Rhizopus


Rhizopus

Rhizopus is very interesting to watch grow.

Taxobox | name = "Rhizopus
regnum = Fungi
divisio = Zygomycota
classis = Zygomycetes
ordo = Mucorales
familia = Mucoraceae
genus = "Rhizopus"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Rhizopus arrhizus"
"Rhizopus azygosporus"
"Rhizopus microsporus"
"Rhizopus nigricans"
"Rhizopus oligosporus"
"Rhizopus oryzae"
"Rhizopus schipperae"
"Rhizopus sexualis"
"Rhizopus stolonifer"
and others
"Rhizopus" is a genus of molds that includes cosmopolitan filamentous fungi found in soil, decaying fruit and vegetables, animal feces, and old bread.

"Rhizopus" species produce both asexual and sexual spores. The asexual sporangiospores are produced inside a pinhead-like structure, the sporangium, and are genetically identical to their parent. In "Rhizopus", the sporangia are supported by a large apophysate columella, and the sporangiophores arise among distinctive rhizoids. Dark zygospores are produced after two compatible mycelia fuse during sexual reproduction. They give rise to colonies that may be genetically different from their parents.

Some "Rhizopus" species are opportunistic agents of human zygomycosis. They may cause serious (and often fatal) infections in humans and animals because of their rapid growth rate and growth at relatively high temperatures. Some species are plant pathogens. Two are used in food fermentation: "Rhizopus oligosporus", is used in the production of tempeh, a fermented food derived from soybeans; "R. oryzae" is used in the production of alcoholic beverages in parts of Asia and Africa.

ee also

*Mucormycosis

External links

* [http://www.doctorfungus.org/thefungi/rhizopus.htm Rhizopus] at DoctorFungus.org
* [http://zygomycetes.org/index.php?id=70 Rhizopus] at Zygomycetes.org
* [http://www.tempeh.idv.tw/t-ch%20mold.html Photos of "Rhizopus spp." used for tempeh-making] at www.tempeh.idv.tw


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rhizopus — Struktur von Rhizopus spp. Schemazeichnung Systematik Reich: Fungi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rhizopus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rhizopus es un género de mohos que incluyen especies cosmopolitas de hongos filamentosos hallados en el suelo, degradando frutos y vegetales, heces animales, y residuos. Las especies de Rhizopus producen esporos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • rhizopus — [rī′zəpəs] n. 〚ModL /span> RHIZO + Gr pous,FOOT〛 any of a genus (Rhizopus) of fungi, including the common bread mold and other species that cause various rots * * * rhi·zo·pus (rīʹzō pəs, zə ) n. Any of various rot causing fungi of the genus …   Universalium

  • rhizopus — ● rhizopus nom masculin Champignon (ordre des mucorales) tel que l agent de la pourriture des fraises et la moisissure blanche du pain humide. rhizopus [ʀizɔpys] n. m. invar. ÉTYM. XXe; lat. sav., de rhizo , et pus, du grec pous, podos « pied ».… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • rhizopus — [rī′zəpəs] n. [ModL < RHIZO + Gr pous,FOOT] any of a genus (Rhizopus) of fungi, including the common bread mold and other species that cause various rots …   English World dictionary

  • Rhizopus — género de hongos que incluye algunas especies identificadas como causa de zigomicosis en seres humanos. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Rhizopus — Rhizopus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • rhizopus — noun any of various rot causing fungi of the genus Rhizopus • Hypernyms: ↑mold, ↑mould • Hyponyms: ↑bread mold, ↑Rhizopus nigricans • Member Holonyms: ↑genus Rhizopus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rhizopus — A genus of fungi (class Zygomycetes, family Mucoraceae); some species cause mucormycosis in humans. * * * rhi·zo·pus rī zə pəs n 1) cap a genu …   Medical dictionary

  • rhizopus — noun Etymology: New Latin, from rhiz + Greek pous foot more at foot Date: 1887 any of a genus (Rhizopus) of mold fungi including some economically valuable forms and some plant or animal pathogens (as a bread mold) …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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