation above, and the marine Bearpaw at the top. The Dinosaur Park Formation, which contains most of the fossils from articulated skeletons, was primarily laid down by large rivers in very warm temperate coastal lowlands along the western margin of the Western Interior Seaway. The formation dates to the Late Campanian, about 75 million years ago. The Dinosaur Park Formation spans about 1 million years.
Dinosaur Provincial Park preserves an extraordinarily diverse group of freshwater vertebrates. Fish include sharks, rays (such as the durophage Myledaphus), paddlefish, bowfins, gars, and teleosts. Amphibians include frogs, salamanders, and the extinct albanerpetontids. Reptiles include lizards (such as the large monitor Paleosaniwa), a wide range of turtles, crocodilians, and the fish-eating Champsosaurus. Mammals such as shrews, marsupials, and squirrel-like rodents are also represented, although usually only by their fossilized teeth, rather than bones.
Mega-plant fossils are rare in the park, but pollen grains and spores collected from here suggest that these Campanian forests contained sycamore, magnolia and bald cypress trees, along with Metasequoia.
The dinosaurs of the park are astonishingly diverse. They include:
- Leptoceratops sp.
- Centrosaurus apertus, C. brinkmani
- Styracosaurus albertensis
- Chasmosaurus belli, C. russelli
- Vagaceratops irvinensis
- Corythosaurus casuarius
- Gryposaurus notabilis, G. incurvimanus
- Lambeosaurus lambei, L. magnicristatus
- Prosaurolophus maximus
- Parasaurolophus walkeri
- Dromaeosaurus albertensis
- Hesperonychus elizabethae
- ?new dromaeosaur species A
- ?new dromaeosaur species B
- new troodontid species A
- Ricardoestesia gilmorei
- List of Alberta provincial parks
- List of Canadian provincial parks
- List of National Parks of Canada
- List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas
World Heritage Sites in Canada WesternCanadian Rocky Mountain Parks · Dinosaur Provincial Park · Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump · Kluane-Wrangell-St. Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek1 · SGaang Gwaay · Waterton Glacier International Peace Park1 · Wood Buffalo2 Eastern Northern Tentative List Parks in Alberta World Heritage Sites National parks Provincial parks Urban parks Museums and historic sites
- Alberta Central Railway Museum
- Canadian Grain Elevator Discovery Center
- Cold Lake Air Force
- Ellis Bird Farm
- Fort Calgary
- Fort Edmonton Park
- Fort Victoria
- Fort Whoop-Up
- Frank Slide
- Galt Historic Railway Park
- Heritage Acres Farm Museum
- Heritage Park
- Krause Milling Co.
- Pioneer Acres
- Prairie Elevator Museum
- Ritchie Mill
- Royal Alberta
- Royal Tyrrell
- Scandia Eastern Irrigation District Museum
- Spruce Grove Grain Elevator Museum
- St. Albert Grain Elevator Park
- South Peace Centennial Museum
- Ukrainian Village
- Warner elevator row
- National historic sites
- Provincial historic sites
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Look at other dictionaries:
Dinosaur Provincial Park — ▪ park, Alberta, Canada public park located in the badlands (badland) of southeastern Alberta, Canada. The nearly 29 square mile (75 square km) park is best known for its extensive fossil beds, within which have been identified some 35 different… … Universalium
Dinosaur Provincial Park — [ daɪnəʊsɔː prə vɪnʃl pɑːk], Landschaftsschutzgebiet im Südosten der Provinz Alberta, Kanada, in der kanadischen Prärietafel, 90 km2; umfasst ein Badlandgebiet am Red Deer River mit reichen Vorkommen von Dinosaurierfossilien in mesozoischen… … Universal-Lexikon
Dinosaur Provincial Park — Der Dinosaurier Provinzpark ist ein Naturpark in der kanadischen Provinz Alberta. Er befindet sich etwa 250 km östlich von Calgary, 48 km nordöstlich der Ortschaft Brooks. Der Park liegt in den Kanadischen Badlands im Flusstal des Red Deer Rivers … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dinosaur Provincial Park — Sp Dinozáurų párkas Ap Dinosaur Provincial Park L Kanadoje (Alberta); PPP … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
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