Estadio Azteca


Estadio Azteca

Infobox Stadium
stadium_name = Estadio Azteca
nickname = "Coloso de Santa Ursula"


CONCACAF
location = Mexico City
coordinates =
broke_ground = 1961
opened = May 29, 1966
renovated = 1985
expanded =
closed =
demolished =
owner = Televisa
operator = Club América
surface = Grass
Constructor =
construction_cost = 260 million Mexican Peso
architect = Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
Rafael Mijares Alcérreca
former_names =
nicknames =
tenants = Club América
seating_capacity = 105,000 [ [http://www.esmas.com/estadioazteca/elestadio/infografia/301081.html Localización Estadio Azteca :: Infografía :: esmas ] ]
dimensions = 105 x 68 m

Estadio Azteca is a stadium in Mexico City, Mexico. It is the official home stadium of the Mexico national football team and the Mexican team Club América.

Estadio Azteca was the primary venue for association football at the 1968 Summer Olympics and is the only stadium ever to host two FIFA World Cup final matches, in 1970 and 1986. It also hosted the 1986 quarter-final between Argentina and England in which Diego Maradona scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century". The stadium also hosted the "Game of the Century", when Italy defeated Germany with scores of 4-3 in extra time. With a capacity of 105,000 (original capacity of 114,600), it is the fifth largest stadium in the world.

History

The opening game was between Club América and Torino F.C. on May 26, 1966, with seats for 107,494 spectators. The first goal was scored was by Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos Cruz and the second one by Brazilian José Alves "Zague", later the Italians tied the game and ended 2-2. Gustavo Diaz Ordaz President of Mexico made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous FIFA President was the witness.

A modern illumination system was inaugurated on June 5, 1966 with the first night game between Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the game was scored by Honduran José Cardona. In this game Roberto Martínez o Caña Brava scored the first goal made by a Mexican. The final score was 3-1 in favor of Valencia C.F.. There is a Commemorative plaque with the names of the first goal scorer in the first daylight match and in the first night game.

Estadio Azteca is also the site in which Pelé, and Diego Maradona (during the 1970 and 1986 FIFA World Cup), considered by many as the best football players of all time, lifted the trophy for the last time (The Jules Rimet Trophy and the current FIFA World Cup Trophy, respectively).

The stadium has also hosted international club tournaments such at the Copa InterAmericana and the Copa Libertadores de América. Estadio Azteca has also been used for musical performances throughout its history. Michael Jackson (in 1993) [cite web |title=Cronología Estadio Azteca|url=http://www.esmas.com/estadioazteca/quienes/|accessdate=2007-09-13] , U2 (in 2006), Elton John, Maná, Juan Gabriel, Luis Miguel, Gloria Estefan, Jaguares, Lenny Kravitz, Ana Gabriel, and The Three Tenors all have become part of the stadium's main spectacle. The stadium has also been used for political events, including Mexican president Felipe Calderón's campaign closure in 2006, as well as religious events, like the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999. [cite web |title=Pide Juan Pablo II "superar" deficiencias en el progreso social|url=http://www.jornada.unam.mx/1999/01/26/llama.html|accessdate=2007-10-12]

Notable events

Estadio Azteca has hosted to a variety of international sporting competitions, including:

*1968 Summer Olympics
*1970 FIFA World Cup
*1975 Pan American Games
*1983 FIFA World Youth Championship
*1986 FIFA World Cup
*1999 FIFA Confederations Cup
*2005 American Bowl

Access and entrance

It is served by the Azteca station on the Xochimilco Light Rail line. This line is an extension of the Mexico City metro system which begins at Metro Tasqueña station. Tickets are available, up to kick-off times, from the ticket office which is located at the front of the stadium, just down the exit ramps from the Azteca station. Tickets start from as little as 50 pesos (5 U.S. Dollars as of 2007). For bigger matches such as Club América's games against Chivas de Guadalajara, Cruz Azul and UNAM Pumas where sellouts are common, numerous touts circulate offering tickets at competitive prices.

Name and origin

The stadium is owned by Mexican TV consortium Televisa. In order to avoid people associating the stadium's name with that of its competition TV Azteca, Televisa officially changed the stadium's name to "Guillermo Cañedo", a top executive and long-time football advocate at Televisa. The change took place in early 1997, following Cañedo's death (January 20, 1997) [cite web
title = Mexican businessman Guillermo Cañedo died yesterday
url=http://www.jornada.unam.mx/1997/01/21/canedo.html
accessdate = 2007-09-13
] . However the change did not go well with the general population, who generally refused to refer to the stadium by its alleged new name. Following a schism where two of Cañedo's sons, who worked at Televisa, switched camps and went to TV Azteca, [cite web
last = Martínez
first = César
title = Cañedo Whites go to TV Azteca
url=http://www.jornada.unam.mx/1998/01/07/canedo.html
accessdate = 2007-09-13
] Televisa quietly returned the stadium's name to its original version. Some people did not even notice, as they usually referred to the stadium as "Azteca" (a tribute name to the Aztec heritage of Mexico City); during the name change.

The stadium has been given the nickname of "Coloso de Santa Ursula" which, in English, means "Colossus of Santa Ursula", due to its large structure. Santa Ursula refers to the part of town where the stadium resides in Mexico City.

Monuments and Memorials

A bronze plaque of Maradona's "Goal of the Century" was placed outside the stadium. In addition, a monument memorializes the "Game of the Century."

ee also

*List of football stadiums in Mexico

References

Further reading

* [http://fifaworldcup.yahoo.com/06/en/050110/1/2xdd.html "Magical memories live on in the vaunted Azteca"] - fifaworldcup.com - FIFA

External links

* [http://www.esmas.com/estadioazteca Official Site of the Estadio Azteca]


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