- I. M. Pei
name = Ieoh Ming Pei
nationality = American
birth_date = birth date and age|1917|4|26
birth_place = Guangzhou (Canton),
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
Bank of China Tower
Javits Convention Center
National Gallery of Art
awards = AIA Gold Medal
Ieoh Ming Pei (linktext|貝|聿|銘) (b.
April 26, 1917), commonly known by his initials I. M. Pei, is a Pritzker Prize-winning Chinese-born American architect, known as the last master of high modernist architecture. He works with the abstract form, using stone, concrete, glass, and steel. Pei is perhaps one of the most successful Asian architects of the 20th century, with his works built all over the world.
Early life and education
Pei was born in
Guangzhou, in Guangdong, Republic of Chinaon April 26, 1917, to a prominent family from Suzhou, Jiangsu. His family has lived in Suzhou since the 15th century. His father, a banker, was later the director of the Bank of Chinaand the governor of the Central Bank of China. His family later moved to Hong Kong, where he lived until he finished junior high school, and then moved to Shanghaiwhen his father took up the directorship of Bank of China in Shanghai. The Pei family's ancestral residence is in a renowned garden in Suzhou, now part of the World Heritage Sitelisted Classical Gardens of Suzhou. The house was called the Garden of the Lion Forest, and consisted of many rock sculptures carved naturally by water. Pei loved how the buildings and the nature were combined, and especially liked the way light and shadow mixed.
His first education was at
St. Paul's College(primary school), Hong Kongand then at Saint John's University (high school), Shanghaibefore moving to the United Statesto study architecture at the age of 18 at the University of Pennsylvania. He received a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technologyin 1940. He is a 1940 recipient of the Alpha Rho Chi Medal, the MIT Traveling Fellowship, and the AIA Gold Medal. He then studied at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Shortly after his studies there, he was a member of the National Defense Research Committeein Princeton, New Jersey. [http://www.netglimse.com/celebs/pages/i_m_pei/index.shtml I M Pei Biography, Bio, Profile, pictures, photos from Netglimse.com ] ]
In 1944, he returned to Harvard, studying under
Walter Gropius, who was previously associated with the Bauhaus. He received a Master's degree in Architecture in 1946. He was a member of the Harvard faculty subsequently attaining the rank of assistant professor. He received the Wheelwright Traveling Fellowship in 1951 and became a naturalized citizenof the United States in 1954. [ [http://www.pcfandp.com/a/f/fme/imp/b/b.html Official biography from Pei Cobb Freed & Partners website] ]
William Zeckendorfhired Pei to work at the real estate development corporation Webb and Knappin a newly created post, Director of Architecture. While at Webb and Knapp, Pei worked on many large-scale architectural and planning projects across the country and designed his buildings mostly in the manner of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. [cite web
url = http://www.pcf-p.com/a/f/fme/imp/b/b.html
title = I.M. Pei's biography page at the web site of his firm, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners ]
Pei founded his own architectural firm in 1955, which was originally known as I. M. Pei and Associates and, later, I. M. Pei & Partners until 1989 when it became known as
Pei Cobb Freed & Partnersrecognizing James Ingo Freedand Henry N. Cobb.
*1954–1959 — Mile High Center, in
Denver, Colorado, USA
ErieviewPlan Cleveland, Ohio
National Center for Atmospheric Research, in Boulder, Colorado, USA
Kips Bay Plaza, in New York, New York, USA [http://www.pcfandp.com/a/p/5705/s.html]
*1961 — Government Center Master Plan,
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Place Ville-Marie, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Kennedy Theatre, University of Hawaii, USA, [http://www.hawaii.edu/theatre/facilities/facilities.htm Official web page]
Hale Manoa Dormitory, East West Center, University of Hawaii, USA
Luce Memorial Chapel, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan
Society Hill Towers– Philadelphia, PA, [http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=118005 Unofficial website]
*1964 — Green Building,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communicationsat Syracuse University— Syracuse, New York
*1966–1968 — Sculpture Wing of the
Des Moines Art Centerin Des Moines, Iowa
** [http://www.desmoinesartcenter.org/visit/v_pei.html Official page of Pei's Sculpture Wing]
Silver Towersat New York University
*1967 — Hoffman Hall at
University of Southern California
*1968–1972 — 50 FAA air traffic control towers, in various locations throughout the
United States, such as O'Hare International Airport, Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Columbia Metropolitan Airport (South Carolina), and Indianapolis International Airport (since demolished).
