- Salzburg Forum
The Salzburg Forum (SF), or Salzburg Group, is a cooperation between the regional Interior Ministers of eight European countries. It was founded by the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Austria in 2000. The countries currently meeting are Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Romania. [ [http://tokyo.mae.ro/index.php?lang=en&id=31&s=67758 Diplomacy.ro :: ] ]
Groups which had similar goals, such as the Quantico Groups and the Berne Group, though even more secretive than the Salzburg Forum, could be considered its predecessors. More influential groups as the G6 can be deemed as its peer. [ House of Lords – European Union Committee, 19 July 2006 Fortieth Report, Behind Closed Doors: the meeting of the G6 Interior Ministers at Heiligendamm, page 23, 57. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200506/ldselect/ldeucom/221/221.pdf ] The following article is a mosaic on the SF based mainly on materials which could be found on the internet in English, German or Hungarian and partially on documents requested under the freedom of information act from the Hungarian Ministry of the Interior.
In a report on migration in the Czech Republic published the responsible Czech ministry the following summary on SF.
“The Ministers of the Interior of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Austria, Slovakia, and Slovenia have cooperated within the Salzburg groups since the adoption of the Salzburg Declaration in 2001. Ministers of Bulgaria andRomania joined the group in 2005 as candidate countries of the European Union. This cooperation became a basis for close partnership of participating countries in activities relating to internal security and regional stability. The initial objective of the Salzburg Group was, through mutual cooperation and exchanges of experience, to facilitate the inclusion of candidate countries and new EU Member States into a single European area of freedom, security and justice, with priorities being police cooperation, border checks, illegal migration, and asylum. Activities of the Salzburg Group focus nowadays mainly on specific cooperation in the area of common regional issues in the context of membership of the Salzburg Group states in the European Union. The Salzburg Group is, according to the statement of the Commissioner for Justice and Home Affairs, Mr. Frattini, at the meeting of the Ministers of the Interior of the Salzburg GroupStates held in Gratz, Austria, in July 2005, an important forum for the exchange of opinions, ideas and experiences concerning the creation of the area of freedom, security and justice, i.e. tasks arising from the Hague Programme.A special emphasis is, in this context, placed on regional cooperation regarding asylum and migration, in particular on enhancing information exchanges and cooperation between public institutions concerned, the development of common strategies for combating illegal migration, trafficking in human beings and the exploitation of women and children, as well as on the harmonisation of relevant legal provisions of the European Union in relation to third countries. With regard to the domain of asylum, cooperation aims at harmonising standards for the admission of asylum seekers and procedural guarantees corresponding with the good practice of asylum proceedings in EU Member States. An Expert Working Group for information on countries of origin of asylum seekers operates within the Salzburg Group.” [ 2005 Status Report on Migration in the Czech Republic by the MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC, Page 49. http://www.mvcr.cz/dokument/2006/migrace05en.pdf ]
The Ministers of Interior of the member states (and their experts) meet several times a year. [http://www.bmi.gv.at/oeffentlSicherheit/2005/09_10/FORUMSALZBURG.pdf] Since 1st July 2004 the SF has been organized by the semi-annual presidency, which rotates in alphabetical order according to the English name of the member countries. The work of the presidency is negotiated with Austria. Before this date all the SF meetings were organized solely by Austria.
17-19 July 2003, Fuschl (Salzburg)
At the fourth SF participants included not only the six members, but also Antonio Vitorino (EU Commissioner for JHA) and Giuseppe Pisanu (EU Council’s President, Minister of Interior of Italy). This was the first time that the President of the European Council has participated in the SF meeting. The key points of the meeting were: [ [http://www.bmi.gv.at/oeffentlSicherheit/2003/09_10/artikel_5.asp Bundesministerium für Inneres ] ]
* The ministers agreed that the SF would support the neighbours of Austria to grow up to the Schengen-System, this way a double safe zone would unfold which provides Austria more security. Notwithstanding Austria was highly interested in gradually moving the Schengen border to the external border of the EU.
