- Pedro Guzman
Pedro Guzman (also Peter Guzman) is a
United States citizenwho was erroneously and illegally deported to Mexicoby the Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) in May 2007"Lawsuit filed for man who was illegally deported to Mexico" [http://www.wavenewspapers.com/default.asp?sdetail=7113 LA Wave] ] . He spent 85 days"ACLU sues U.S., county agencies for wrongfully deporting citizen" [http://www.mercurynews.com/crime/ci_8390857 Mercury News / AP] ] in Mexico before successfully returning to the United States and his family. He is currently involved in a lawsuit filed on February 27, 2008against the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Departmentand ICE.
Sometime prior to 2008, Guzman was arrested for
trespassingin a Lancaster airport, where he attempted to board a private airplane, and was subsequently sentenced to 120 days in a Los Angeles Countyjail (later reduced to 40 days). During custody, a sheriff's department employee erroneously reported him to the ICE as a non-citizen, despite both departmental records and a statement Guzman made at booking identifying him as a US citizen.
Once transferred to ICE custody, Guzman signed a document agreeing to a voluntary deportation to Mexico. ICE officials claimed that Guzman "repeatedly told ICE officers and Customs and Border Patrol officials and others that he was born in Mexico"."Suit filed over disabled U.S. citizen's deportation ordeal" [http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-me-guzman28feb28,1,5936533.story LA Times] ] He was then transferred to
Tijuana, Baja California, and given $3 to survive with. Using a borrowed cell phone, Guzman made a call to his family explaining his deportation, but the call was disconnected.
Guzman then spent nearly three months in Mexico, destitute. He ate out of dumpsters, bathed in rivers, and slept outdoors."Lawsuit filed over man deported and lost in Mexico" [http://www.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idUSN2747919120080227 Reuters] ] . In June 2007, while Guzman was still in Mexico, his family filed a lawsuit to attempt to force the US government to aid in their search for him. The suit was unsuccessful"Pedro Guzman Still Missing as Family Seeks His Safe Return" [http://www.aclu.org/immigrants/gen/32485prs20070618.html ACLU] ] and Guzman's mother, Maria Carbajal, proceeded to search for him herself. She traveled to Tijuana and spent several days in the area looking for him, cooking for workers in a banana warehouse in exchange for shelter in a back room there. He tried to cross the US-Mexico border several times, but was turned away each time. Guzman was eventually found near the
Calexico, Californiaborder crossing in August 2007 and reunited with his family.
Upon his return, Guzman (represented by law firm
Morrison & Foerster) filed a separate lawsuit in conjunction with the American Civil Liberties Union(ACLU) alleging racial discrimination and violations of Guzman's constitutional rights."Deported citizen suing 2 agencies" [http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/mexico/tijuana/20080302-9999-1m2deport.html Sign On San Diego] ] An ICE statement claimed that Guzman's case was "one-of-a-kind". In a House of Representatives subcommittee hearing, Deputy Director Gary E. Mead of the Office of Detention and Removal Operations at ICE said that out of roughly 280,000 people deported in 2007, "only one was a US citizen"."House members grill ICE over Guzman case" [http://www.ocregister.com/news/guzman-mead-testimony-1979966-rosenbloom-removal OC Register] ] The ACLU, however, claimed "ICE lacks even rudimentary safeguards against erroneous determinations.""ACLU Demands ICE End Illegal Deportation of U.S. Citizens" [http://www.aclu.org/immigrants/gen/34108prs20080213.html ACLU] ] Mead said the ICE is "reviewing its policies and procedures to determine if even greater safeguards can be put in place to prevent the rare instance where this event occurs" and that the process will be completed by May 13, 2008(90 days from the February 13hearing).
Guzman "received no assistance from ICE agents -- or anyone else -- in attempting to read or understand" the voluntary release document that he signed. In the United States, detainees held on immigrations violations do not have a 6th Amendment right to counsel."Feds admit mistakenly jailing citizens as illegal immigrants" [http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/nation/5540262.html Houston Chronicle] ]
Guzman has been alleged to be mentally ill and/or developmentally disabled. During custody in LA County, he was given prescription anti-psychotic medications for "hearing voices". He reads and writes at a 2nd-grade level and has trouble remembering information, like his personal phone numbers."ACLU Files Suit Over Disabled U.S. Citizen's Wrongful Deportation" [http://www.kpbs.org/news/local;id=11016 KPBS] ] Carbajal was quoted as saying, in Spanish, "Sometimes [Guzman] disconnects from reality. He was like that before, but he's worse now."
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
* [http://judiciary.house.gov/Oversight.aspx?ID=410 House of Representatives Subcommittee Hearing on Problems with ICE Interrogation, Detention, and Removal Procedures] - includes testimonies of individuals involved in legal situations surrounding Guzman's case.
** [http://www.aclu.org/immigrants/detention/34251leg20080213.html ACLU Testimony for same subcomittee]
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