- Harrison Schmitt
name = Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt
status = Retired
nationality = American
date_birth = birth date and age|1935|07|3
place_birth = Santa Rita,
selection = Scientist group
time = 12d 13h 52 m
Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt (born
July 3, 1935) is an American geologist, a former NASA astronautand a one-term U.S. Senator. He is the twelfth person to walk on the Moon; as of 2008, of the nine living moonwalkers, he and his crewmate Eugene Andrew Cernanwere the last two to walk there.
Early life and education
Santa Rita, New Mexico, Schmitt grew up in nearby Silver City. He received a B.S. degree in sciencefrom the California Institute of Technologyin 1957 and then spent a year studying geologyat the University of Osloin Norway. He received a Ph.D. in geology from Harvard Universityin 1964.
NASAas a member of the first group of scientist-astronauts in June 1965, he worked at the U.S. Geological Survey's Astrogeology Center at Flagstaff, Arizona, developing geological field techniques that would be used by the Apollo crews. Following his selection, Schmitt played a key role in training Apollo crews to be geologic observers when they were in lunar orbit and competent geologic field workers when they were on the lunar surface. After each of the landing missions, he participated in the examination and evaluation of the returned lunar samples and helped the crews with the scientific aspects of their mission reports.
Because Schmitt was the only geologist in the astronaut corps and had spent considerable time becoming proficient in the CSM and LM systems, it came as no surprise when, in March 1970, he became the first of the scientist-astronauts to receive a crew assignment. He joined
Richard F. Gordon, Jr.(Commander) and Vance Brand(Command Module Pilot) on the backup crew for Apollo 15and was clearly in line to fly as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 18. After the cancellation of the Apollo 18 moon mission in September 1970, many people expected that he would be assigned to fly on Apollo 17, the last lunar mission. That assignment was announced in August 1971.
During the Apollo 17 flight, Schmitt probably took a photograph of the Earth called
The Blue Marble, one of the most widely distributed photographic images in existence (NASA officially credits the image to the entire Apollo 17 crew, and Schmitt claims that he personally took the image.) As he returned to the Apollo Lunar Modulebefore his crewmate Gene Cernan, Schmitt is the second to the last person to have set foot on the moon's surface. After the completion of Apollo 17, Schmitt played an active role in documenting the Apollo geologic results and also took on the task of organizing NASA's Energy Program Office.
Infobox_Senator | name=Harrison Schmitt
jr/sr=United States Senator
January 3, 1977
January 3, 1983
date of birth=birth date and age|1935|07|3
place of birth=Santa Rita,
date of death=
place of death=
In August 1975, Schmitt resigned from NASA to seek election as a Republican to the
United States Senaterepresenting New Mexico. Schmitt faced two-term Democratic incumbent, Joseph Montoya, whom he defeated 57% to 42%. He served one term and, notably, was the ranking Republican member of the Science, Technology, and Space Subcommittee. He sought a second term in 1982, but due to a deep recession and concerns that he wasn't paying attention to local matters, he was defeated in a re-election bid by the state Attorney General Jeff Bingamanby a 54% to 46% margin. Following his Senate term, he has been a consultant in business, geology, space, and public policy.
He lives in
Silver City, New Mexico, and spends some of his summer at his northern Minnesotalake cabin. He is also an advocate of returning to the moon (see Project Constellation), as the moon could be used as a source of helium-3, a rare isotope of heliumthat can be used as a fuel for nuclear fusionreactors.
Schmitt is chair of the
NASA Advisory Council, [ [http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/oer/nac NASA Advisory Council ] ] whose mandate is to provide technical advice to NASA Administrator Michael D. Griffin. Schmitt is an adjunct professor of engineering physics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison[ [http://www.engr.wisc.edu/ep/faculty/schmitt_harrison.html Schmitt, Harrison J ] ] . He is the founder and serves as chairman of Interlune Intermars Initiative Inc., an organization whose goal is to advance the private sector’s acquisition and use of lunar resources.
chmitt in popular culture
*Schmitt was portrayed by
Tom Amandesin the 1998 miniseries "From the Earth to the Moon".
*Schmitt was mentioned in , an episode of "
King of the Hill".
*He appeared in an episode of the television show
Bill Nye the Science Guy.
Awards and honors
* He was made an honorary fellow of the
Geological Society of Americafor his efforts in geosciencein 1984. [ [http://www.geosociety.org/aboutus/awards/past.htm Geological Society of America: Award & Medal Recipients ] ]
*One of the elementary schools in Schmitt's hometown of
Silver City, New Mexicowas named in his honor in the mid-'70s. An image of the astronaut riding a rocket through space is displayed on the front of "Harrison Schmitt Elementary School."
Schmitt is one of the astronauts featured in the documentary
In the Shadow of the Moon. Apollo 17 Apollo 17
* [http://www.dailycardinal.com/article/920915 UW prof recounts '72 trip to moon]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Harrison Schmitt — Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 28. Juni 1965 (4. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harrison Schmitt — Harrison Hagan Schmitt Nacimiento 3 de julio de 1935 (76 años) … Wikipedia Español
Harrison Schmitt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schmitt. Harrison Schmitt Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Harrison H. Schmitt — Harrison Schmitt Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 28. Juni 1965 (4. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harrison Hagan Schmitt — Harrison Schmitt Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 28. Juni 1965 (4. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harrison H. Schmitt — Harrison Schmitt Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schmitt. Harrison Schmitt Astronaute Nationalité … Wikipédia en Français
Schmitt — is a common family name in German.Schmitt may refer to:*Schmitt, Germany *Schmitt trigger *Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly syndrome *Schmitt s GayPeople with the surname Schmitt*Al Schmitt, American recorded music engineer *Alfred Schmitt ndash; French … Wikipedia
Harrison (Name) — Harrison ist ein englischer Vor und Familienname. Herkunft Der Name ist ein Patronymikon des Namens Harry und bedeutet „Sohn des Harry“. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname William Harrison Ainsworth (1805–1882), englischer Schriftsteller Harrison… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harrison (name) — Harrison (or Harrisson or Harryson or Harrysson) (ha rri son) is a common patronymic surname with both English and Celtic origins. It can mean both son of Harry and Golden Strength .Fact|date=August 2008 Early records suggest that the surnames… … Wikipedia
Schmitt — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour consulter un article plus général, voir : Nom de famille germanique. Patronyme Schmitt est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Aloys… … Wikipédia en Français