Ford Super Duty

Ford Super Duty

:"See also Ford Super Duty engine for the 401, 477, and 534 engines built from 1958 to 1981."Infobox Automobile

name = Ford Super Duty
manufacturer = Ford Motor Company
production = 1999-present
predecessor = Ford F-250/350
class = Full-size pickup truck
layout = Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
The Ford Super Duty is a line of commercial trucks (over convert|8500|lb|abbr=on GVWR) introduced in 1998 for the 1999 model year. The F-250 to F-550 Super Duties are assembled at the Kentucky Truck Assembly in Louisville, Kentucky. The F-650 & F-750 Super Duties are assembled at the Blue Diamond Truck plant in Mexico. For Mercosur (Brazil (F-250,F-350 AND F-4000)and Argentina (F-100)) are assembled at the Brazil, Engine 3.9 TurboDiesel, alvailable 4x2, 4x4, single cab w/short bed, crew cab w/short bed, single cab/ crew cab chasis.

The Super Duty trucks are larger, heavier built commercial/industrial series pickup trucks with heavier-duty body-on-frame steel ladder frames, axles, springs, brakes, transmissions, more powerful engines, and all other heavier/bigger components (with much higher payload and towing capacities) than the older traditional equivalent F-250, F-250HD (Heavy Duty), & F-350 Ford truck lines. In appearance, the Super Duty line might look a little similar to but does not share any of the design or build characteristics of the F-150. A F-250 Super Duty would surpass the older traditional F-350 in most categories.

First generation (1999-2004)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = First Generation
production = 1999-2004
engine = 5.4 L Modular V8
6.8 L Modular V10
7.3 L Powerstroke Diesel V8
6.0 L Powerstroke Diesel V8
transmission = 5-speed manual
4-speed 4R100 automatic
6-speed manual
5-speed 5R110W automatic
assembly = Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Silao, Mexico
Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
wheelbase = convert|137|in|mm|0|abbr=on
length = convert|222.2|in|mm|0|abbr=on
width = convert|79.9|in|mm|0|abbr=on
height = convert|76.2|in|mm|0|abbr=on - convert|81.3|in|mm|0|abbr=on
aka = F-250
related = Ford Excursion

For the 1999 model year, Ford dropped the regular (now to be considered the 'light duty') F-250, F-250HD (Heavy Duty), and F-350 truck lines only to introduce all-new F-250 and F-350 Super Duty trucks. By using two separate but related platforms for F-Series trucks, the inevitable compromises inherent in offering a wide range of load-carrying capacities were avoided. The main competition, General Motors, liked the idea so much that for the 2001 model year, the Chevrolet Silverado HD and GMC Sierra HD were introduced.

The Super Duty had several available engines. A 2-valve per cylinder 5.4 L Modular V8 with convert|260|hp and convert|350|ft.lbf|N.m of torque was standard, while the 2-valve per cylinder 6.8 L Modular V10 with convert|310|hp and 425 foot-pounds of torque was an option. The 7.3 L Power Stroke turbodiesel with convert|235|hp and convert|500|ft.lbf|N.mof torque from 1999 to 2002 and upped to 250 hp and 525 ft lbs of torque in 2003. The 6.0 L Power Stroke with a variable-vane turbo was phased in starting in 2003; this engine produced convert|325|hp and convert|560|ft.lbf|N.m of torque.

Four transmissions were available. A standard 5-speed manual for gas engines, a standard 6-speed manual for diesel engines, an optional 4R100 4-speed automatic for gas, and an optional 5-speed automatic for Diesels. The 4-speed automatic was replaced in the 2003 model year truck with 6.0L Diesel engine by the new Torqshift 5-speed 5R110 automatic transmission. The 5-speed manual 1st to 5th gear ratios are 5.72, 2.94, 1.61, 1, & 0.76:1 with Reverse being 5.24:1. The 4-speed auto 1st to 4th gear ratios are 2.71, 1.54, 1, & 0.71:1 with Reverse being 2.88:1. The TorqShift '5-speed' auto 1st to 5th gear ratios are 3.09, 2.2, 1.54, 1, & 0.71:1 Reverse 2.88. The TorqShift design in fact has six forward ratios, but only five are advertised, with the 'hidden' gear only used in extreme cold weather.

These trucks were styled distinctly different for the first time from the smaller F-150 half-ton pickups. They did not share components with the F-150 platform at all, even though it was still considered an F-series truck. Instead of the aero look, it was more boldly angular with a raised hood and lowered fenders, somewhat like fender / hood medium truck style pioneered by the 1994 Dodge Ram pickup. An industry first, 2 big massive complete ring-style front tow hooks. The side windows went lower forward in the door like a commercial medium to heavy duty truck (similar to a Kenworth "Daylight Door"), and the grille was also narrower and tall as if from a larger truck, and in 2003, optional manual telescoping Trailer Tow (TT) mirrors became available. .