* Pisanu insisted on the main issues of the Italian presidency in the field of internal security: border control, migration, and asylum, war on terrorism and organised crime. Each country should decide on its own the number of immigrants to be received. Better cooperation is needed with the transit countries. In the border control “common units” should be established, first in the “smallest and weakest” countries so that the change for the Schengen-System would be easier for the countries of East Europe and the Mediterranean. He urged a strict visa policy and compulsory stamping for tourists with visa-waiver. The unfounded asylum applications should be firmly refused. Common investigation teams should be established in the fight against organized crime, where the national police chiefs might have a leading role in order to support the Europol’s strategic direction. A network of contact officers should be set up.
* Vitorino urged the establishment of a European Border Police for extreme situations, but the integrity of the external border should be provided by the national border patrol.
* The ministers of interior signed a “Common Statement on the regional cooperation in the frame of the expanded European Union”. The statement is on the Schengen cooperation at the borders and the establishment of a European external border management.
* Austria and Slovenia signed an agreement on cooperation and improving security in the two countries, which ought to contribute to the preparation of opening their borders even before Slovenia’s EU accession.
* Austria demanded a common European border protection for which the first step would be the common standards of education, equipments, participation of national border officers and the improvement of the national border services. This work is based on an Italian study which proposes a network of decentralised competences. Austria would take part in the education of the border officers and provides the core material for their studies and the financial and personal background as well. A permanent coordination office could be built in Austria.
* Giuseppe Pisanu, Rado Bohinc (Slovenia) and Ernst Strasser (Austria) signed a protocol on police co-operation in supervising state borders and preventing illegal migration
Austrian Presidency, 1st half year, 2004
26 January 2004, Vienna
At a meeting between the American Attorney General John Ashcroft and the Austrian interior minister Ernst Strasser, the Austrian minister used the opportunity to point out insofar the European security is concerned Austria’s place as a bridge between the western and eastern European countries and their task to connect these states, especially the SF countries to the USA. He also talked about the goals of SF, like a “European police force” (the so-called Euro cops), the implementation of the Solana Paper, the West Balkan Strategy, the training workshop for air marshals, and the fight against drug trade in the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus, which are significant for transit to Austria. A future visit at SF meeting by an USA representative was also mentioned. [ [http://austria.usembassy.gov/en/policy/ashcroft.htm Press Conference With U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft And Austrian Interior Minister Ernst Strasser ] ]
15 April 2004, Vienna
Interior ministers of 11 current (6 of them that time still future) members of the European Union met for informal talks to discuss common security and immigration issues during which Austria submitted a six-point security plan. Austria Interior Ministry spokesman Rudolf Gollia said the talks would take place in Vienna between the five largest EU states -- Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain -- and the six-nation Salzburg Group, comprising the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Austria itself.Austria's Interior Minister Ernst Strasser outlined six proposals to share information and coordinate measures taken to improve security in Europe, in the wake of the March 11 train bombings in Madrid in which killed 191 people.Strasser's six-point plan included access to a European finger-printing databank, exchanges of information about people seeking visas and about travellers, improved cooperation between Interpol and its European equivalent Europol, new biometric information in passports and standardised security at EU airports.After the Madrid attacks, Austria called for the establishment of a new intelligence service dubbed "a European CIA", but ran into opposition from France and Germany.The ministers also discussed the status of refugees which had just been harmonised by the EU despite criticism from aid and rights organisations. [ Agence France Presse. (15/04/2004). Interior ministers from current and future EU states to meet inAustria Friday. Agence France Presse. Paris]
Czech Presidency, 2004 2nd half year
15-17 July 2004, Fuschl
* The Austrian Interior Minister insisted on that the future EU Border Agency should be in one of the SF member countries and the financial burden of the external border protection should be divided among all EU states. Mr. Strasser was skeptical about the plans of the Dutch presidency on common EU border police.
