- Emperor Daozong of Liao
Emperor Daozong of Liao Emperor of Liao Dynasty Reign August 28, 1055–February 12, 1101
( 45 years, 168 days)
Predecessor Xingzong Successor Tianzuodi Era dates Qingning (清寧) 1055–1064
Xianyong (咸雍) 1065–1074
Dakang (大康) 1075–1084
Da'an (大安) 1085–1094
Shouchang (壽昌) 1095–1101
Posthumous name Rensheng Daxiao Wen Emperor (仁聖大孝文皇帝) Temple name Daozong Father Xingzong Born 14 September 1032 Died 12 February 1101 (aged 68-69)
Emperor Daozong of Liao (Chinese: 辽道宗; pinyin: Liáo Dàozōng) (September 14, 1032–February 12, 1101), born Yelü Hongji or Yehlu Hongji (Chinese: 耶律洪基; pinyin: Yēlǜ Hóngjī), was an emperor of the Liao dynasty, a kingdom of the Khitan people in what is now northeastern China. Succeeding his father, Xingzong, in 1055, Daozong ruled until he was murdered in 1101. He was succeeded by his grandson, Tianzuodi. He reigned from 28 August 1055 to 12 February 1101 .
Daozong was notable for reviving the name "Great Liao" in 1066, a designation first given the kingdom by Emperor Taizong in 947. Other noteworthy achievements made during his reign include the completion of a Liao edition of the Buddhist Tripitaka and the construction of the Sakyamuni Pagoda in 1056.
He survived at least one attempt on his life in 1063, when a group of Khitans, angry that their system of tribal justice had been put under local Chinese administration, ambushed his hunting party. Daozong survived the attack and the rebels were executed, but to reassert his legitimacy as ruler he was forced to perform a traditional "rebirth" ceremony. In 1070, he restructured the legal system to reflect the differences in Chinese and Liao customs.
However, Daozong's reign was fraught with corruption. Daozong spent lavishly on his palaces and his Buddhist worship. Many people under his rule were angered by the high taxes and began to rise against Liao, most notably the Jurchen tribes.Emperor Daozong of LiaoHouse of Yelü (916–1125)Born: 1032 Died: 1101
Regnal titles Preceded by
Emperor of the Liao Dynasty
List of Emperors of the Liao Dynasty
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