- Ruston (engine builder)
Infobox Defunct company
company_name = Ruston, Proctor and Company
company_type = private
fate = Merger
Predecessor = Proctor and Burton
successor = Ruston & Hornsby
foundation = 1857 (1840)
defunct = 1918
location = Lincoln,
Engines, Locomotives, Steam Engines, Turbines
Ruston was an industrial equipment manufacturer in Lincoln,
England, the company's history going back to 1840. The company is best known as a manufacturer of narrow and standard gauge diesel locomotives and also of steam shovels. Other products included cars, steam locomotivesand a range of internal combustionengines, and later gas turbines. The company is now part of the Siemensgroup of Germany.
The original company was Proctor and Burton established in 1840, operating as millwrights and engineers. They became Ruston, Proctor and Company in 1857 when Joseph Ruston joined them, acquiring limited liability status in 1899. From 1866 they built a number of four and six-coupled
tank locomotives, one of which was sent to the Paris Exhibition in 1867. In 1868 they built five 0-6-0tank engines for the Great Eastern Railwayto the design of Samuel W. Johnson. Three of these were converted to crane tanks, two of which lasted until 1952, aged eighty-four. Among the company's output were sixteen for Argentinaand some for T. A. Walker, the contractor building the Manchester Ship Canal.
World War I, Ruston switched to assist the war effort, producing tanks (such as the Matilda tank) and also aircraft, notably a large number of Sopwith Camels.
Ruston & Hornsby
On 11 September 1918, the company amalgamated with
Richard Hornsby & Sonsof Grantham to become Ruston and Hornsby Ltd. Hornsby was the world leader in vaporizing oil engines, building them since 1891, a full eight years before Rudolph Diesel's engine was produced commercially.
The firm were builders of
steam enginesand portable steam engines for many years, mainly for the agricultural market.
The Ruston-Hornsby car
World War Ithe company attempted to diversify and one outcome was the Ruston-Hornsby car. Two versions were made, a 15.9 hp with a Dorman 2614 cc engine and a larger 20hp model with 3308 cc engine of their own manufacture. The cars were however very heavy, being built on a 9-inch chassisClarifyme|date=September 2008 , and extremely expensive - the cheapest was around £440 and the most expensive nearly £1000, and within a few years other makers were selling similar vehicles that weighed only 3/4 ton and cost around £120 - £200, and never reached the hoped for production volumes. About 1500 were made between 1919 and 1924.
Diesels and gas turbines
Ruston & Hornsby was a major producer of small and medium
diesel engines for land and marine applications. They began to build diesel locomotivesin 1931 (and continued up until 1967). It was a pioneer and major developer in the industrial application of small (up to 10000kW) heavy duty gas turbinesfrom the 1950s onwards.
The company closed its Grantham factory in 1963. The company progressively became part of the General Electric Company of UK ('GEC', not to be confused with the US firm
General Electric(GE)) in 1967, of GEC-Alsthom in 1989, of Alstomin 1998 and latterly of Siemensin 2003. Its gas turbines are still manufactured in the Ruston Works in Lincoln and widely used around the world.
Technically, Ruston & Hornsby Ltd existed at the
Vulcan Foundryin Newton-le-Willowsin Merseysideuntil 2002, which was known as Ruston Diesels. It was taken over by MAN B&W DieselAG on June 12th 2000.
Rustons in its various incarnations was always an engine producer, rather than a machine producer, and it is a true observation that they simply produced machines in order to sell engines.Fact|date=September 2008
Heritage railwayswith Ruston locomotives include :
Blenheim Riverside Railway
Helston Railway Diesel Group
*Leighton Buzzard Narrow Gauge Railway
Mid-Suffolk Light Railway
Moseley Railway Trust
Pleasant Point Museum and Railway
Welsh Highland Railway
Richard Hornsby & Sons
Vaporizing oil engine
* [http://www.steam-up.co.uk/ruston/ruston.htm Ruston & Hornsby steam engines]
* [http://www.djr12ecg.demon.co.uk/ruston History of the diesel engines and locomotives]
* [http://www.oldengine.org/members/ruston/front.htm Ray Hooley's history of Ruston & Hornsby]
* [http://www.enginemuseum.org/vfindex.html Vulcan Works at Newton-le-Willows]
* [http://www.n-le-w.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=37&Itemid=27 Http://newton-le-willows.com : Timeline of diesel engine manufacture]
* [http://www.pmmmg.org/48dl.htm Restoration of a 48DL at the Purbeck Mineral & Mining Museum]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ruston, Proctor and Company — was established in Lincoln, England in 1857, and were manufactures of steam tractors and engines. They later became Rustons then Ruston Hornsby.HistoryThe firm started as millwrights and implement manufacturers Burton Proctor in Lincoln in 1840.… … Wikipedia
Richard Hornsby & Sons — Infobox Defunct company company name = Richard Hornsby Sons company slogan = company type = Private fate = Taken over Predecessor = successor = Ruston Proctor foundation = 1828 defunct = 1918 location = Grantham, Lincolnshire industry =… … Wikipedia
Alstom Prima diesel locomotives — Prima An Alstom Prima locomotive in Chemins de Fer Syriens livery, Syria Power type Diesel Builder Alstom with en … Wikipedia
British Rail Class 47 — Brush Type 4 British Rail Class 47 Two Class 47s, Nos. 47424 and 47607, at Bangor station with a passenger train in 1987 Power type Diesel electric Builder Brush Traction … Wikipedia
British Rail Class 60 — Infobox Locomotive name = British Rail Class 60 powertype = Diesel electric caption = EWS 60068 passing through Castleton East Junction. roadnumber = 60001 60015, 60017 60100, 60500 totalproduction = 100 builder = Brush Traction builddate =… … Wikipedia
Paxman (engines) — Paxman is a major British brand of diesel engines. Ownership has changed on a number of occasions since the company s formation in 1865, and now the brand is owned by MAN SE, as part of MAN Diesel Turbo. At its peak, the Paxman works covered 23… … Wikipedia
Lincoln, Lincolnshire — Infobox UK district name = City of Lincoln location map|United Kingdom label= position=center width=115 lat= 53.232 long= 0.538 caption= float= status = City region = East Midlands admincounty = Lincolnshire area = Ranked 328th 35.69 km² adminhq … Wikipedia
British Rail Class 07 — D2991 at Eastleigh Works in the 1970s. Still in service at the Works in 2008. Power type Diesel electric Builder Ruston Hornsby Se … Wikipedia
Lincoln, England — City of Lincoln City Borough Castle Square, Lincoln … Wikipedia
British Rail Class 56 — Infobox Locomotive name = British Rail Class 56 powertype = Diesel electric caption = Electroputere built 56006 at Doncaster in 2003 painted in rail blue livery roadnumber = 56001–56135 totalproduction = 135 builder = Electroputere (56001–56030)… … Wikipedia