* From the SF Slovenia, Poland and Hungary were competing for the seat of the border agency, along with Estonia and Malta.
* The above mentioned points were included in the twelve points [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/56/Common_note_to_European_Commission.pdf proposal] which was to be filed at the JHA Council on the 19th July.
* The participants agreed on an anti-terror package which eminently based on the cooperation of the police authorities and the improvement of the data exchange. The plans include a study on the use of the EURODAC databank for purposes fighting criminality and terror.
* It was agreed experts from the newcomers should be involved in developing the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) so as to secure technical uniformity.
* Simplified border regimes should be introduced on other internal borders such as already exist between Slovenia, Austria and Hungary.
* Quick completion of Europol’s information infrastructure and a two-phase evaluation of the Schengen system (dividing the evaluated regions into chapters which would be temporarily closed, according to the rule that nothing can be closed without having discussed everything) were the main issues at the meeting, according to the Polish Ministry of Interior.
* The Polish minister presented a feasibility study on the implementation of a system of improved exchange of data with Europol through a network of liaison officers. In his opinion, a more co-ordinated and active communication between liaison officers from the countries of the Salzburg Forum is possible. He was also in favour of a quick completion of electronic infrastructure of Europol - EIS system, which will ensure a safe and undelayed communication between liaison officers residing in the Hague and the national contact points delegating them. He suggested preparing and signing a joint declaration on creating a “Network of Co-operation between Liaison Officers of the Salzburg Group” and forming a working group whose task would be to draw up detailed guidelines regulating co-operation within the framework of this initiative.5
* The Hungarian party put forward a concept of removing the existing barriers which at present make it impossible to use the EURODAC system for police purposes. The concept envisages adding the records gathered in the national criminal dactyloscopic registers to the EURODAC database and providing Europol, Eurojust and national police authorities with access to the so enriched base. Fingerprints would be taken from persons arrested while illegally crossing the border or detained during an illegal stay. They would be compared not only with the fingerprints of persons seeking asylum, but also with other records of the enlarged EURODAC database.
12 November 2004, Prague.
* Main issues: Opening of the EURODAC database for police purposes, cross-border exchange of police data, EU accession 2007, Schengen Accession in 2007.
* Austria signed a readmission agreement with the Czech Republic so that it would be easier to readmit the asylum-seekers who have already started an asylum procedure in the Czech Republic.
* Slovenia expected to enter the Schengen group by 2007.
* Newcomers should have access to the Schengen database even before they officially join the group. (Slovenia).
* Hungary suggested that EURODAC data should be used by other databases such as Europol, Eurojust, INTERPOL and the Schengen group.
Hungarian Presidency, 2005 1st half year 25.
January, 2005 Warsaw
The ministers of foreign affairs of SF countries met for the fifth times in Warsaw todiscuss the actual political matters in Ukraine, and the further relationship between the EU and Ukraine. The ministers also talked about the future EU relationship between the EU countries and the West-Balkan countries, the bases of the EU neighbour politics, thehumanitarian aid, and the consular collaboration.
21-22 April 2005, Budapest
During the first half of 2005 Hungary presided over the SF, that time consisted of the Ministers of the Interior of Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. The program of the April 22, 2005, meeting of the Forum included, inter alia, enlarging the 6 Forum to Romania and Bulgaria, cooperating to protect witnesses, sharing reliable information on the country of origin in asylum procedures, and preparing to implement the Schengen Convention standards, the Visa Information System, and biometrics. The Hungarian Minister of Interior has put forward the idea of connecting
Eurodac(the EU database on asylum seekers and illegal aliens) to criminal records, an idea that was fully supported by the five other ministers and was proposed to the EU.
Under the Hungarian freedom of information legislation [http://www.tasz.hu HCLU] obtained a note from the Hungarian Minister of Interior issued by the Hungarian Deputy State Secretary of International Affairs of the Ministry of Interior, July 2005.
