Madeleinea


Madeleinea

Taxobox
name = "Madeleinea"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
subphylum = Hexapoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Lepidoptera
unranked_familia = Rhopalocera
superfamilia = Papilionoidea
familia = Lycaenidae
subfamilia = Polyommatinae
genus = "Madeleinea"
genus_authority = Bálint, 1993
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = Several, see text
synonyms = "Itylos" Nabokov, 1945 ("non" Draudt, 1921: preoccupied)
"Nivalis" Balletto, 1993

"Madeleinea" is a butterfly genus in the family Lycaenidae. These Andean butterflies are very interesting from a taxonomic standpoint.

For one thing, this genus was discussed by famous author and lepidopterologist Vladimir Nabokov in 1945. However, he used the name "Itylos", which actually refers to a closely related but distinct genus described in 1921. That was not known in his time however, as the relationships of the butterflies discussed by Nabokov were only resolved in 1993. In any case, "Nivalis" was proposed as a replacement name by Emilio Balletto but for technical reasonsVerify source|date=December 2007 turned out to be unavailable. Zsolt Bálint subsequently established the currently-valid name.

The latter researcher, in cooperation with Kurt Johnson, since then described many taxa new to science. To honor the contributions of Nabokov to entomology - chiefly concerning Lycaenidae -, these were often given names referring to the novels of Nabokov, or characters therein.

elected species

At least one but probably more undescribed species are known to exist.
* "Madeleinea ardisensis" Bálint & Lamas, 1996 – named after Ardis Hall, a place in "".
* "Madeleinea bella" Bálint & Lamas, 1996
* "Madeleinea cobaltana" Bálint & Lamas, 1994 – named after Kobalt, a mountain resort in "Pale Fire"
* "Madeleinea colca" Bálint & Lamas, 1996
* "Madeleinea gradoslamasi" Bálint & Johnson, 1997
* "Madeleinea huascarana" Bálint & Lamas, 1994
* "Madeleinea koa" (Druce, 1896)
* "Madeleinea lea" Benyamini, Bálint & Johnson, 1995
* "Madeleinea lolita" Bálint, 1993 – named after Dolores Haze, nicknamed "Lolita", and the protagonist of the novel by the same title.
* "Madeleinea ludicra" (Weymer, 1890)
* "Madeleinea malvasa" Bálint & Pyrcz, [2000]
* "Madeleinea moza" (Staudinger, [1894] )
* "Madeleinea nodo" Bálint & Johnson, 1995 – named after Nodo, half-brother of Odon in "Pale Fire".
* "Madeleinea odon"Verify source|date=December 2007 Bálint & Johnson, 1995 – named after Odon, half-brother of Nodo in "Pale Fire".
* "Madeleinea pacis" (Draudt, 1921)
* "Madeleinea pelorias" (Weymer, 1890)
* "Madeleinea sigal" Benyamini, Bálint & Johnson, 1995
* "Madeleinea tintarrona" Bálint & Johnson, 1995 – named after Tintarron, a brand of deep blue glass in "Pale Fire"
* "Madeleinea vokoban" Bálint & Johnson, 1995 – the specific name is "Nabokov" read backwards

Formerly placed here:
* "Itylos mashenka" Bálint, 1993 – named after Nabokov's first novel "Mashen'ka (Mary)"

References

* (1945): Notes on neotropical Plebejinae (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera). "Psyche" 52: 1–61. [http://psyche2.entclub.org/articles/52/52-001.pdf PDF fulltext]

* (1996): "A Guide to Nabokov’s Butterflies and Moths". Hamburg, Germany

External links

* [http://www.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/lycaenidae/polyommatinae/madeleinea/index.html Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms:] "Madeleinea". Version of 2007-JUL-11. Retrieved 2007-DEC-30.
* [http://www.duke.edu/~jspippen/peru/pics/blue-1d-031007-766lmz.jpgPhoto] of male "Madeleinea ardisensis"
* [http://www.duke.edu/~jspippen/peru/pics/blue-1dv-031007-764lmz.jpgAnother photo] of male "Madeleinea ardisensis", showing underside
* [http://www.duke.edu/~jspippen/peru/pics/blue1d-030920santaeulaliaz.jpgPhoto] of female "Madeleinea cobaltana"


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Itylos (butterfly) — Itylos as defined by Vladimir Nabokov in 1945 is nowadays Madeleinea.Taxobox name = Itylos regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda subphylum = Hexapoda classis = Insecta ordo = Lepidoptera unranked familia = Rhopalocera superfamilia = Papilionoidea …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Nabokov — This article is about the novelist. For his father, the politician, see Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov. This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Vladimirovich and the family name is Nabokov. Vladimir Nabokov Nabokov in 1969 …   Wikipedia

  • Polyommatinae — Taxobox name = Polyommatinae image width = 250px image caption = Common Grass Blue regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Lepidoptera unranked familia = Rhopalocera superfamilia = Papilionoidea familia = Lycaenidae… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyommatinae — Polyommatinae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vladimir Nabokov — Escultura de Vladímir Nabokov en Montreux, Suiza. Vladimir Nabokov, cuyo nombre completo en ruso era Vladímir Vladímirovich Nabókov (Владимир Владимирович Набоков, [vlʌˈdʲimʲɪr vlʌˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪʧ nʌ bokəf]) ( …   Wikipedia Español

  • Polyommatinae — ? Polyommatinae …   Википедия

  • Nivalis — may refer to: a synonym for Madeleinea, a butterfly genus Species Latin binomial name abbreviations A. nivalis (disambiguation) C. nivalis (disambiguation) D. nivalis (disambiguation) E. nivalis (disambiguation) G. nivalis (disambiguation) L.… …   Wikipedia


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