The Astures were the original Indo-European inhabitants of the northwest area of Hispania that now comprises almost the entire modern autonomous community of Asturias and the modern provinces León, and northern Zamora (all in Spain), and west of Trás os Montes in Portugal. The name was used until the foundation of the Kingdom of Asturias.Along with their fellow neighbours Gallaeci Lucenses and Braccarenses (see Gallaecia) they spoke a Q-Celtic tongue.Fact|date=May 2007 Most of their peoples, like the Lugones, worshipped the Celtic god Lugh, and references to other Celtic deities like Taranis or Belenos still remain in the toponomy of the places inhabited by the Astures. Other scholars believe they were related to Ligures.

From the Roman point-of-view, expressed in the brief remarks of the historians Florus, epitomising Livy, and Orosius, there were two different factions within the Astures, following the natural division made by the alpine karst mountains of the Picos de Europa: "Transmontani" (located in the modern Asturias, "beyond" and north of the Picos de Europa) and "Cismontani" (located on the "near" side in the modern area of León). The Transmontani tribes were mainly located between the Navia River and the central massif of the Picos de Europa and the Cismontani surrounded Asturica Augusta, the main Astur town in Roman times, and the "Astura" river (the modern Esla).

Some of the known transmontani astur peoples are: "Lugones", "Pesicos", "Cilurnigos", "Vincianos" and "Viromenicos". Known cismontani tribes are: "Lancienses", "Orniacos" and "Supertios".

Mode of life

The Astures were hunters and gatherers who also engaged in complementary agriculture. During a large part of the year they used the acorn as a staple food source, drying and powdering it and using the flour for a type of easily preserved bread. Their sown fields during the pre-Roman period were scarce. From them they harvested barley from which they produced beer, as well as other crops, like wheat and flax. Due to the scarcity of their agricultural production as well as their strong war-like character, they made frequent incursions into the lands of the Vacceos, who had a much more developed agriculture. Lucan calls them ' Paleseekers after gold ' (Astur scrutator pallidus aim).

According to classic authors, their family structure was matrilineal, wherein the woman inherits and is the owner of property.

The Astures lived in hill forts, established in strategic areas and built with round walls in today's Asturias and the mountainous areas of León, and with rectangular walls in flatter areas, similarly to their fellow Galicians, the Lucensis and the Bracarensis

Astur-Cantabrian Wars

Along with their Cantabri neighbours, they were the last free tribes to fall to Romans in Hispania during the Astur-Cantabrian Wars (29 - 19 BC) in Gallaecia. The Roman campaign against the Astures (the "Bellum Asturicum") began in 25 BC and lasted for ten years.

ee also

*Asturian people
*Astur-Cantabrian Wars
*Castro culture
*Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

External links

* [ Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ASTUR — qui ab Asturia est. Martial. de Asturconibus, l. 14. Epigr. 199. Hic brevis ad numerum rapidos qui colligit ungues, Venit ab armiferis gentibus Astur cquis. Item Hetruscus quidam, qui Aeneae suppetias tulit adversus Turnum. Virg. Aen. l. 10. v.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • astur — (Del lat. Astur, ūris). 1. adj. Natural de una antigua región de España, cuya capital era Astúrica, hoy Astorga, y cuyo río principal era el Ástura, hoy Esla. U. t. c. s.) 2. Natural de Asturias, comunidad autónoma de España. U. t. c. s.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Astur — u. Astŭres (Zool.), so v.w. Habicht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Astur — Astur, der Habicht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • astur — adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Área: historia De una antigua región española, cuya capital era la actual Astorga. 2. Uso/registro: elevado. De Asturias, comunidad autónoma española: caballos astures, los pescadores astures …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Astur — ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino femenino 1 HISTORIA De una antigua región de la península Ibérica, la actual Asturias. ► sustantivo masculino femenino 2 Persona natural de Asturias. SINÓNIMO asturiano * * * astur 1 adj. y, aplicado a personas,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • astur — {{#}}{{LM A03798}}{{〓}} {{[}}astur{{]}} ‹as·tur› {{《}}▍ adj.inv./{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} De una antigua región española del norte del territorio peninsular: • Astúrica, que es la actual Astorga, era la capital astur.{{○}} {{<}}2{{>}} →… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • astur — ˈastə(r) noun Etymology: New Latin, from astur, a hawk (probably a 16th century insertion in the MS of a Late Latin writer), probably from Romansh, hawk, from Latin accipiter more at accipiter 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • astur — as|tur Mot Agut Adjectiu invariable …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • àstur — às|tur Mot Pla Adjectiu invariable …   Diccionari Català-Català

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