Dewsbury (UK Parliament constituency)


Dewsbury (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 53°41′28″N 1°40′19″W / 53.691°N 1.672°W / 53.691; -1.672

Dewsbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Dewsbury in West Yorkshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 79,634 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Dewsbury and Mirfield
Current constituency
Created 1868 (1868)
Member of Parliament Simon Reevell (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Dewsbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It has normally elected Labour MPs since the 1940s, although it has usually been a marginal seat and was gained by the Conservatives at the 2010 election.

Contents

Boundaries

This constituency covers the towns of Dewsbury and Mirfield, and the surrounding areas.

For the 2010 General Election, Dewsbury lost the traditionally Labour-voting ward of Heckmondwike, but gained the more Conservative-inclined wards of Denby Dale and Kirkburton, which helped the Conservatives gain the seat.

Politics

The seat has a substantial Muslim population. Aside from 1983 and 2010, the seat had been won by Labour at each election since 1935, although sometimes by narrow margins. In the light of increasing concern of Muslim extremism, The Labour Party candidate Shahid Malik had enjoyed a fairly large public media profile after his victory in 2005 in various TV appearances and interviews, strongly denouncing believers and adherents of such views; however, this is also a strong area for the British National Party, who obtained their highest vote in Britain (13.1%) in the 2005 general election, much of it taken at the Labour Party's expense. They also have a substantial vote at local level where in 2006 for the first time in the UK the BNP polled more votes than any other political party. However, at the 2010 general election, the BNP's popularity in Dewsbury fell (despite a substantial nationwide rise in support for the party over the previous five years) as they gained a mere 6% of the vote.[2]

Members of Parliament

Election Member[3] Party
1868 Sir John Simon Liberal
1888 Mark Oldroyd Liberal
1902 Walter Runciman Liberal
1918 Emil William Pickering Coalition Conservative
1922 Benjamin Riley Labour
1923 Thomas Edmund Harvey Liberal
1924 Benjamin Riley Labour
1931 Walter Russell Rea Liberal
1935 Benjamin Riley Labour
1945 Will Paling Labour
1959 David Ginsburg Labour
1981 Social Democrat
1983 John Whitfield Conservative
1987 Ann Taylor Labour
2005 Shahid Malik Labour
2010 Simon Reevell Conservative

Elections

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 2010
Turnout: 54,008 (68.5%) +6.5
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,526 (2.8%) −9.2
Swing: 7.8% from Lab to Con
Simon Reevell Conservative 18,898 35.0 +6.0
Shahid Malik Labour 17,372 32.2 −9.5
Andrew Hutchinson Liberal Democrat 9,150 16.9 +3.3
Khizar Iqbal Independent 3,813 7.1 N/A
Roger Roberts BNP 3,265 6.0 −7.1
Adrian Cruden Green 849 1.6 +0.1
Michael Felse English Democrats 661 1.2 N/A
General election, May 2005
Turnout: 38,595 (62.0%) +3.2
Labour hold
Majority: 3,615 (12%) −8.3
Swing: 4.2% from Lab to Con
Shahid Malik Labour 15,807 41.0 −9.5
Sayeeda Warsi Conservative 11,192 29.0 −1.2
Kingsley Hill Liberal Democrat 5,624 14.6 +2.6
David Exley BNP 5,066 13.1 −5.2
Brenda Smithson Green 593 1.5 0.0
Alan Girvan Independent 313 0.8 N/A
General election, June 2001
Turnout: 36,651 (58.8%) −11.2
Labour hold
Majority: 7,449 (20.3%) +1.0
Swing: 0.5% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 18,524 50.5 +1.1
Robert Cole Conservative 11,075 30.2 +0.1
Ian Cuthbertson Liberal Democrat 4,382 12.0 +1.7
Russell Smith BNP 1,632 4.5 −0.7
Brenda Smithson Green 560 1.5 +0.6
David Peace UKIP 478 1.3 N/A
General election, May 1997
Turnout: 43,975 (70.0%) −10.2
Labour hold
Majority: 8,323 (19.3%) +18.2
Swing: 9.2% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 21,286 49.4 +5.6
Paul McCormick Conservative 12,963 30.1 −12.7
Kingsley Hill Liberal Democrat 4,422 10.3 −1.0
Frances Taylor BNP 2,232 5.2 +4.1
W Goff Referendum Party 1,019 2.4 N/A
D Daniel Independent Labour 770 1.8 N/A
I McCourtie Green 383 0.9 +0.1
General election, April 1992
Turnout: 58,402 (80.2%) +2.4
Labour hold
Majority: 634 (1.1%) +0.3
Swing: 0.2% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 25,596 43.8 +1.4
John Whitfield Conservative 24,962 42.7 +1.1
Robert Meadowcroft Liberal Democrat 6,570 11.3 N/A
Jane Birdwood BNP 660 1.1 N/A
Neil Denby Green 471 0.8 N/A
Janet Marsden Natural Law 146 0.3 N/A
General election, June 1987
Turnout: 55,798 (78.8%) +7.9
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 445 (0.8%) −4.1
Swing: 2.4% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 23,668 42.4 +7.1
John Whitfield Conservative 23,223 41.6 +2.3
Alan Mills Social Democrat 8,907 16.0 −9.3
General election, June 1983
Turnout: 51,573 (70.8%) −6.3
Conservative gain from Social Democrat
Majority: 2,086 (4.0%) −4.9
Swing: 6.5% from Lab to Con
John Whitfield Conservative 20,297 39.4 +1.6
D Ripley Labour 18,211 35.3 −11.4
David Ginsburg Social Democrat 13,065 25.3 N/A
General election, May 1979
Turnout: 48,857 (77.1%) +4.2
Labour hold
Majority: 4,381 (9.0%) −6.4
Swing: 3.2% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 22,829 46.7 +1.3
R Galley Conservative 18,448 37.8 +7.7
N Derbyshire Liberal 7,580 15.5 −9.0
General election, October 1974
Turnout: 44,846 (72.9%) −8.4
Labour hold
Majority: 6,901 (15.4%) +4.5
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 20,378 45.4 +3.0
M Wood Conservative 13,477 30.1 −1.6
A Allsop Liberal 10,991 24.5 −1.4
General election, February 1974
Turnout: 49,859 (81.8%) +7.2
Labour hold
Majority: 5,412 (10.9%) +0.8
Swing: 0.4% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 21,186 42.5 −6.3
I J Humphrey Conservative 15,774 31.6 −7.0
A Allsop Liberal 12,889 25.9 +13.2
General election, June 1970
Turnout: 45,171 (74.5%) −3.4
Labour hold
Majority: 4,547 (10.1%) −14.8
Swing: 7.4% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 22,015 48.7 −4.8
J M Stanfield Conservative 17,468 38.7 +9.9
A Allsop Liberal 5,688 12.6 −5.1
General election, March 1966
Turnout: 42,981 (77.9%) −1.6
Labour hold
Majority: 10,666 (24.8%) +10.7
Swing: 5.3% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 23,027 53.6 +5.2
D H Haynes Conservative 12,361 28.8 −5.4
A Allsop Liberal 7,593 17.7 +0.2
General election, October 1964
Turnout: 44,009 (79.5%) −3.2
Labour hold
Majority: 6,238 (14.2%) +6.1
Swing: 3.1% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 21,284 48.4 +2.4
B M Garden Conservative 15,046 34.2 −3.7
A Allsop Liberal 7,679 17.5 +1.2
General election, October 1959
Turnout: 45,392 (82.7%) +1.9
Labour hold
Majority: 3,669 (8.1%) −8.5
Swing: 4.3% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 20,870 46.0 −6.2
Marcus Fox Conservative 17,201 37.9 +2.4
J M McLusky Liberal 7,321 16.1 +3.8
General election, May 1955
Turnout: 44,671 (80.8%) −5
Labour hold
Majority: 7,417 (16.6%) −0.2
Swing: 0.2% from Lab to Con
Will Paling Labour 23.286 52.1 −1.1
M Shaw Conservative 15,869 35.5 −0.8
J M McLusky Liberal 5,516 12.4 +2.0

