Black Papers


Black Papers

The Black Papers were a series of pamphlets on education, their name being a contrast to government White Papers.

According to the "Critical Quarterly" website the Black Papers were:

"...an attack on the excesses of progressive education and the introduction by the Labour Party of a system of 11-18 comprehensives to replace the grammar school...the furore it created led to the publication of four more pamphlets. Contributors included Kingsley Amis, Robert Conquest, Geoffrey Bantock, Jacques Barzun, Iris Murdoch and Rhodes Boyson. The Black Papers were not opposed in principal to progressive education, only to its excesses, which were rampant in British schools in the 1960s and 1970s. They criticised selection for grammar schools at the age of eleven and advocated it should be delayed until children were at least thirteen years of age. They criticised the student sit-ins which were damaging the reputation of British universities...The editors became leaders in a national campaign; today the Black Paper proposals for schools by and large are accepted by both the Conservative and Labour Parties in Britain." [ [http://www.criticalquarterly.com/history.asp Critical Quarterly - History ] ]

The first Black Paper was published in March 1969 by Charles Brian Cox and Anthony Edward Dyson, titled "Fight for Education". The second Black Paper was "Crisis in Education", edited by Cox.

The Labour Secretary of State for Education Edward Short said in a speech to the National Union of Teachers in 1969:

"In my view the publication of the Black Paper was one of the blackest days for education in the past century". [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/comp.shtml BBC Radio 4, "Comp", programme three: 'The Blackest Day?'] ]

Nearly forty years later Short said of them: "These were scurrilous documents; quite disgraceful". [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/comp.shtml BBC Radio 4, "Comp", programme three: 'The Blackest Day?'] ]

ee also

*Debates on the grammar school

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black and Yellow — Wiz Khalifa Veröffentlichung 14. September 2010 Länge 3:37 Genre(s) Hip Hop Autor(en) Cameron Thomaz, Mikkel S …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Black and Yellow — «Black and Yellow» Сингл Wiz Khalifa …   Википедия

  • Black Turmeric — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Black supremacy — is a racist [ [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/racist The word racist hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.] ] ideology based on the assertion that black people are superior to other racial groups.NatureIn Killing Rage:… …   Wikipedia

  • Black July — is the commonly used name for the pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23 1983. It is estimated that at least 1,000cite web title=President Kumaratunga s speech on the 21st Anniversary of Black July… …   Wikipedia

  • Black Forest Group — Black Forest Group, formed July 1992, at Bad Liebenzell, near Stuttgart, in the region of Germany known as the Black Forest and is today a global Information Technology (IT) consortium for standards and usage. Voting members are users from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Black-footed ferret — Conservation status Endangered ( …   Wikipedia

  • Black Drongo — Juvenile bird in Calcutta with some brown and white feathers. Note the white rictal spot at the base of the beak. Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Black Sea Fleet — sleeve ensign Navies of Russia Imperial Russia …   Wikipedia

  • Black book — or Black Book may refer to:In history: *The Black Book, the list of people to be arrested by the Gestapo following a planned Nazi invasion of Britain in the Second World War *Black Book (World War II), a compilation of documentary reports about… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.