- Fauna of West Virginia
West VirginiaThe life zones of West Virginiatransitions from large low-land farming valleys bordered with forest and meadow to high-land ridge flats and heavy forestlands, some with rocky ridge-line peaks. The geologyallows for a diversity of habitats. The "Mountain State" harbors at least 56 speciesand subspecies of mammals. The state has more than 300 types of birds and more than 100 species of fish. Many common Insectsof the Eastern United Statescan be found in West Virginia. The state's beetle number about 15 species with more than 70 species of Odonate, some 18 species of spiders and a dozen species of Stonefly. There are about 17 Mothspecies. There are a little over seven dozen Cave invertebrate. The West Virginia Division of Wildlife (WVDNR) uses hunting and fishing license fees for wildlife habitat conservation. The state has guidelines for persons applying for West Virginia scientific collecting permits. [West Virginia Division of Wildlife http://www.wvdnr.gov/Main.shtm]
Diversity, mountain & low land
As with West Virginia's remote mountain forests, the farms and lands with meadows and woodlots near urban areas also hold whitetail deer, chipmunk, raccoon, skunk, groundhog, opossum, weasel, field mouse, flying squirrel, cotton-tail rabbit, gray foxes, red foxes, gray squirrels, red squirrels and a cave bat to name a few. Bobcat, snowshoe hare, wild boar and black bear are not strictly found in deepest forests and parks of West Virginia. But, the
mink, beaverand eastern cougar(Puma concolor couguar) have become very rarily seen near farms, even the farthest from towns.
Deep in the heart of the state's mountains is a unique natural
botanicaltreasure. Along with very rare boreal plants, several species of orchidsand carnivorous plantsare found at Cranberry Glades Botanical Area. It provides a chance for the public to see mink, beavers, snowshoe hare, black bear with its unique flora and other fauna. Cranberry Glades is the southern-most breeding pocket for some northern breeding species of birds like the purple finchand the northern waterthrushin the state's mountains. [Cranberry Mountain Nature Center at (304)653-4826 and during the winter months at the Gauley Ranger District at (304)846-2695.] West Virginia's western valley contrasts the mountains with another natural treasure, the Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge. These islands serves as a habitat for great blue heron, wood ducks, cormorants, Canada geese, migrating loons and tundra swans.
North American migrant birds such as the
tufted titmouse, scarlet tanager, brown thrasher, American robinand humming birdlive throughout the warmer seasons, save-but, the highest peaks. Some of the Icteridbirds visit West Virginia as well as the Hermit Thrushand Wood Thrush. The northern cardinal, bluejay, catbird, mocking-bird, American sparrow, some wrensand even crows can be found passing through urban lawns to meadows and cattailpond or a farmer's field. Major game birds are the duck, goose, bobwhite quail, ruffed grouseand wild turkey. Pairs of buzzardcan be seen while driving along the open highway. The Sandhill Cranelumbers at flight over the large rivers to conservation ponds. Occasionally, Ospreyand Eagle can be found watching over or snatching a fish on remote lakes and larger streams. Although, the hawks and owls are the most common birds of prey.
West Virginia has over twenty species of reptiles represented as
lizard, skink, turtleand snake. While the maccasin can be seen crossing over brooks and along larger rivers, the timber rattlesnake is found among rocks and fallen tree in the highland forests and mountainous areas. The Copperheadis the most common poisonous snake throughout the state. Green Snake, Rat or Barn Snake and Garden Snakes are examples of those seen across the hollows and wide bottoms along the major rivers which are not poisonous, but, sharing the same habitat as the Copperhead. Painted turtles live in most ponds and brooks. These and major rivers also hold snapping turtles and they are hunted for a tablefare delicacy with a WVDNR permit. The Box turtleis found in nearly every meadow and woods.