Subject: summary on the Hungarian presidency of the Salzburg Forum
- Completion of a list of experts, which aims to develop the coordination mechanism of the SF. The list includes the contacts of experts from SF countries who work either in Brussels or other capitols. This establishes the possibility for discussion by them on such specific matters as migration, visa policy and law enforcement.
- With the expansion of the Salzburg Group, internal affairs ministers of Romania and Bulgaria have been invited to the Ministers Meeting in Graz on July 28-29, which further helps the integration of these new members to the EU.
- In relation to cooperation in criminal matters, examining possible regional cooperation trends and uniting the witness protection activity was launched on Hungarian initiation. SF member states accepted the plan and Austria has volunteered to carry it out. A joint document was expected to be issued in July by the justice and internal affairs departments.
- Hungary's intention in planning to share the reliable and up-to-date country of origin information is to assist the SF in finding its own path down the clearly confined ways of the EU. Experience gained would not only benefit Hungary, but also other member states and bordering third states. SF member states have agreed to have a specific expert group work out all related details. Hungary has volunteered to carry out the project. (The UNHCR has shown an interest in taking part in the country of origin project and have offered their help.)
- An agreement was reached in relation to cooperation on practices in traffic-safety and traffic-control. It was agreed that a traffic-enforcement network will be established for information-exchange, experience collection and expert-exchange. Basically, national police headquarters of the SF states will cooperate. The launch of the operation "Falcon" was decided by ministers at the Assembly of ministers in Budapest. With the joint cooperation of six countries' police, Operation Hawk took place June 6-12th, 2005. Among the goals of the operation were to enforce drivers to obey the rule of the road, to filter out drivers under the influence of alcohol and search for missing persons and individuals for whom warrants of arrest have been issued. The operation was a success.
- Review of the initiatives of 2004 – 2005
- In reply to the report submitted to the European Committee by the SF on the expansion of EURODAC functions/functioning, the European Committee stated that it intends to issue a publication on increased synergies between SIS II, VIS and EURODAC in 2006.
- On Czech initiative, the matter of criminal information exchange was brought up on July 15-17th, 2004 in Salzburg. The goal was to upgrade results and to exchange data of national police databases. Member states supported the proposal of organizing regular conferences for experts on data protection. Primarily current legal matters could be discussed. The conferences have not taken place until this day.
- The establishment of a Communication Directors Network was a Hungarian initiative. Throughout the decision-making process of the Council of the European Union, difficult and sensitive matters of internal politics frequently emerge. In such cases, the launch of concurrent media campaigns based on common argument in the region's states could be very effective, as states of the SF often face the same problems. The first meeting took place in Budapest, on April 22nd, 2005.
- In the interest of underlining an effective and joint stand, primary interest matters such as strengthening of inner security, fighting against illegal migration, stressing of return policy, fighting against corruption as well as refugee issues and migration management were discussed and debated and settled at the meetings of the Salzburg Forum.
- During the preparation and organization of the Schengen evaluations, Poland-Slovakia, and Czech Republic-Slovenia-Hungary have to work closely together in groups assigned by the Schengen Workgroup. The collation on technical details have begun, the appointed coordinators contacted. The exchange of the national Schengen Action Plans among each other, through which SF member states joining the Schengen Agreement has secured the excellent possibility of familiarizing with other member state's current stand and the remaining law-making and institution development tasks.
Cooperation in the area of traffic control
The ministers of interior discussed how to make regional cooperation more efficient,topics included the highway patrol, highway security and the small border traffic, together with the expectations of the Schengen Agreement.
The cooperation in the area of traffic control began on 22 April 2005 with the meeting ofthe ministers of interior in Budapest. In advance at the meeting of experts at the Ministry of Interior an agreement had been concluded about the necessity of the cooperation whichspecified the fields of cooperation and given concrete suggestions of the minister’s meeting.