*1968–1974 — Christian Science Center, in
Everson Museum of Art, in Syracuse, New York
Bushnell Tower, in Hartford, Connecticut, [http://www.bushnelltower.org Building website]
Cleo Rogers Memorial Library, in Columbus, Indiana
*1969 — Academic Center,
State University of New York at Fredonia, Fredonia, New York
Sundrome(National Airlines terminal) at JFK Airportin New York, New York
Harbor Towers, in Boston, Massachusetts
American Life Insurance Company Building (renamed Wilmington Tower), in Wilmington, Delaware
*1972 — Governor's Residence Halls at
Dallas City Hall, Dallas, Texas
Paul Mellon Arts Centerat Choate Rosemary Hallin Wallingford, Connecticut
*1972 — Pei Residence Halls at
New College of Florida, Sarasota, Florida
*1973 — Commerce Court West in
Spelman Hallsat Princeton University
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York
*1974–1978 — East Building,
National Gallery of Art, in Washington, DC[ [http://www.nga.gov/collection/eastarch1.shtm Pei's audio tour of the East Building addition to the National Gallery of Art] ]
** [http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/20th_intro.htm Official East Building project webpage]
OCBC Centrein Singapore.
*1975 — The Lamar Building Penthouse in
National Bank of Commercebuilding, in Lincoln, Nebraska[http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/linpei/linpei.html]
John Hancock Tower, in Boston, Massachusetts— "Pei gives Henry Cobb the credit for [http://www.pcf-p.com/a/p/6710/s.html this building] "
University of Rochester's [http://www.rochester.edu/maps/wilson/ Wilson Commons]
Indiana University Art Museumin Bloomington, Indiana
John F. Kennedy Library, in Boston, Massachusetts[ [http://forum.wgbh.org/wgbh/forum.php?lecture_id=1655 Conversation with I.M. Pei about JFK Museum, Boston - with Robert Campbell, critic, Boston Globe (audio/video stream)] ]
One Dallas Centre, in Dallas, Texas[ [http://www.dallasarchitecture.info/onedalc.htm Dallas Architecture Information] ]
Baltimore World Trade Center, in Baltimore, Maryland
Javits Convention Centerin New York, New York
Raffles Cityin Singapore.
*1981 — the Texas Commerce Tower in
Houston, Texas, currently the JPMorgan Chase Tower; ( 3D/Internationalcooperated with Pei on the design of this building). The nearby drive-in bank was Pei's first drive in bank project.
16th Street Mallin Denver, Colorado.
*1982–1990 — Bank of China Tower, in
** [http://www.designboom.com/portrait/pei_bank.html Bank of China Tower project website]
Apartmentfor Steve Jobs
ARCO Tower, Dallas, Texas
Wiesner building, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Fountain Place, Dallas, Texas
*1987 — CenTrust Tower (now Bank of America Tower),
IBM Somers Office Complex, Somers, NY
Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Centerin Dallas, Texas
*1989 — Carl C. Icahn Center for Science at
Choate Rosemary Hallin Wallingford, Connecticut
*1989 — Headquarters for
Creative Artists Agency, Los Angeles, California
*1989 — Pyramids of the Louvre, in
Paris, Francewith Peter Rice
** [http://www.GreatBuildings.com/buildings/Pyramide_du_Louvre.html Pyramide du Louvre website] . (See also:
La Pyramide Inversée.)
The Gateway, Singapore
The Kirklin Clinicof the University of Alabama at BirminghamHealth System, Birmingham, Alabama
Four Seasons Hotel New York, New York City, New York
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in Cleveland, Ohio
Miho Museum, Shiga, Japan
** [http://www.miho.or.jp/english/index.htm Official museum website]
** [http://www.miho.or.jp/english/architec/architec.htm Official information on the architecture]
*1999–2006 — Musée d'Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, in
Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
** [http://www.mudam.lu Official museum website] The Folly at Oare House in England
Dexter the Jack Russel's Ears, Pershore, UK
Essensa East Forbes, Fort Bonifacio, Philippines
Friend Center for Engineering, at Princeton University.
