Dawes Point Battery


Dawes Point Battery
Dawes Point Battery
Dawes Point, Sydney
Dawes point battery - national library of australia.jpg
Dawes Point Battery
Dawes Point Battery is located in New South Wales
Shown within New South Wales
Type Gun Battery
Coordinates 33°51′18″S 151°12′34″E / 33.854945°S 151.209404°E / -33.854945; 151.209404Coordinates: 33°51′18″S 151°12′34″E / 33.854945°S 151.209404°E / -33.854945; 151.209404
Built 1791
Construction
materials
Sandstone

The Dawes Point Battery is an historical fortification that was located adjacent to the southern pylon of the Sydney Harbour Bridge at Dawes Point, New South Wales, Australia.[1]

History

The first known building to be constructed on the site of Point Maskelyne (later renamed Dawes Point) was an observatory constructed in early 1788 by Lieutenant William Dawes.

A powder magazine was installed in 1789 followed by the Battery in 1791. In 1798, the Governor's concerns regarding the arrival of schooner Argo prompted defensive measures at the Battery.[2] The battery was constructed under the direction of George Barney, one of Australia’s most important Colonial Engineers of the mid-19th century. The site had previously been used as a cemetery for prisoners executed at Sydney Gaol (1797-c1830). The fort was expanded substantially in 1819 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie ordered convict Francis Greenway, who was an architect to design and construct a castellated fort at Dawes Point, which at the time was only meant to appear threatening to ships sailing into Sydney Harbour. In that same year sandstone blocks were quarried on site at Dawes Point Park for the construction of the fort.[3]

Dawes Point fort received many upgrades throughout the 19th century as new threats to Britain’s empire arose. The fortification was intended to be the first line of defence in the event of an attack by the Spanish in 1790 and further threats of Napoleon’s French troops in 1810.

In 1850 during the Crimean War, there were further fears of an attack by the Russian Pacific Fleet so the battery received additional subterranean powder magazines and occupancy was taken up by Royal Artillery. In this year the Dawes Point Battery became the command post for a series of fortifications that were built around the inner harbor, which included Fort Denison.

Colonel George Barney was given the task renovating Sydney’s fortifications and an extension of Dawes Point in 1860.

Sydney’s Harbour defences had been relocated to the entrance of Port Jackson by the end of the 19th century, thus rendering Dawes Point obsolete. The battery was then used to accommodate the Commandant of the Australian Military from 1901 and 1903.

Most of the fort was demolished in 1925 to make way for the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. In 1932 the remaining buildings that served as a headquarters for Dorman and Long, the British company responsible for the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge were demolished and the whole area landscaped and set aside for public use.[4]

Armaments

  • 5 x 42-pound cannons

References



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dawes Point, New South Wales — Dawes Point Sydney, New South Wales Sydney Harbour Bridge, viewed from Observatory Hill Population …   Wikipedia

  • battery — noun (plural batteries) 1. /ˈbætəri / (say batuhree), /ˈbætri/ (say batree) Electricity either of two chemical cells or groups of cells: a. one which produces electrical energy; primary cell. b. one which stores electrical energy; accumulator… …   Australian English dictionary

  • DAWES, William (c. 1758-1836) — pioneer and scientist son of Benjamin Dawes, afterwards clerk of works at Portsmouth, was born probably about the year 1758. He entered the navy and was given a commission as second lieutenant, royal marines, in September 1779. He was on the… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Malabar Battery — Four story observation post that forms part of the Malabar Battery and bunker complex …   Wikipedia

  • Drummond Battery — No. 2 BL 9.2 inch gun in 1944 …   Wikipedia

  • William Dawes (Royal Marines officer) — William Dawes (1762 – 1836) was an officer of Royal Marines, scientist, surveyor and administrator. He travelled to New South Wales with the First Fleet on board HMS Sirius .Early lifeDawes was the eldest son of Benjamin Dawes, clerk of works in… …   Wikipedia

  • Bankstown Bunker — in 1945 …   Wikipedia

  • The Rocks, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = The Rocks city = Sydney state = nsw caption = Circular Quay West lga = City of Sydney parish = St. Philip postcode = 2000 est = pop = area = propval = stategov = Sydney [Cite web… …   Wikipedia

  • Base navale de Kuttabul — 33° 51′ 45″ S 151° 13′ 36″ E / 33.8625, 151.226667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Middle Head Fortifications — Gun emplacements Gun emplacements …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.