Chekiang Province, Republic of China


Chekiang Province, Republic of China
浙江省 (1912–1955)
Chekiang Province (1912–1955)
Zhejiang ROC.jpg

Chekiang Province of the Republic of China.

Capital Tachen Islands
Area 17 km²
Population (1954) 1700
County 7 counties (1951)
4 counties and 2 administrative regions (1954)[1]

Chekiang Province, Republic of China (1912–1955) was abolished after the Republic of China Army, Republic of China government officials and local residents were evacuated from Tachen to Taiwan in 1955 following the ROC's military defeat to People's Liberation Army forces during the Battle of Dachen Archipelago, and today all of its former territory is administered within Zhejiang Province of the PRC.[2]

After the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government lost its control in Mainland China and only held several east coast islands off Mainland Chekiang Province, including Tachen, Ichiangshan, Pishan, Taumenshan, Yüshan and Nanji.[3] The county governments withdrawn to the islands from the mainland included seven counties, namely Wenling, Linhai, Huangyan, Pinyang, Sanmen, Leqing and Yuhuan. Chiang Kai-shek, the late President of the Republic of China, appointed Hu Zongnan, the general of the ROC Armed Forces, to establish the "Government of Chekiang Province" on the Dachen Islands on September 1951. Its purpose was to fight against the mainland which was controlled by the Communist Party of China.

In 1952, the Chekiang Government reorganized the seven counties into four counties, which were Wenling, Linhai, Pinyang and Yuhuan. Sanmen county was reorganised as "Yushan Administrative Bureau", and "Zhuyu Administrative Bureau" was also established. These administrative bureaus were originally intended to be used as the "special region" for direct economic trading with Mainland China, however they were abolished one year later.

In 1953, the Chekiang Government office moved to Taiwan.

In 1955, the People's Liberation Army conquered Yijiangshan Island during the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands. The Republic of China evacuated the military garrison and civil residents from Dachen and Nanji to the island of Taiwan with the assistance of the United States Seventh Fleet. The Chekiang Government in Taiwan was abolished soon afterwards, and the People's Republic of China successfully occupied the offshore islands, establishing control over the whole of Zhejiang Province.[4][5]

References

See also

Coordinates: 29°00′N 120°00′E / 29°N 120°E / 29; 120


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