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1951: Dewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Will Paling 28,650 53.26 -0.36
Conservative J Ramsden 19,562 36.36 +3.34
Liberal J Snowden 5,584 10.38 -3
Majority 9,088 16.89 -3.69
Turnout 53,796 85.83 -2.09
Labour hold Swing 2.5
General Election 1950: Dewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Will Paling 28,650 53.60 -2.66
Conservative J. Ramsden 19,562 33.02 N/A
Liberal Granville Slack 5,584 13.38 -0.48
Majority 11,265 20.58 -5.80
Turnout 54,740 87.92 +7.62
Labour hold Swing 3.4

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Dewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Will Paling 16,330 56.26 +9.05
Liberal National E Kilner 8,674 29.88 N/A
Liberal T Banks 4,023 13.86 -9.41
Majority 7,656 26.38 +8.7
Turnout 29,027 80.3 -0.51
Labour hold Swing -4.7

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1935: Dewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Benjamin Riley 14,066 47.21 +10.89
National Labour J Fennell 8,798 29.53 N/A
Liberal Walter Russell Rea 6,933 23.27 -40.41
Majority 5,268 17.68 -9.68
Turnout 29,797 80.81 -3.42
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1931: Dewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Russell Rea 19,463 63.68
Labour Benjamin Riley 11,101 36.32
Majority 8,362 27.36
Turnout 30,564 84.23
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918: Dewsbury[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Emil William Pickering 7,853 42.3
Labour Benjamin Riley 5,596 30.1 N/A
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,130 27.6
Turnout
Coalition Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Dewsbury[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 7,061
Conservative E. O. Simpson 4,033
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Dewsbury[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 7,882
Conservative E. O. Simpson 4,747
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s

Dewsbury by-election, 1908[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,594
Conservative W. B. Boyd-Carpenter 4,078
Labour Ben Turner 2,446
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Dewsbury[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 6,764 54.8 +6.6
Conservative W. B. Boyd-Carpenter 2,954 24.0 -14.2
Labour Ben Turner 2,629 21.2 +7.6
Turnout 12,347 89 +1
Liberal hold Swing
Dewsbury by-election, 1902[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,660
Conservative J. Haley 4,512
Social Democratic Federation Harry Quelch 1,597
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Dewsbury[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 6,045
Conservative F. St J. Morrow 3,897
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1895: Dewsbury[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 5,379 52.1
Conservative H. S. Cautley 3,875 37.5
Ind. Labour Party Edward Hartley 1,080 10.4 N/A
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Dewsbury[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 5,759
Conservative H. S. Cautley 3,670
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s

Dewsbury by-election, 1888[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Simon 6,075 60.5
Liberal Unionist H. O. Arnold-Forster 3,969 39.5
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
1886: Dewsbury[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Simon 5,118 65.1
Conservative J. S. Colefax 2,759 34.9
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
1885: Dewsbury[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Simon 6,124
Conservative Joe Foz 3,664
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Dewsbury". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/b38.stm. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 2)
  4. ^ a b c d Christopher J. James, M.P. for Dewsbury, p.291
  5. ^ a b c d The Liberal Year Book (1917), p.231
  6. ^ a b c d The Constitutional Year Book 1908, p.189

Sources

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

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