Lake Barkley


Lake Barkley

Infobox lake
lake_name = Lake Barkley
image_lake = Kentucky and Barkley Lakes aerial view.jpg
caption_lake = Aerial view of Kentucky Lake and Lake Barkley. Lake Barkley is on the right. The canal connecting Lake Barkley to Kentucky Lake is visible at left-center.
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = Caldwell, Livingston, Lyon, and Trigg, Kentucky
coords = coord|36|59|19.34|N|88|6|13.78|W|type:landmark_region:US-KY|display=inline,title
type =
inflow =
outflow =
catchment =
basin_countries = United States
length = 216 km
width =
area = 234 km²
depth =
max-depth =
volume =
residence_time =
shore =
elevation = 109 m
islands =
cities =

Lake Barkley, a 58,000-acre artificial lake in Caldwell, Livingston, Lyon, and Trigg counties in Kentucky and extending into Tennessee, was impounded by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1966 upon the completion of Barkley Dam. Both the lake and the dam are named for Vice President Alben Barkley, a Kentucky native.cite book |editor=Kleber, John E. |others=Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter |title="The Kentucky Encyclopedia" |year=1992 |publisher=The University Press of Kentucky |location=Lexington, Kentucky |isbn=0813117720 |chapter=Lakes] The dam impounds the Cumberland River near Grand Rivers, Kentucky, approximately 38 miles (61 km) upstream from where the Cumberland empties into the Ohio River. One mile (1.6 km) above the dam is a canal connecting Lake Barkley with Kentucky Lake, forming one of the greatest freshwater recreational complexes in the country. The lakes run parallel courses for more than 50 miles (80 km), with the Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area located between them.

Lake Barkley is 134 miles (216 km) long with a shoreline measuring 1,004 miles (1,616 km). The lake's level is maintained at different levels throughout the year for flood control purposes. Summer pool, 359 ft (109 m) above sea level, is normally reached by May 1. The water level begins dropping gradually on July 1, and winter pool (354 ft/107 m) is reached by December 1. The spring rise starts April 1. The lake's water surface area varies accordingly from 57,920 acres (234 km²) at summer pool to 45,210 acres (183 km²) at winter pool.

History

As with the formation of Kentucky Lake, communities were flooded in the 1960's to build Lake Barkley. You may hear someone refer to Eddyville and "Old Eddyville", as well as Kuttawa and "Old Kuttawa". The "Old" areas were the portions of the cities that were left above the water after the areas were flooded; these old areas are now lakefront. The present-day cities were created after the lake was formed. Old foundations and streets, previously flooded, are still visible during winter pool. Highways were even relocated, including US 68 and US 62, along with state routes and smaller streets. The Illinois Central Railroad was relocated and can still be seen under water from low flying planes above.

Recreation

Lake Barkley State Resort Park is located on the eastern shore of the lake.

The largest yellow bass ever taken in Kentucky (1 lb., 1 oz.) was caught in the waters of Lake Barkley. [cite web |url=http://fw.ky.gov/recordfish.asp |title= Kentucky State Record Fish List |publisher=Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources |date=2006-04-17 |accessdate=2007-02-17]

References

ee also

*Lake Barkley State Resort Park
*Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area

External links

* [http://www.explorekentuckylake.com Explorekentuckylake.com] is one of Lake Barkley's Web Sites with many great links
* [http://www.kentuckylake.com Kentuckylake.com] is another of Lake Barkley's Web Sites with links to all of the lake area
* [http://www.LakeBarkley.org LakeBarkley.org] is the official web site of Lake Barkley
* [http://www.daysinnkuttawa.com Daysinnkuttawa.com] web site has many great links in the sections entitled Area Activities.
* [http://www.lrn.usace.army.mil/op/bar/rec/ Lake Barkley] – U.S. Army Corps of Engineers


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