Cleveland, Mississippi


Cleveland, Mississippi
Cleveland, Mississippi
—  City  —
Nickname(s): C Town
Location of Cleveland, Mississippi
Coordinates: 33°44′31″N 90°43′36″W / 33.74194°N 90.72667°W / 33.74194; -90.72667Coordinates: 33°44′31″N 90°43′36″W / 33.74194°N 90.72667°W / 33.74194; -90.72667
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Bolivar
Area
 - Total 7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
 - Land 7.3 sq mi (18.9 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (United States Census 2007 estimate)
 - Total 12,447
 - Density 1,705/sq mi (659/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 38732-38733
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-14260
GNIS feature ID 0668601

Cleveland is a city in Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 12,334 as of the 2010 census.

Cleveland has a fairly large commercial economy, with numerous restaurants, stores, and services along U.S. Highway 61. Cleveland is one of the two county seats (the other being Rosedale) of Bolivar County, which was named for the South American liberator Simon Bolivar.

Contents

History

Named after President Grover Cleveland, the town began formation in 1869 as people moved inland from the Mississippi River. The Louisville, New Orleans & Texas Railroad ran through the town and a portion of the railroad remains there today. Early records show the community was called Fontaine in 1884 and at some point Coleman's Station. Moses W. Coleman built the first home on the bayou in the area. In 1885, it was officially named Sims after Rueben T. Sims, who owned part of the land on which the town stood. The village of Cleveland was chartered on March 25, 1886, and the United States Post Office recognized the town as such on August 5, 1887. It was Sims's son, B.C. Sims, who was responsible for the name change to Cleveland.

Geography

Cleveland is located at 33°44′31″N 90°43′36″W / 33.74194°N 90.72667°W / 33.74194; -90.72667 (33.742027, -90.726548)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 13,841 people, 4,718 households, and 3,132 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,892.2 people per square mile (731.1/km²). There were 4,988 housing units at an average density of 681.9 per square mile (263.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.90% White, 48.26% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 4,718 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 20.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,466, and the median income for a family was $40,242. Males had a median income of $32,979 versus $23,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,585. About 18.1% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 28.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The City of Cleveland is served by the Cleveland School District.

Colleges and Universities

Public High Schools

Private Secondary Schools

Private Elementary/Middle Schools

  • Presbyterian Day School

Public Elementary/Junior High Schools

  • Alternative School
  • Nailor Elementary School
  • Cleveland Voc Tech Complex
  • D.M. Smith Middle
  • Cypress Parks Elementary School
  • Pearman Elementary School
  • Margaret Green Junior High School (MGJH)
  • Parks Elementary School
  • Hayes Cooper Center

Health care

Police Department

The city of Cleveland is served and protected by the Cleveland Police Department and is located on South Sharpe Avenue. Currently, forty-five people are employed by the department. Of the forty-five, thirty-nine are sworn police officers and six civilians serve in a support role. Sworn officers average out to one officer per three-hundred fifty-seven citizens.[3]

Fire Department

The Cleveland Volunteer Fire Department is currently rated Class 5 by the State Rating Bureau and has 3 paid employees and 37 volunteer fire fighters. The paid employees include a Fire Inspector, Maintenance Engineer and Maintenance Assistant. All other positions are volunteer. The department operates from 2 separate fire stations and utilizes 2 front line pumpers, 2 rescue/utility vehicles, 1 aerial platform pumper, 1 Ford F-2500 with a bed mounted deluge gun, a Hazardous Materials Response Unit and 1 backup pumper for it’s daily operations. The department also operates a training facility that is home to a rope rescue tower, smoke house, ventilation simulator, drafting pit, and a Class A burn facility. The department is currently completing a confined space maze.

Historic marker

A marker was placed in Cleveland designating the nearby Dockery Plantation, built by Will Dockery, as a site on the Mississippi Blues Trail is an acknowledgment of the important contribution of the plantation to the development of the blues in Mississippi.[4][5]

Governor Haley Barbour stated

I’m pleased to include Dockery Plantation on the Mississippi Blues Trail. Apart from the town’s unique historical legacy, which includes printing its own money, Dockery was home to famed Bluesman Charley Patton and played a significant role in the development of the Delta Blues.[5]

Media

Newspapers

  • The Bolivar Commercial
  • The Cleveland News Leader

Television

FM Radio

AM Radio

  • 640 WCRV
  • 710 KEEL
  • 810 WSJC
  • 940 WCPC
  • 1030 WGSF
  • 1090 KAAY
  • 1180 WJNT
  • 1260 WGVM
  • 1410 WDSK : Talk Radio
  • 1490 WCLD: Gospel Music
  • 1600 WMQM

Trivia

  • Cleveland, MS was recognized as one of the best "100 small towns in America".[6]

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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