From the Hungarian side, the following suggestions were introduced concerning thetraffic control:
* unified approach at the performance of the traffic checks (by concentrating on the highest risk factors and using the same kind of sanctions)
* introducing the “objective responsibility” as regards infringements of traffic control
* initiative of the most advanced traffic control systems
* more efficient action against the foreign traffic violators (necessity of bilateral agreements, etc.)
* the further deepening of relations, professional exchange, and education of the best practical solutions through the exchange of policemen who speak foreign languages.
At the ministers of interior meeting in Budapest an agreement was concluded about theestablishment of a “traffic control contact network” through the SF countries, which would help the daily share of information and the professional experiences, plus the experts exchange.
This would be the beginning of all the actions, which would help to reach further goals.
On Slovakian initiative the ministers also agreed on common traffic controls. The firstaction called “Hawk” was made 6-11 June 2005 with great success. This was the firstcommon traffic control action made by 6 EU countries. The second action was at the end of July 2005, which was organized by the Hungarian police.
After the success of these actions, if the ministers approve this suggestion the furthertraffic control actions would be organized, coordinated and evaluated by the Hungarianpolice department of traffic control according to the preliminary agreement of the international partners. Next to the common traffic controls personal discussions and professionals meetings are needed in every year or half year.(The above mentioned suggestions were realized at the next meeting of ministers ofinterior in Graz at the 28-29 July 2005. Hungary took on the execution of the future traffic control actions, and Poland, under its half year of presidency of the SF, would plan the meeting of experts.)
Polish Presidency, 2005 2nd half year
28-29 July 2005, Graz
As the Polish Ministry of Interior and Administration reported
“Another meeting of the Salzburg Group took place in Graz (Austria) on 28 and 29July 2005. The Ministry of the Interior and Administration of Poland wasrepresented by the Undersecretary of State, Mr Paweł Dakowski. The Ministers ofthe Interior of Austria, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic andRomania as well as the E.U Commissioner, Mr. Franco Frattini and the DirectorGeneral of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Mr BrunsonMcKinley discussed issues connected with:
* the Action Plan, which is a result of the Hague Programme;
* combating terrorism, especially after the recent events in London;
* regional co-operation.
Romania became an official member of the Group. [ Romania was the only state participating in this forum without being a member of the EuropeanUnion. (Bulgaria was planned to become a member too, but because of the changes in its government this plan was postponed).]
Ministers adopted Declaration.
Minister Paweł Dakowski introduced main priorities of the Polish Presidency in theSalzburg Group. The priorities are:
* Schengen evaluation;
* Co-ordination of tasks connected with the area of witness protection;
* Well thought out approach to the future exchange of credible and updated information regarding the country of origin;
Co-ordination of efforts in the area of road traffic patrol and safety on roads.“ [ [http://www.mswia.gov.pl/wai.php?serwis=en&dzial=1&id=145&sw=1 Ministry of Interior and Administration ] ]
19 October 2005, Warsaw
Another consultation was on 19 October 2005 in Warsaw, where the Romanian andBulgarian representatives of traffic police were present too. The reason of this consultation was the development of the regional road regulation coordination, the determination of the main risks in traffic security, and the development of the common traffic campaigns. The Hungarian side proposed four common actions executions for the year of 2006 in Warsaw (April - drugs and alcohol check, May - safety belt check, September - traffic control of trucks, October - speeding control).
November 2005, Warsaw
The Czech Ministry of Interior reported that
“An Expert Working Group for information on countries of origin of asylum seekersoperates within the Salzburg Group. Its first meeting was held in November 2005 in Warsaw. This meeting identified common priorities of participating states with regard to the countries of origin of asylum seekers arriving in the states of the Salzburg Forum. The participants discussed also issues of closer regional cooperation in collecting information on the countries of origin in relation to the objectives setting in this respect by the Hague Programme.” [ 2005 Status Report on Migration in the Czech Republic by the MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC, Page 49 www.mvcr.cz/dokument/2006/migrace05en.pdf ]
lovakian Presidency, 2006 1st half year
22-23 May 2006, Bratislava
At the meeting of the ministers of interior of the SF countries the question of theEuropean cooperation in protection of witnesses was not solved, although the EU countries decided long ago to make it possible for the protected witnesses and their families to start a new life in another country. The solution failed because of the problem of the biometric parts of the documents like finger prints and pictures. The ministers also discussed the financing of the Eastern EU borders, and the new European traffic control actions.
