Castle Cary Cut-Off


Castle Cary Cut-Off

The Castle Cary Cut-Off is a railway line from Castle Cary railway station to Cogload Junction near Taunton, Somerset, England, [cite book |last = Conolly |first = W Philip |title = British Railways Pre-grouping Atlas and Gazeteer |publisher = Ian Allan |location = Shepperton |id = 0-7110-0320-3] which reduced the length of the London to Penzance Line by 20¼ miles.cite book |last = MacDermot |first = E T |title = History of the Great Western Railway, volume II 1863-1921 |publisher = Great Western Railway |date = 1931 |location = London]

History

Through trains from London Paddington station to Penzance in Cornwall started running in 1867 taking a circuitous route over the Great Western Railway (GWR) to Bristol, then the Bristol and Exeter Railway through Taunton to Exeter, the South Devon Railway to Plymouth Millbay railway station, the Cornwall Railway to Truro, and finally completing their journey on the West Cornwall Railway. By 1889 the whole route was controlled by the GWR, but trains still had to take the "Great Way Round" through Bristol.

There had been several schemes to build a shorter route to Cornwall such as the Exeter Great Western Railway, but these came to nothing. Finally in 1895 the GWR directors announced that new lines were to be constructed to enable trains to reach Exeter, Plymouth and Penzance in a shorter time. The first stage was to lay a second track on the Berks and Hants Extension Railway from Hungerford to Patney and Chirton railway station, from where new line was opened in 1900 that reduced the distance to Westbury on the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Line by 14¼ miles.

The first section of the Castle Cary Cut-Off was opened on 1 July 1905 from Castle Cary as far as Charlton Mackrell, then on 2 April 1906 goods trains started running east from the new Cogload Junction to Somerton and was extended to Charton Mackrell on 20 May 1906. The route followed part of the Yeovil branch – which was rebuilt with a second track and at a higher level to avoid flooding – from to Athelney to Curry Rivel Junction near Langport.

Passenger trains first ran through Somerton on 2 July 1906 which then became the route for express trains to Devon and Cornwall. The prestige Cornish Riviera Express could now leave London Paddington station twenty minutes later yet arrive at Penzance at the same time as before. The new lines between Patney and Chirton and Cogload reduced the distance from London to Penzance from 325½ to 305¼ miles; Taunton was now 143 instead of 163¼ miles from London – a 12½% reduction. ["Service Timetables", Great Western Railway, (October 1920).] Two additional short cut-off lines were opened in 1933 to allow non-stop trains to avoid sharp curves at Westbury and Frome railway stations on the Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Line, but this has not resulted in a shorter published mileage. [cite web |title = National Rail Timetable 135 |url = http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/eNRT/Dec07/timetables/Table135.pdf]

Cogload Junction was a flat junction which meant that trains from Taunton to Castle Cary had to cross the line used by trains from Bristol to Taunton. On 15 November 1931 a flyover was brought into use to allow the down trains from Bristol to pass above the two Castle Cary lines, and from there to Taunton and Norton Fitzwarren there were now four running lines. From East to West these were: Down Bristol, Down Castle Cary, Up Castle Cary, Up Bristol, but crossovers at Cogload were added later that allowed trains to run on the adjacent line when necessary. [cite book |last = Cooke |first = RA |title = Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 16: West Somerset |publisher = RA Cooke |date = 1979 |location = Harwell]

Current services

Trains now run non-stop between Castle Cary and Taunton. The regular service is operated by First Great Western but CrossCountry also use the line as a diversionary route should the main Bristol to Taunton Line be blocked, travelling over the Wessex Main Line via Bath Spa and Westbury to reach Castle Cary. Their drivers' knowledge in recent years has been maintained by running a summer Saturday service from Bristol to Paignton over this route. [ [http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/TimetablesMay07/CompleteTimetable.pdf National Rail Timetable, 20 May 2007 (page 2171)] (PDF) The 07:35 Bristol Temple Meads to Paignton ran via Castle Cary and was scheduled to reach Taunton in 65 minutes instead of the usual 37 minutes.]

tations

The new line enabled the construction of six new stations [cite book |last = Oakley |first = Mike |title = Somerset Railway Stations |publisher = Redcliffe Press |date = 2006 |location = Bristol |id = ISBN 1-90453-754-5] but these all closed on 10 September 1962. Trains also served Athelney station and (from 1928) Lyng Halt on the old Yeovil branch, and Durston and Creech St Michael railway stations on the Bristol to Exeter Line, but fast trains avoided the middle two of these by using the new line from Athelney to Cogload.

Alford Halt

This small halt was opened on 21 July 1905, three weeks after the line was opened as far as Charlton Mackrell, to serve the village of Alford. A siding was opened for military goods traffic on 15 September 1940. The halt closed on 10 September 1962.

Keinton Mandeville

This station was the first one west of Castle Cary when the line opened on 1 July 1905 and was situated a mile south east of Keinton Mandeville. The main building was on the eastbound platform and the small goods yard was behind this platform at the east end.

