- Fairfield, New York
official_name = Fairfield, New York
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Herkimer
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 107.0
area_land_km2 = 106.5
area_water_km2 = 0.5
area_total_sq_mi = 41.3
area_land_sq_mi = 41.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1607
population_density_km2 = 15.1
population_density_sq_mi = 39.1
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 323
elevation_ft = 1060
latd = 43 |latm = 7 |lats = 29 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 56 |longs = 4 |longEW = W
A few settlers, actually tenants, made the future town their home before the
American Revolution, but the major influx occurred after 1785, mainly from New England.
The town was established from part of the Town of Norway in 1796.
From 1812 until 1841, the College of Physicians and Surgeons trained medical practitioners.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km²), of which, 41.1 square miles (106.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.
The west town line is marked by the
West Canada Creek. Fairfield is north of the Mohawk River, but does not border it. New York State Route 29, an east-west highway crosses Fairfield. New York State Route 169is a north-south highway in the western part of the town. New York State Route 170is another north-south highway, but in the eastern part of Fairfield. New York State Route 170Ais at the east town line.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,607 people, 561 households, and 430 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 39.1 people per square mile (15.1/km²). There were 611 housing units at an average density of 14.9/sq mi (5.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.37% African American, 0.19% Native American, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 561 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,104, and the median income for a family was $45,069. Males had a median income of $31,992 versus $21,944 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $15,603. About 9.0% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Fairfield
*Countryman -- A location near the west town line, southwest of Fairfield village.
*Dillenbeck Corners -- A location in the southeast part of the town on County Road 70.
*Eatonville -- A hamlet at the south town line on NY-169.
*Fairfield -- The hamlet of Fairfield is near the center of the town on NY-29 at the junction of County Roads 103 and 142.
*Goodell Corners -- A location in the southeast part of the town near the town line, located on NY-170 at NY-170A.
*Middleville -- Part of the Village of Middleville is within the west town line at the intersection of NY-29 and NY-169.
*Old City -- A hamlet at the northwest corner of the town on County Road 7.
*Welch Corners -- A location in the northwest corner of the town, south of Old City and located on NY-29.
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyherkim/fairfield.html History information about Fairfield, NY]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/ny/herk-fairfield.htm Early history of Fairfield, New York]
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