lovenian Presidency, 2006 2nd half year
27-28 July 2006, Göttweig
The SF meeting in Göttweig was the first time when at a meeting of the group Croatia took part as an observer. The eubusiness.com reported
“Interior Ministers from eight Central European countries demanded on Friday that new EU members be quickly allowed into the Schengen border-free zone. The ministers of the "Salzburg Group" countries (plus Croatia), demanded that the sophisticated computer system SIS II, intended to ensure the safety of the borderfree zone, be rapidly implemented after long delays. This system should be "completed in a timely fashion... in order to lift internal border controls as soon as possible," they said in a declaration, citing their own efforts to improve border controls in accordance with Schengen. European Union Justice Commissioner Franco Frattini had said the EU's newest members would join the Schengen unified visa system in March 2008 at the earliest, instead of autumn 2007,because of technical problems.
Countries within the Schengen zone eliminated their internal borders in 1995 but reinforced controls on their external borders with the Strasbourg-based Schengen Information System (SIS).
SIS relies on the authorities (police, courts and customs offices) of the 15 Schengen states but does not have the capacity to absorb the 10 members who joined the EU in 2004, as well as Switzerland which joined Schengen last year, according to Brussels, making the second-generation SIS necessary.
The Salzburg Group countries, which want to act as a counterbalance to the large EU members on issues of justice and the police, also agreed to reinforce DNA data exchanges to fight crime, Austrian Interior Ministry spokeswoman Iris Mueller-Guttenbrunn said.” [ Central European countries demand quick entry into Schengen, see at: http://www.eubusiness.com/Living_in_EU/060728170206.43ormt5j ]
25 October 2006, Brdo
The Slovenian Ministry of the Interior summarized that
“Representatives of the Ministries of the Interior of Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia met today at Brdo near Kranj within the framework of the Salzburg Forum. On behalf on Slovenia, which on 1 July 2006 took over the presidency of the Forum, Minister Mate had invited the ministers to hold a discussion on the future strategy and manner of operation of the Forum as well as on the programme and priorities of Slovenia’s EU presidency. Additionally, ministers reviewed the activities of the existing working groups and discussed the final confirmation of leadership of individual working groups assumed by the member countries.
At the press conference, the Minister of the Interior of the Republic of Austria Liese Prokop and the Minister of the Interior of the Republic of Slovenia Dragutin Mate summed up that the Salzburg Forum nowadays represents a respectable group of countries endeavouring to promote common interests within the EU, assisting each other and cooperating in various fields. During today’s meeting, they discussed the need to cooperate with other countries in the repression of organised crime, terrorism and illegal migration.
The Portugal’s proposal of setting up the system »SISone4all« or »SIS I+«, which represents an alternative solution for the new EU Member States in joining the Schengen area, featured high on the agenda. As Minister Mate said, Slovenia’s access to the Schengen database depends on the opinion of the EU Justice and Home Affairs Council, which will decide on eventual implementation of the system SIS I+ at its meeting this December. »The 25 EU Member States must receive complete assurance that the system will provide the highest security standards, that it will be tested and technically adequate« replied Minister Liese Prokop when asked when we can expect entry into the Schengen area without internal borders.” [ http://www.mnz.gov.si/en/splosno/vstopna_stran/current_events_news/more1/]
“Before the informal meeting of the JHA Council, in Tampere (Finnland) Slovenia, in its capacity as the presiding country of the Salzburg Forum, organised a meeting of Salzburg Forum Member States which was mostly aimed at exchanging views on the new schedule of implementing SIS II. Slovenian Minister of the Interior Dragutin Mate reiterated the concerns and dissatisfaction expressed at the meeting between the current presidency and future presiding states of the Council of the European Union over the current situation and appealed to Salzburg Forum states to seek alternative solutions that would enableaccess to Schengen databases irrespective of future development of SIS II.
