Prince-Provost


Prince-Provost

Prince-Provost is a rare title for a monastic superior with the ecclestiastical style of provost who is a Prince of the Church in the sense that he also ranks as a secular 'prince' ("lato sensu": ruler), notably a Reichsfurst of the Holy Roman Empire, as in each case treated below.

Berchtesgaden

The provost of the Augustinian (Catholic) abbey, known as Stift Berchtesgaden since its foundation in 1108, enjoyed the rank of Prince of the Empire in chief of the small lordship since 1491. The full style of the office became "Fürst, Pröpste, und Herr zu Berchtesgaden". In 1803 it was annexed to Salzburg

Incumbents

(incomplete)
*1688 - 12 November 1723 Johann Clemens von Bayern (b. 1671 - d. 1723)
*12 November 1723 - 1728 (Vacant)
*1728 - 1732 Julius Heinrich von Rehlingen-Radau
*1732 - 1752 Cajetan Anton von Notthaft
*1752 - 1768 Michael Balthasar von Christallnigg
*1768 - 1780 Franz Anton Joseph von Hausen-Gleichenstorff
*1780 - 1803 Joseph Konrad von Schroffenberg

Elchingen

Reichsäbte und Pröpste zu Elchingen ('imperial abbot and provost') was the full title of their counterparts in the Benedictine abbey known as Stift Elchingen (founded in 1128). On 27 April 1803 it was annexed to the kingdom of Bavaria. Only its status of principality (but now as a secular duchy) was nominally revived from 6 June 1808 till October 1813 for the Napoleonic marshall Michel Ney (from 25 March 1813, styled prince de la Moskova) (b. 1769 - d. 1815)

Incumbents

(incomplete?)
*1685 - 1706 Meinrad Hummel
*1706 - 1740 Coelestin Riederer
*1740 - 1763 Amandus Schindele
*1763 - 1766 Gregor Pfeifer
*1766 - 1793 Robert I Kolb
*1793 - 1801 Paul II Groebl
*1801 - 1803 Robert II Plersch

Ellwangen

The Abbots of the Benedictine Abbey known as Stift Ellwangen (founded in 764) became princes of the Empire (style Reichsabt) in 1215. Since its conversion into a college of secular canons in 1460, the full style of its superiors changed to "Fürstliche Pröpste zu Ellwangen" ('princely provosts of E.).

On 27 April 1803 it was incorporated into Württemberg.

Incumbents

(incomplete)
*22 August 1689 - 4 May 1694 Ludwig Anton Pflazgraf bei Rhein (b. 1660 - d. 1694)
*8 June 1694 - 18 April 1732 Franz Ludwig Pflazgraf bei Rhein (b. 1664 - d. 1732)
*1732 - 18 January 1756 Franz Georg Graf von Schönborn-Buchheim (b. 1682 - d. 1756)
*1756 - 1787 Anton Ignaz Joseph Graf von Fugger-Glött
*1787 - 1803 Clemens Wenzeslaus von Sachsen (b. 1739 - d. 1812)

ources

* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/German_States1.html WorldStatesmen- German States before 1918 A-E]


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