- Papal conclave, 1404
Papal conclave of October 10 to October 17, 1404 – the
papal conclaveof the time of the Great Western Schism, convened after the death of Pope Boniface IX, it elected Cardinal Cosimo Gentile Migliorati, who under the name of Innocent VIIbecame the third pope of the Roman Obedience.
Pope Boniface IX died on
October 1, 1404. At the time of his death, there were only 12 cardinals in the Roman Obedience of the Sacred College. Nine of them participated in the election of his successor:
All the electors were Italians. Five of them were elevated by
Pope Urban VI, and four by Boniface IX.
Three cardinals, two created by Urban VI and one by Boniface IX, did not participate in this conclave:
Hungarian d'Alsan was the only non-Italian Cardinal in the Roman Obedience.
The election of Pope Innocent VII
Several churchmen and laymen urged "Roman" Cardinals not to elect the successor of Boniface IX and to recognise Benedict XIII of Avignon as Pope (or, at least, to wait for his death and then elect the new pope together with his adherents). Among the supporters of this point of view was Cardinal Protodeacon
Ludovico Fieschi, who did not attend the conclave and later did not recognise its result.
In spite of this, nine cardinals present in
Romeentered the conclave on October 10. Initially, they subscribed the conclave capitulation, which obliged elect to do everything possible (including abdication) in order to restore the unity of the Church. After seven days of deliberations Cardinal CamerlengoCosimo Gentile Migliorati was unanimously elected pope and took the name of Innocent VII. Five days later Cardinal Fieschi officially abandoned the Roman Obedience [ [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1384.htm#Fieschi S. Miranda: Ludovico Fieschi] ] and recognised Benedict XIII as true pope, so the rite of papal coronationon November 11was performed by the new Protodeacon Landolfo Maramaldo[ [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1389.htm#Migliorati S. Miranda: Pope Innocent VII] ] .
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/conclave-xv.htm#1404 Salvador Miranda: List of participants of the papal conclave of 1404]
* [http://www.vaticanhistory.de/vh/html/innozenz_vii_.html Konklave 1404]
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