The Ford F-250 and related F-4000 were built in Brazil from 2000 to 2006. Brazilian trucks were widely exporting including Australia, South Africa and Argentina (where they were sold as the F-100). [ [] 1999 Ford F-250 Super Duty 4x4 Pickup: Big Is Beautiful ]

Second generation (2005-2007)

Because Ford Motor Company discovered that over 80% of the Super Duties were used for towing heavy trailers on a regular day-to-day basis [ [ Review - FORD SUPER DUTY ] ] , Ford restyled the line for 2005. Exterior styling was given a minor update with a new front end, however, this generation has major strength improvements.Infobox Automobile generation

name = Second Generation
production = 2005-2007
engine = 5.4 L Modular V8
6.8 L Modular V10
6.0 L Power Stroke diesel V8
transmission = 6-speed "M6OD" manual
5-speed "5R110W" automatic
wheelbase = 137 in (std. cab)
141.8 in (ext. cab short bed)
158 in (ext. cab long bed)
156.2 in (crew cab short bed)
172.4 in (crew cab long bed)
length = 226.4 in (std. cab)
231.2 in (ext. cab short bed)
247.4/247.2 in (ext. cab long bed)
245.8/245.6 in (crew cab short bed)
261.8 in (crew cab long bed)
width = convert|79.9|in|mm|0|abbr=on (SRW)
convert|95.5|in|mm|0|abbr=on (DRW)
height = convert|79.1|in|mm|0|abbr=on
aka = F-250
assembly = Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Escobedo, Mexico, Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
related = Ford Excursion
fuel_capacity = Convert|29|usgal|L impgal|0|abbr=on (short bed)
Convert|38|usgal|L impgal|0|abbr=on (long bed)

Major changes over the previous generation of Super Duties includes increased payload (GVWR) & towing (GCWR) capacities, a new taller front grille, new interior, standard locking tailgate, 10-17% thicker partially boxed frame, higher amp alternator, upgraded & larger 4-wheel disc brakes (13.66-in front & 13.39-in rear rotors) with huge twin caliper pistons, upgraded engines, upgraded automatic transmission option, an all new optional built-into-dash Ford TowCommand TBC (Trailer Brake Controller) that is fully integrated with the truck's PCM (Powertrain Control Module) and ABS (Anti-lock Braking System), an all new optional built-into-dash 4 AUX upfitter switches (for adding off road lights, winches, snow plows, etc.), and an optional drivers side glove compartment.

The front suspension on 4x4's use a solid front (monobeam) Dana Super 60 axle, but switched from leaf springs to coils and added a sway bar. On 4x4 models there still is a choice of a BorgWarner manual gear-driven transfer case floor shifter with manual front locking hubs or Electronic-Shift-On-the-Fly (ESOF, a $185 option over the manual) dash knob with vacuum activated automatic & (in case of failure) manual override front hubs. The optional FX4 models are basically a standard 4x4 with an Off Road package that includes a few extras like upgraded heavy duty Rancho shocks, limited-slip rear differential, added skid plates for the fuel tank and transfer case, and two "FX4" decals on both back bed-sides instead of the standard "4x4". For all 4x4 models, the 2-speed transfer case 4x4-LOW range has a gear reduction of 2.72:1.

The front suspension on 4x2 models is independent twin I-beam with coil springs.

The rear suspension on all models uses a 10.5-inch Sterling (once the heavy duty truck division of Ford) 35-spline axle with choices of conventional or limited-slip differentials in 3.73, 4.10, and 4.30:1 ratios. All models have heavy duty 3" wide leaf springs and staggered shock absorbers. A standard stabilizer bar on DRW (dual rear wheel) models. An optional slide-in camper certification package with heavier springs and an optional stabilizer bar package are available on SRW (single rear wheel) models.

The two previous gas engines were upgraded from the old 2 valve per cylinder to 3 valve (2 intake & 1 exhaust) per cylinder. The standard 5.4 L V8 puts out convert|300|hp and convert|365|ft.lbf|N.m of torque, and the optional 6.8 L V10 puts out convert|362|hp|abbr=on & convert|457|ft.lbf|N.m|abbr=on.

The 6.0 L 32 valve pushrod actuated Power Stroke single-turbo diesel was also modified, boosting torque to convert|570|ft.lbf|N.m|abbr=on, but power remained the same as previous version with convert|325|hp. Due to very high warranty exposure and over 500 vehicle full buy backs (due to the Lemon Law), late 2006 was the last of the 6.0 L diesels. The major problem with the Navistar diesel engines are due to damage resulting from defective fuel injectors. There were also minor problems resulting from the unreliable factory variable-vane turbocharger, EGR valve carbon deposit clogging/sticking, defective Exhaust Pressure (EP) sensor/connector, extensive PCM recalibrations, fuel injector harness chafing/crushing, general engine stalling/bucking, and inability to conform to the new Federal diesel emissions standards of January 1, 2007.