Tour EDF, La Défense, France
*2003 — extension building to the
Deutsches Historisches Museum("German history museum"), in Berlin, Germany.
Torre Espacio, Madrid, Spain
Ferguson Center for the Performing Artsat Christopher Newport Universityin Newport News, Virginia.
*2005 — [http://www.pcf-p.com/a/p/0007/s.html Bossone Research Enterprise Center] at
Drexel Universityin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Martha Stewart Center for Livingat Mount Sinai Hospital in Manhattan(currently under construction).
*2006 — Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, Washington D.C.(Official opening on July 29, 2008).
*2002–2006 — New wing of
Suzhou Museum, in Suzhou, China
*2004–2007 — Museum of Islamic Arts in
*2002–2008 — Ronald Reagan
UCLA Medical Centerin Los Angeles, CA
** [http://www.ucmt.org/westwood/html/about/index.shtml Project website]
NASCAR Hall of Fame, Charlotte, North Carolina.
2007 — time-lapse video of the construction of [http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/530695/ Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center] .
I.M. Pei is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects and a Corporate Member of the Royal Institute of British Architects. He has also been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Design, and the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. In 1975 he was elected to the American Academy, which is restricted to a lifetime membership of fifty members. In 1978, he became Chancellor of the American Academy, the first architect to hold that position. He served until 1980. Mr. Pei was inducted a "Membre de l'Institut de France" in 1984, and decorated by the French government as a Commandeur in the "Ordre des Arts et des Lettres" in 1985. On July 4, 1986, he was one of twelve naturalized American citizens to receive the Medal of Liberty from President Ronald Reagan. Two years later French president François Mitterrand inducted I. M. Pei as a Chevalier in the Légion d'Honneur In November 1993 he was raised to Officier. Also in 1993 he was elected an Honorary Academician of the Royal Academy of Arts in London. In 1997 the Académie d'Architecture de France elected him Foreign Member. [http://www.pcf-p.com/a/f/fme/imp/b/b.html]
Family and later life
In 1990, Pei retired from his firm but still maintains an office there. He has 4 children, 2 of them architects. He has two sons, Chien Chung (Didi) Pei and Li Chung (Sandi) Pei, who have their own firm. I. M. Pei participated in design work with his sons' firm, Pei Partnership Architects in 1992. [http://www.ppa-ny.com/pdf/heraldtribune.pdf]
Gero von Boehm, "Conversations with I.M. Pei: "Light is the Key" " ISBN 3-7913-2176-5
Michael Cannell, "I.M. Pei : Mandarin of Modernism" ISBN 0-517-79972-3 ( [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/books/chap1/im_pei.htm Excerpt] )
Carter Wiseman, "I. M. Pei: A Profile in American Architecture" ISBN 0-8109-3477-9
* [http://www.pcfandp.com/ Pei Cobb Freed & Partners website]
* [http://archrecord.construction.com/people/interviews/archives/0406IMPei-1.asp Interview with I.M. Pei (June 2004)]
* [http://www.nyc-architecture.com/ARCH/ARCH-PeiCobbFried.htm New York Architecture Images- Pei, Cobb, Freed]
* [http://www.pritzkerprize.com/pei.htm Pritzker Prize biography, Photo Gallery, and Acceptance Speech]
* [http://www.worldofbiography.com/9172-I%20M%20Pei/life.asp Biography] (World of Biography)
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Pei Wenzhong — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pei Wenzhong, Zhoukoudian, 1929 Pei Wenzhong (chino: 裴文中, inglés W. C. Pei, 5 de marzo 1904 – 18 de septiembre 1982) fue un paleontólogo, arqueólogo y antropólogo chino … Wikipedia Español
Pei — or Pei may refer to: Places Prince Edward Island, a province of Canada Pei, Tibet, a town in Tibet Pei County (沛县), a county in Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China People I. M. Pei (貝聿銘) (born 1917), a Chinese American architect Mario Pei (1901–1978), an… … Wikipedia