- Transportation in Taiwan
= Land transportation =
* Total length: 38,197 km (2005)
** National highway: 901 km
** Provincial highway: 4,680 km
* highways: 20,947 km (including 872 km of
* urban roads: 16,395, km
Total:1,496 km (2003) (all on the island of Taiwan)
Taiwan Railway Administration: 1,097 km (gauge: 1067 mm)
* Taiwan Sugar Corporation: 240 km (gauge: 762 mm)
Taipei Rapid Transit System: 65 km (gauge: 1435 mm)
* Forestry Bureau: 86 km (gauge: 762 mm)
Currently, the TRTS in
Taipeiis the only operational rapid transitsystem in Taiwan. However, the Red Line of the KMRT in Kaohsiungis expected to commence operation in the second half of 2007. Several other cities in Taiwan, including Taichung, are also planning rapid transit systems.
High speed rail
Taiwan High Speed Rail(THSR) commenced operations on January 5, 2007, after some delays in 2006. The THSR connects Taipei Cityin the northeast of the island of Taiwan to Kaohsiung Cityin the southwest. The journey time is about 90 minutes compared to 4 hours by conventional rail. 30 Shinkansen Class 700T sets are running on the 345 km HSL, with station stops at Taipei Main station, Banciao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan and Zuoying near Kaoshiung. Four additional stations are planned: Songshan in north Taipei suburb, Miaoli, Changhua and Yunlin. In 2008 THSR increased the number of trains to 88 per day, each way.
The Shinkansen 700T is similar to the Japanese 700 Nozomi. It operates in 12 car sets (9 powered, 3 trailers) at a speed limit of 300 km/h over standard gauge 1435 mm track. OCS power is
25 kV AC60Hz.
Total: 18 (civil, 2005)
"length of runways:"
* over 3,047 m:" 6 " (Taiwan Taoyuan, Taichung, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Chiayi, Pingtung)
* 2,438 to 3,047 m:" 5 " (Kinmen, Magong, Hualien, Songshan, Taitung)
* 1,524 to 2,437 m:" 2 " (Hengchun, Nangan)
* 914 to 1,523 m:" 4 "(Beigan, Lanyu, Lyudao, Wan-an)
* under 914 m:" 1 "(Cimei)
"'Total: 9 (2006)
Ports and harbors
Taiwan is surrounded by sea on all sides.
Hualien, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taichung
Anping, Su-ao, Taipei
Budai, Magong, Kinmen, Matsu
Merchant marine:235 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,827,173 GRT/DWT|6,121,877|metric|first=yes (2003)
"ships by type:"
* bulk 35
* cargo 64
* container 42
* petroleum tanker 20
* passager 38
* other 36
petroleum products 3,400 km; natural gas 1,800 km (1999)
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