The Czech Republic agreed with the suggested approach in principle whereas the rest of the SF Member States supported further development of SIS II and appealed to the Commission to provide more transparency, mostly by submitting regular reports on the current state of affairs in SIS II development to the Council of Ministers.
In the context of the debates on delayed SIS II implementation and, subsequently, abolition of internal borders, the Slovenian Minister of the Interior Dragutin Mate drew attention to a great financial burden that will be shouldered on, mostly, new Member States.
Ministers of the Salzburg Forum wrote a letter to Vice-President Frattini and the Finnish chairperson. The letter called upon the current EU presidency and the Commission to come up with solutions to help overcome financial implications of the delay until entering the Schengen area by either considering the 2007-2013 financial instruments or establishing a special financial instrument for that purpose.” [ http://www.mnz.gov.si/en/splosno/vstopna_stran/current_events_news/jha/ ]
4 October, 2006
The development of the Schengen Information System, the visa policy, the function of the European Union Fundamental Rights Agency, the criminal protection of the intellectual property were among the discussed topics of the meeting. The member states paid greater attention to the review of the Hague Programme.
Austrian Presidency, 2007 1st half year
12-13 July 2007, Innsbruck
This meeting dealt with the enlargement of the Schengen area, and the EuropeanFootball Championship, which will be organized by Austria this time.
The Hungarian minister introduced the actions, which have been taken to achieve fullmembership in the Schengen area: the technical developments, the training of the personal staff, the police’s integration, and believed that the Hungarian accession will not increase the illegal immigration and organized crime in Austria.
He also indicated that the Hungarian police is ready to monitor the Hungarian fans, whowill travel to the Championship, to keep up the public order. Moreover he mentioned all the measures to be demanded on the Hungarian side, when Austria will set back the frontier control during the Championship. They also discussed the SF’s future foreign strategy, the future of the European internal/interior politics from 2010, the possibility of making a European Information Net. A Common Declaration was signed by the participants including all these matters (http://www.bmi.gv.at/bmireader/documents/430.pdf).
In the second semester of 2007
“Bulgaria took up the Presidency of the Salzburg Forum, which unites thecountries from Central Europe. This country will work for the further confirmationof the Forum as a regional mechanism for exchange of information andcoordinating positions in the sphere of internal affairs within the EU; as well as forencouraging common interests, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced.Bulgaria’s presidency of the Forum would focus on the development of the“external dimension” of the Salzburg Forum and the enhancement of cooperationwith the countries of the Western Balkans.
The first one of the basic political goals of the Bulgarian Presidency of theSalzburg Forum is the enhancement of exchange among member-countries in thesphere of internal affairs, said at a news conference Bulgarian Interior MinisterRumen Petkov. The Salzburg Forum was created by the countries of Central andEast Europe for the building of common positions and policies in the sphere ofjustice and internal order. During its presidency Bulgaria will work for thedeepening of police cooperation through the creation of operative relations, asystem for information exchange in real time and the working out of a commondatabase.“ [ www.bnr.bg/RadioBulgaria/Emission_English/News/0507B16.htm]
Austrian Presidency, 2007 2nd half year
20-21 September 2007, Pleven
This meeting established the Group of Friends of Salzburg Forum from the Western Balkans. [http://www.mswia.gov.pl/wai/en/1/381/Ministerial_Meeting_of_the_Salzburg_Forum.html Ministry of Interior and Administration - text version - www.mswia.gov.pl ] ] The function of this group was to promote dialogue and cooperation between the Salzburg Forum countries and third countries.
