- A Call For Unity
"A Call For Unity" was a letter written on
April 12, 1963by eight white clergymen local to Birmingham, Alabamaand published in a local newspaper. The writers urged an end to the Negro demonstrations "directed and led in part by outsiders" that were taking place in the area at the time, recommending that Negroes engage in local negotiations and use the courts if rights are being denied.
The term "outsider" was a thinly veiled reference to
Martin Luther King, Jr., and King replied with his " Letter from Birmingham Jail," arguing that forceful civil action was indeed necessary.
The authors of "A Call For Unity" had written "
An Appeal for Law and Order and Common Sense" in January of the same year.
However, we are now confronted by a series of demonstrations by some of our Negro citizens, directed and led in part by outsiders. We recognize the natural impatience of people who feel that their hopes are slow in being realized. But we are convinced that these demonstrations are unwise and untimely.
We agree rather with certain local Negro leadership which has called for honest and open negotiation in our area. And we believe this kind of facing of issues can best be accomplished by citizens of our own metropolitan area, white and Negro, meeting with their knowledge and experience of the local situation. All of us need to face that responsibility and find proper channels for its accomplishment.
Just as we formerly pointed out that "hatred and violence have no sanction in our religious and political traditions," we also point out that such actions as incite to hatred and violence, however technically peaceful those actions may be, have not contributed to the resolution of our local problems. We do not believe that these days of new hope are days when extreme measures are justified in Birmingham.
We commend the community as a whole, and the local news media and law enforcement officials in particular, on the calm manner in which these demonstrations have been handled. We urge the public to continue to show restraint should the demonstrations continue, and the law enforcement officials to remain calm and continue to protect our city from violence.
We further strongly urge our own Negro community to withdraw support from these demonstrations, and to unite locally in working peacefully for a better Birmingham. When rights are consistently denied, a cause should be pressed in the courts and in negotiations among local leaders, and not in the streets. We appeal to both our white and Negro citizenry to observe the principles of law and order and common sense.
C. C. J. Carpenter, D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Alabama
* Joseph A. Durick, D.D., Auxiliary Bishop, Diocese of Mobile, Birmingham
Rabbi Milton L. Grafman, Temple Emanu-El, Birmingham, Alabama
Bishop Paul Hardin, Bishop of the Alabama-West Florida Conference
Bishop Nolan B. Harmon, Bishop of the North Alabama Conference of the Methodist Church
George M. Murray, D.D., LL.D., Bishop Coadjutor, Episcopal Diocese of Alabama
Edward V. Ramage, Moderator, Synod of the Alabama Presbyterian Church in the United States
Earl Stallings, Pastor, First Baptist Church, Birmingham, Alabama
* [http://www.silvertorch.com/mlkbirm.htm "A Call For Unity" and "Letter from Birmingham Jail"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Urgent Call for Unity — The Urgent Call for Unity (German: Dringender Appell für die Einheit) was an appeal by the Internationaler Sozialistischer Kampfbund (ISK) to defeat the Nazis. It was signed by nearly three dozen well known German scientists, authors and artists… … Wikipedia
call for — phr verb Call for is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑campaign, ↑congress, ↑Congressman, Congresswoman, ↑demonstration, ↑demonstrator, ↑document, ↑forecast, ↑manifesto, ↑occasion, ↑petition, ↑ … Collocations dictionary
unity — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ complete ▪ Complete political unity is impossible to achieve. ▪ greater ▪ essential, fundamental, underlying ▪ … Collocations dictionary
call — 1. verb 1) Wait for me! she called Syn: cry out, cry, shout, yell, hail, bellow, roar, bawl, vociferate; informal holler 2) I ll call you tomorrow Syn: phone, telephone … Thesaurus of popular words
call — 1. verb 1) Wait for me! she called Syn: cry out, shout, yell, sing out, chant, exclaim; informal holler 2) Mum called me in the morning Syn: wake (up), awaken, rouse; B … Synonyms and antonyms dictionary
Unity (game engine) — Infobox Software name = Unity caption = developer = Unity Technologies latest release version = 2.1 latest release date = July 24, 2008 operating system = Mac OS X (creation and deployment), Microsoft Windows (deployment only), Wii (deployment… … Wikipedia
Unity Mitford — Infobox Person name = Unity Mitford image size = caption = birth date = 8 August, 1914 birth place = London, United Kingdom death date = 28 May, 1948 (aged 34) death place = Oban, United Kingdom death cause = Meningitis parents = David Freeman… … Wikipedia
Unity (comics) — Articleissues copyedit=December 2007 or=December 2007 laundrylists=December 2007 in universe=December 2007 in universe cat= Unity was a company wide crossover story published by Valiant Comics in the summer of 1992.Overview Unity was a story that … Wikipedia
Unity of science — The unity of science is a thesis in philosophy of science that says that all the sciences form a unified whole. Even though, for example, physics and sociology are distinct disciplines, the thesis of the unity of science says that in principle… … Wikipedia
Song for Adam — is a song by Jackson Browne from this 1972 debut album Jackson Browne . On the surface it tells of the mournful memory of a long lost friend Jackson had known, who committed suicide. Though Adam was a friend of mine, he ... is the vocal motif.… … Wikipedia