Ford's "Fail-Safe Cooling System" is unique. This system is designed to protect the engine due to loss of coolant (since these engines can not overheat for being 'overworked'). If the engine overheats, it will automatically switch from 8/10 cylinder (depending on V8 or V10 engine) operation to alternating 4/5 cylinder (depending on V8 or V10 engine) operation. Because there is now 50% less hot combustion, the engine will operate cooler. The vehicle will continue to operate, but with very limited engine power. The now so-called 'dead' cylinders also act like an air pump to cool the engine down even more. This system allows the driver to travel a short distance to obtain service or to reach a repair facility. The distance that can be traveled depends upon vehicle load, outside temperature, and current road conditions.

Only 2 transmissions are available. The standard M6OD 6-speed manual overdrive and the optional heavy duty TorqShift 5R110W 5-speed automatic overdrive with Tow/Haul mode which replaced the 4-speed 4R100 used in the first generation. This Torqshift 5-speed transmission also became available on all versions of the trucks marketed. On the TorqShift, once the Tow/Haul mode is activated it can help increase a driver's control when towing large loads up and down steep grades and automatically minimizes shifts and maximizes available torque. Upon descent, the Tow/Haul mode utilizes engine braking to help extend brake life and improve driver control. An adaptive shift function monitors the TorqShift's performance over its lifetime, and adjusts shift pressures in real time to assure consistent shift feel and compensate for wear. For ease of maintenance, the TorqShift's oil filter is a spin-off style, mounted on the passenger-side exterior of the transmission. Also the TorqShift's larger fluid lines and a larger transmission oil cooler help to assure cooler operating temperatures, even under the most demanding conditions.

The TorqShift 5-speed auto 1st to 5th gear ratios are 3.11, 2.22, 1.55, 1.00, & 0.71:1. It also utilizes an alternate 4th gear, overdrive on 2nd gear of the 3 speed automatic component (0.72 x 1.55), that is 1.10:1 that is used under cold start conditions to aid engine and transmission warm up. The 6-speed manual 1st to 6th gear ratios are 5.79, 3.30, 2.10, 1.30, 1.00, & 0.72:1. Trucks with the optional TorqShift 5-speed automatic are rated at exactly convert|1000|lb|abbr=on higher towing capacity then trucks with the standard 6-speed manual transmission.

Ford offers a PTO (power take-off) which provides direct engine power for accessory equipment without the expense and installation time of separate, independently mounted electric motors or other power sources. The standard equipment 6-speed manual transmission comes with an integrated PTO. The optional TorqShift 5-speed automatic transmission can be equipped with an integrated PTO provision (it automatically locks the torque converter providing power to the PTO gear when the operator turns on the PTO switch).

On 8' long bed models the fuel tank capacity is 38 gallons and the 6.75' short bed models are 29 gallons. Depending on models the optional trailer tow hitch receiver comes with a 2" or 2.5" Class V receiver and 4- &/or 7-pin wiring harness in either 12,500 or convert|15000|lb|abbr=on. All Super Duties come with a Towing Package standard that includes an external oil and transmission coolers installed regardless if the factory hitch receiver was ordered or not. Depending on model and options, the empty title curb weight is 6,000-8,000 lb.

Approximate payload capacities are convert|3000|lb|abbr=on for the F-250 Super Duty, convert|4000|lb|abbr=on for the F-350 Super Duty with Single Rear Wheels (SRW), and convert|5800|lb|abbr=on for the F-350 Super Duty with Dual Rear Wheels (DRW). This generation of Super Duties has exactly double the payload capacity as compared to the older traditional (non-Super Duty) F-250 & F-350 trucks. By direct American comparison to the F-250 SD the Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD/GMC Sierra 2500HD is rated at convert|2600|lb|abbr=on max and the Dodge Ram 2500 Heavy Duty is rated at only convert|2100|lb|abbr=on max payload capacity.

Approximate towing capacity for the F-350 Super Duty is convert|19200|lb|abbr=on max. By direct American comparison Dodge Ram 3500 Heavy Duty is rated at convert|16400|lb|abbr=on max and Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra 3500HD is at convert|16500|lb|abbr=on max.

