Antiope (mythology)

Antiope (mythology)

Antiope (IPA| [æn ˈtaɪ o pe] ) is a figure from Greek mythology. She was the only Amazon known to have married. Daughter of Ares and sister to Melanippe and Hippolyte and possibly Orithya, queens of the Amazons, [Virginia Brown's translation of Giovanni Boccaccio’s "Famous Women", p. 41; Harvard University Press 2001; ISBN 0-674-01130-9] she was the wife of Theseus. There are various accounts of the manner in which Theseus became possessed of her, and of her subsequent fortunes.

In one version, during Heracles' ninth labor, which was to obtain the Girdle of Hippolyte when he captured the Amazons' capital of Themiscyra, his companion Theseus, king of Athens, abducted Antiope and brought her to his home (Diodorus iv. 16). They were eventually married and she gave birth to a son, Hippolytus (Plutarch, "Theseus"), who was named after Antiope's sister. Soon after, the Amazons attacked Athens in an attempt to rescue Antiope and to take back Hippolyte's girdle; however, the Amazons failed. [Brown, p. 42]

During this conflict, known as the Attic War, Antiope was said to have fought on the side of the Amazons. She was seriously wounded and could no longer defend herself from Theseus and his retainers (which included Heracles). Watching these events take place, the Amazon Molpadia killed the queen with an arrow (some say spear), saving her from violation by the Athenian king.

In an alternate story, Theseus had planned to marry Phaedra. Antiope was furious about this and decided to attack them on their wedding day. She promised to kill every person in attendance; however, she was slain instead, fulfilling an oracle's prophecy to that effect, though it took Theseus, Heracles, and an army to kill her. (Hyginus, "Fab". 241).

And in yet another alternate version, Hippolyte marries Theseus and the subsequent attack on Athens does not occur.


See also

*Hercules and the Amazon Women


*Watson, John Selby "Justin, Cornelius Nepos, and Eutropius: Literally Translated", pp 21-22, 547; Published 1853 H. G. Bohn, original in the New York Public Library
*Williams, Henry Smith "The Historians' History of the World: A Comprehensive Narrative of the Rise", v.2, p. 440-441; Published 1904 The Outlook Company, New York Public Library
*Justinus "Epitoma Historiarum philippicarum Pompei Trogi" II.4.17-30
*Orosius "Historiae adversus paganos" I.15.7-9

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antiope — (IPA| [ æn ˈtaɪ o pe ] ) (Ἀντιόπη) can mean:* Greek mythology:** Antiope sister of Hippolyte kidnapped by Theseus, during Heracles ninth labour; ** Antiope associated with the mythology of Thebes, Greece. **Antiope, daughter of Thespius who bore… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiope (mother of Amphion) — In Greek mythology, Antiope (IPA| [æn ˈtaɪ o pe] ) was the name of the daughter of the Boeotian river god Asopus, according to Homer; [Homer, Odyssey . xi. 260] in later poems she is called the daughter of the nocturnal king Nycteus of Thebes or …   Wikipedia

  • Antiope (Amazone) — Theseus und Antiope Antiope (griechisch Ἀντιόπη) ist eine Amazone der griechischen Mythologie. Nach Pausanias ist sie die Schwester von Hippolyte, der Gattin des Theseus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antiope — ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek legend, the mother, by the god Zeus, of the twins Amphion (Amphion and Zethus) and Zethus. According to one account, her beauty attracted Zeus, who, assuming the form of a satyr, took her by force. Pregnant, she… …   Universalium

  • Antiope — n. (Greek Mythology) Theban princess and mother of Amphion and Zethus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • 90 Antiope — (pronEng|ænˈtaɪəpi an tye ə pee ) is an asteroid discovered on October 1, 1866 by Robert Luther. The 90th asteroid to be discovered, it is named after Antiope from Greek mythology, though it is disputed as to whether this is Antiope the Amazon or …   Wikipedia

  • Theban kings in Greek mythology — The dynastic history of Thebes in Greek mythology is crowded with a bewildering number of kings between the city s new foundation (by Cadmus) and the Trojan War (see Ogyges). This suggests several competing traditions, which mythographers were… …   Wikipedia

  • Lycus (mythology) — Lycus or Lykos is the name of several people in Greek mythology:* Lycus (son of Ares), a Libyan king in Greek mythology who sacrificed strangers to his father. He was the father of Callirhoê, who was a lover of Diomedes. * Lycus (brother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Naubolus (mythology) — In Greek mythology, the name Naubolus may refer to: Naubolus of Phocis, son of Ornytus (or of Hippasus[1]), and King of Tanagra. By Perineike, daughter of Hippomachus, he became the father of the Argonaut Iphitos,[2][3] and also of Antiphateia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Phaedra (mythology) — This article is on the mythological figure. For other meanings, see Phaedra. In Greek mythology, Phaedra is the daughter of Minos, wife of Theseus and the mother of Demophon and Acamas.Though married to Theseus, Phaedra fell in love with… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.