Searchlight, Nevada


Searchlight, Nevada

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Searchlight, Nevada
settlement_type = CDP



imagesize =
image_caption = View of Searchlight, from the southwest



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Searchlight in Clark County, Nevada



mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 = U.S. Census Map
map_caption1 =
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dot_mapsize =
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Nevada
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
established_title =
established_date =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 33.9
area_land_km2 = 33.9
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 13.1
area_land_sq_mi = 13.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
area_water_percent =
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 576
population_density_km2 = 17
population_density_sq_mi = 44
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 35 |latm = 28 |lats = 6 |latNS = N
longd = 114 |longm = 55 |longs = 1 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1081
elevation_ft = 3547
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 89039, 89046
area_code = 702
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 32-65600
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0845654
website =
footnotes =

Searchlight is a census-designated place (CDP) in Clark County, Nevada, United States. The population was 576 at the 2000 census.

Searchlight is located at coor dms|35|28|6|N|114|55|1|W|city (35.468455, -114.916932).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.1 square miles (33.9 km²), all of it land.

History

According to Nevada Senator Harry Reid, who has written extensively about his hometown, the most likely story on how it got its name was when George Frederick Colton was looking for gold in the area in 1897 he supposedly said that it would take a searchlight to find gold ore there. Shortly thereafter he found gold leading to a boom era when Searchlight had more population than Las Vegas. At the time, it was in Lincoln County, Nevada. As talk surfaced for carving Clark County, Nevada out of Lincoln County Searchlight was initially considered to be the planned county seat. Between 1907 and 1910 the gold mines produced $7 million in gold and other precious minerals and the town had a population of about 1,500.

Other stories on the origin of the name include a story that Colton was lighting a Searchlight brand of matches when he discovered the gold ore. Reid dismisses this story saying that the Searchlight matches were not available in 1898. Yet another story says that Colton thought the area would be a good place because it was on a hill. Colton's mine was called the Duplex because the gold ore was found on two levels. [ [http://www.1st100.com/part1/colton.html Harry Colton - 1st100.com] ] [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=P0_MfeTTpVUC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=Searchlight+matches&source=web&ots=n9AMr_VR2G&sig=LDc7-lUJwK6tmkgoWOarbFZbyM8&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result#PPA18,M1 Searchlight: The Camp That Didn't Fail by Harry Reid University of Nevada Press (January 1998)] ISBN 0874173108]

Searchlight declined after 1917 but hung on as a stop on the Arrowhead Highway. In 1927, U.S. Highway 91 bypassed the town and its population dropped to 50.

The town had a resurgence in the 1930s and 1940s with the construction of nearby Hoover Dam and was home to the El Rey Bordello in the 1940s and early 1950s when it burned. The last gold mine ceased operating around 1953.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 576 people, 315 households, and 136 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 44.1 people per square mile (17.0/km²). There were 444 housing units at an average density of 34.0/sq mi (13.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.97% White, 0.69% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.65% of the population. There are 315 households out of which 8.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.8% were non-families. 48.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.76 and the average family size was 2.46.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 10.1% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 35.8% from 45 to 64, and 31.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 55 years. For every 100 females there were 125.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,407, and the median income for a family was $29,323. Males had a median income of $26,563 versus $27,868 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,606. None of the families and 14.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Education

Clark County School District operates public schools. Reid Elementary School (K-5) serves Searchlight. [" [http://ccsd.net/schools/zoning/maps/esSE.pdf 2008-09 Elementary School - Southeastern Attendance Boundaries] ." "Clark County School District". Accessed September 28, 2008.]

Notable residents

* Harry Reid - U.S. Senate Majority Leader [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=R000146]
* Edith Head - costume designer who won more Oscars than any other woman [Van Atta, Burr. " [http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PI&s_site=philly&p_multi=PI&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB29354AD3EC39E&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM OBITUARIES EDITH HEAD, MOST HONORED MOVIE COSTUME DESIGNER] ." "Philadelphia Inquirer". October 27, 1981. Page D07.]
*William Harrell Nellis - aviator for whom Nellis Air Force Base is named [http://www.nellis.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=4095]

ee also

* Barnwell and Searchlight Railroad
* LORAN-C transmitter Searchlight

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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