Third generation (2008-present)

Infobox Automobile generation

name = Third Generation
production = 2008-present
engine = 5.4 L Modular V8
6.8 L Modular V10
6.4 L Power Stroke diesel V8
transmission = 6-speed "M6OD" manual
5-speed "5R110W" automatic
assembly = Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Escobedo, Mexico
wheelbase = convert|137|in|mm|0|abbr=on
length = convert|227|in|mm|0|abbr=on
width = convert|79.9|in|mm|0|abbr=on
height = convert|80.2|in|mm|0|abbr=on
F-450: convert|79.8|in|mm|0|abbr=on
aka = F-250

The Super Duty was going to be completely redesigned for 2007, but in May 2006 it was announced that quality issues have pushed it back to a 2008 model. [cite web|url=|title= Ford delays launch of 2007 F-Series Super Duty||accessdate=May 26|accessyear=2006] The new 2008 model features an all-new 6.4 L twin-turbo Power Stroke Diesel V8 with piezo fuel injectors to replace the problematic 6.0 L Power Stroke single-turbo Diesel V8. The new engine is said to produce 350 hp (260 kW) and convert|650|ft.lbf|N.m|abbr=on of torque. [cite web|url=|title= Ford's 2008 Super Duty getting a face-lift||accessdate=April 6|accessyear=2006]

After investing $95 million in the Kentucky plant on various upgrades and modernizations, Ford began production of the 2008 Super Duty trucks on December 18, 2006. However, the truck didn't go on the market until January 2007. The vehicle had its first official showing at the Texas State Fair in 2006.

This 3rd generation of Super Duty includes the F-250 Super Duty (starting at $22,380), F-350 Super Duty (starting at $24,025), and the all new F-450 Super Duty (starting at $39,205). The F-250 & F-350 Super Duty basically has the same payload and towing specs as the last generation.

The model lineup for the F-250 & F-350 Super Duty is the XL (starting at $22,380), XLT (starting at $26,065), Lariat (starting at $31,785), FX4 (starting at $33,625), and the King Ranch (starting at $37,970).

The new FX4 model, which was once just an optional Off Road 4x4 package that could be added to any model in the lineup, is now replaced by the 4x4 Off Road Package. The all new FX4 is now considered a model of its own. It still has the same specs as the previous generation but with more of a sporty trim package included.

The model lineup for the F-450 Super Duty is the XL (starting at $39,205), XLT (starting at $44,980), and the Lariat (starting at $47,660).

The same 2 gas engines are carried over and rated exactly the same from the 2nd generation. The 3-valve 5.4L V8 SOHC is standard. The 3-valve 6.8L V10 SOHC is still a $600 option over the 5.4L V8.

The diesel option is the new 4-valve Navistar 6.4 L V8 OHV Power Stroke twin-turbo diesel (PSD) engine (350 hp & 650TQ) with cast iron block & heads is a $6,895 option over the 5.4L V8. The diesel engine utilizes Ford’s Clean Diesel Technology, which includes a high-pressure, common-rail fuel system, Piezo-electric fuel injectors and an advanced Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) system. Ford claims that the new diesel systems reduce particulate output by more than 90% and allow the engine to post emissions numbers comparable with gasoline engines. Safety product recall 07S49 was released on March 23, 2007 that addresses the potential for flames to come from the tailpipe of the International equipped 6.4L diesel trucks. This problem arises from the tightening new diesel engine Federal Emissions standards starting January 1, 2007, requiring the use of an exhaust after-treatment system. A PCM recalibration has been released to eliminate the possibility of excessive exhaust temperatures combined with certain rare conditions resulting what is becoming known as a "Thermal Event".

Located near the same dash area as the last generation (but slightly to the right & more directly below the radio), this generation of Super Duty has the same Ford TowCommand TBC (Trailer Brake Controller) and 4 AUX Upfitter switches as the last generation set-up.

For all 4x4 models, the transfer case 4x4 LOW range has a gear reduction of 2.42:1.

Another notable feature is an optional concealed slide-out step and swing-up hand grab bar in the rear tailgate to allow easier access.

Ford introduces its all new optional "Rapid-Heat Supplemental Cab Heater," only available on Super Duty trucks with the Diesel engine and TorqShift automatic transmission. In the winter, it quickly raises the cabin temperature to a comfortable level until the engine is warm enough to handle the job.

). The only engine offered in the F-450 Super Duty will be the all new 6.4 L V8 Power Stroke twin-turbo diesel. The F-450 will be equipped with a standard 6-speed manual or optional 5-speed TorqShift automatic transmission.

ee also

*Ford P platform, code name P356
*Ford F-Series
*Ford F-Series Super Duty
*Ford F-650
*Plasan Sand Cat, armored vehicle based on shortened F-350


External links

* [ Ford Super Duty official site]
* [ Ford Super Duty TowCommand TBC (video/sound)]
* [ Ford Super Duty TowCommand TBC & general review]
* [ Ford Super Duty TowCommand TBC Inspection Bulletin]
* [ 2005 Super Duty review #1]
* [ 2005 Super Duty review #2]
* [ 2005 Ford Super Duty Detailed Specifications]
* [ 2006 Super Duty review]
* [ 2008 Super Duty review]
* [ Ford Super Duty Info]
* [ The Truth About Trucks]

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