Charlton Mackrell

For the first year after opening on 1 July 1905, the station at Charlton Mackrell was the terminus of the temporary branch from Castle Cary. In common with other stations between Castle Cary and Cogload Junction it was closed on 10 September 1962. The main building was on the eastbound platform and a goods shed and yard was situated behind this platform at the east end with the signal box opposite.

omerton

This station, opened on 2 July 1906, was officially known as "Somerton (Somerset)" to avoid confusion with "Somerton (Oxford)". It was in a cutting close to the centre of Somerton. The main building was on the eastbound platform with the goods shed at the west end of this platform. The original signal box was sited opposite the goods yard but a new signal box was opened late in 1942 to control some new loop lines installed to the west of the station to allow goods trains to be overtaken.

Although passenger trains were withdrawn on 10 September 1962, goods traffic continued to be handled until 6 July 1964.

Long Sutton and Pitney

This was an additional station opened on 1 October 1907 over a year after passenger trains started running on the line. It was situated in a cutting west of Somerton Tunnel near Upton but named after the larger villages of Long Sutton and Pitney, both about a mile distant south and north of the line respectively. The station had small corrugated iron shelters on both platforms.

Although passenger trains were withdrawn on 10 September 1962, goods traffic continued to be handled until 6 July 1964.

Langport East

The first station at Langport was opened on 1 October 1853 on the Yeovil branch line. With the opening of the town's second station on 2 July 1906 it was renamed "Langport West" while the new one became "Langport East".

The new station gave access to direct trains to London but was unusual for stations on the line as the main building was on the westbound platform. Between the station and Curry Rivel Junction, where the Cut-Off joined the old branch line, the line crossed some moors and the River Parrett on a low viaduct.

Athelney

Although served by local trains between Castle Cary and Taunton, the station at Athelney was also served by trains from Yeovil and so remained open until 15 June 1964.

The original building was on the north side of the single track. With the doubling of the line in 1906 a second platform was added and a large wooden building was sited on this which then became the main offices. A signal box dating from 1881 on the north side of the line was replaced at the same time by one on the south side, which remained in use until 5 April 1986 to control a level crossing and has since been rebuilt at Staverton on the South Devon Railway.

The station master's house and some railwaymen's houses still stand at Athelney. The main station building was moved to Stoke St Gregory Playing field and is now the Cricket Pavillions.Fact|date=October 2008

Lyng Halt

An additional station was opened on the old Yeovil branch on 24 September 1928. It was a single platform with a wooden waiting hut situated on the north side of the line in a cutting near the villages of East Lyng and West Lyng. In closed on 15 June 1964.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castle Cary railway station — Infobox UK station name = Castle Cary code = CLC caption = The station viewed from the footbridge. All three platforms can be seen, with platform 1 to the right. The Weymouth line diverges to the left beyond the station. manager = First Great… …   Wikipedia

  • Langport and Castle Cary Railway — [v · d · …   Wikipedia

  • Joyce Cary — Joyce Arthur Cary (born Arthur Joyce Lunel Cary, December 7, 1888 – March 29, 1957) was an Irish novelist and artist. LifeArthur Joyce Lunel Cary was born in Derry, Ireland, December 7, 1888. His family had been landlords in Donegal since… …   Wikipedia

  • Reading to Plymouth Line — The Reading Plymouth line is the central part of the trunk railway line between London Paddington and Penzance railway stations in the southern United Kingdom. It is a major branch of the Great Western Main Line and diverges at Reading, running… …   Wikipedia

  • Somerton — For other uses, see Somerton (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°03′13″N 2°44′10″W / 51.0535°N 2.7361°W / 51.0535; 2.7361 …   Wikipedia

  • Cogload Junction — A train from London via Castle Cary travels west. Note the photograph, due to the telephoto lens, misleads the eye this junction has a speed limit of 100mph! Location Durston, Somer …   Wikipedia

  • Berks and Hants Railway — The Berks and Hants Railway consisted of two railway lines built by the Great Western Railway (GWR) in an attempt to keep the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) out of the area that it considered to be its territory in England.The two lines… …   Wikipedia

  • Frome railway station — Infobox UK station name = Frome code = FRO manager = First Great Western locale = Frome borough = Mendip, Somerset latitude = 51.2263 longitude = 2.3107 lowusage0405 = 92,126 lowusage0506 = 93,407 lowusage0607 = 100,067 platforms = 1 start =… …   Wikipedia

  • Plymouth Millbay railway station — was the original railway terminus in Plymouth, Devon, England. It was used for passenger trains from 1849 to 1941.HistoryThe South Devon Railway originally planned to bring its RailGauge|84 broad gauge railway from Exeter St Davids to the Eldad… …   Wikipedia

  • Bristol to Taunton Line — The Bristol to Taunton Line is a main line railway in England, which links the Great Western Main Line at Bristol Temple Meads to the London to Penzance Line at Taunton, Somerset. Passenger services are operated by First Great Western and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.