"The cooperation between the Salzburg Forum and its Friends is based on a balancedand flexible approach, aiming to ensure maximum coordination and coherence in theirjoint activities, thus avoiding unduly duplication and overlap of efforts and resources.The common goal of the Salzburg Forum countries and their Friends fromWestern Balkans is to enhance the level of security of their citizens and to contributeto the further stabilisation of the region.The additional strengthening of mutual trust is one of the most important prerequisitesfor an active and successful partnership.The Salzburg Forum countries will actively support their Friends from the WesternBalkans on their way to European integration. They will also encourage and assistthem in the adoption and effective implementation of European standardspractices in the field of justice and home affairs, and more specifically towardsachieving the European security standards regarding fight against terrorism, organisedcrime, corruption, and illegal migration, building upon the results achieved so far." [http://www.mvcr.cz/eunie/mezfora/zapis_pleven_declaration.pdf]
Czech Presidency, 2008
15-16 May 2008, Prague
The Prague meeting of the SF was headed by principal quaestor Vasile-Gabriel Nita, Secretary of State, Head of the Schengen Department of the MIAR.
In considering the external dimension of the Salzburg Forum, one of the key points addressed during this meeting was the decision to support Romania and Bulgaria in their efforts to join the Schengen territory. There were also approached questions regarding a possible European agreement in the area of Immigration and Asylum. [ [http://www.mai.gov.ro/engleza/index10.htm#schengen Ministry of Interior and Administration Reform - Press Releases ] ]
The prevention of road traffic accidents was also discussed. The future of the Schengen system was also addressed. At the conclusion of the meeting, the presiding country of the Salzburg Forum, the Czech Republic, presented the priorities of its EU Council Presidency, while the ministers also discussed the conclusions and recommendations of the working parties operating within the Salzburg Forum. The meeting concluded with a discussion on the development and implementation of the second-generation Schengen information system (SIS II) and on the potential for further enlargement of the Schengen area. [ [http://www.mnz.gov.si/en/splosno/cns/news/article/2049/5974/?cHash=fe69591cb9 State Secretary Zvonko Zinrajh Attends Ministerial Meeting of Salzburg Forum Countries in Prague ] ]
Apparently the SF continues its work at least until the Schengen Agreement implementation by Romania and Bulgaria. Although originally Austria has forged the coalition to speed up the abolishment of the borders with its neighbours within the Schengen framework, now the SF rises above the original plan both geographically and in scope of its activities. According to the Austrian Federal Minister of Interior the members of the SF are powerful together [http://www.irm.gov.hu/download/salzburgf.pdf/salzburgf.pdf] (now that the coalition comprises eight EU states), but he has not substantiatedhis statement and it is unlikely that he will succeed in that in the near future.
Forthcoming presidencies of the Salzburg Forum:
Czech Republic: 1st half of 2008
Hungary: 2nd half of 2008
Poland: 1st half of 2009
Romania: 2nd half of 2009
Slovakia: 1st half of 2010
Slovenia: 2nd half of 2010
Austria: 1st half of 2011
2004 January Vienna
2004 April Vienna
http://www.vienna.at/engine.aspx?page=vienna-article-detail-print-page/cn/commonnews-20040717-042300_000030http://www.mswia.gov.pl/wai/en/1/92 http://www.gzs.si/eng/news/sbw/past.asp?idi=340 http://www.mswia.gov.pl/portal/en/1/103
http://www.privacyinternational.org/survey/phr2005/PHR2005greece-latvia.pdf http://balesetmegelozes_hu.web.maxer.hu/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=47&Itemid=20 http://web.b-m.hu/id/docs/pdf/salzburg_forum.pdf
http://www.inforadio.hu/hir/kulfold/hir http://ots.mti.hu/news.asp?view=2&newsid=45276 http://www.bnr.bg/RadioBulgaria/Emission_English/News/0507B16.htm
References and notes
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