Family: Colubridae includes:
Queen Snake, Common Watersnake, Northern Brownsnake, Northern Red-bellied Snake, Common Ribbonsnake, Eastern Gartersnake, Eastern Smooth Earthsnake, Mountain Earthsnake, Eastern Hog-nosed Snake, Northern Ring-necked Snake, Eastern Wormsnake, Northern Black Racer, Rough Greensnake, Smooth Greensnake, Cornsnake, Black Ratsnake, Northern Pinesnake, Eastern Kingsnake, Black Kingsnake and Eastern Milksnake
Family: Viperidae includes:
Northern Copperhead (
Agkistrodon contortrix) & Timber Rattlesnake.
The Mountain State's water habitat holds 24 families of fish, to include,
Umbridae-Mudminnow, Salmonidae-Trouts, Percopsidae-Trout-perches, Fundulidae-Killifishes, Poeciliidae-Livebearer, Atherinidae-Silversides, Gasterosteidae-Sticklebacks, Cottidae-Sculpins, Percichthyidae-Temperate Basses, Centrarchidae-Sunfishes, Percidae-Perches, Sciaenidae-Drums, Petromyzontidae-Lampreys, Acipenseridae-Sturgeons, Polyodontidae-Paddlefish, Lepisosteidae-Gars, Amiidae-Bowfins, Hiodontidae-Mooneyes, Anguillidae-Freshwater Eels, Clupeidae-Herrings, Cyprinidae-Minnows, Carps, Catostomidae-Suckers, Ictaluridae-Freshwater Catfishes, Esocidae-Pikes. The 3 hybrid sport fish are the Hybrid Striped Bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis), Hybrid Saugeye (Stizostedion canadense x S. vitreum) and Hybrid Tiger Musky (Esox lucius x E. masquinony). With the exception of a small portion of the New River in Virginia, the candy darter is foundexclusively in West Virginia.
During the early half of the 20th century, the West Virginia Department of Resources accidentally hatched a somewhat golden
rainbow trout. This excitement in the state hatchery fueled the effort to produce the West Virginia "Golden Rainbow Trout." Some anglers claim the state received a golden troutfrom the west to help culture this. Just the same, today's "Goldy" was developed from breeding-back to rainbow trout. As the case may be expected, these special fish are very aggressive fighters and excellent tablefare.
Various water habitats of West Virginia hold the following sport fish:
American Eel, Black Crappie, Bluegill, Brook Trout, Brown Trout, Bullhead catfish, Burbot, Channel Catfish, Flathead Catfish, Freshwater Drum, Green Sunfish, Hybrid Striped Bass, Lake Trout, Largemouth Bass, Longear sunfish, Muskellunge, Northern Pike, Pumpkinseed, Rainbow Trout, Redear Sunfish, Rock bass, Sauger, Saugeye, Smallmouth Bass, Spotted Bass, Striped Bass, Walleye, Warmouth, White bass, White Crappie, White Perchand Yellow Perch.
A partial list of non-game fish follows:
Blacknose dace, Bluntnose minnow, Bigmouth buffalo, Black redhorse, Bowfin, Brook silverside, Brook stickleback, Buffalo, Carp, Creek chub, Central stoneroller, Channel darter, Emerald shiner, Fathead Minnow, Gizzard shad, Golden redhorse, Golden shiner, Grass carp, Grass Pickerel, Greenside darter, Johnny darter, Leastbrook lamprey, Logperch darter, Longnose gar, Mosquitofish, Northern hogsucker, Paddlefish, Quillback, Pugnose minnow, Rainbow darter, Shovelnose sturgeon(Ohio R), Silver lamprey, Silver jaw minnow, Southern redbelly dace, Stonecat, Striped shiner, Sturgeon, Trout-perch, Western banded killfish, White suckerand so on.
Amphibianspecies in West Virginia number about twenty one. Among them are hellbenders and salamanders to included toads and frogs such as the Northern Leopard Frogand Mountain Chorus Frog.
Insectsof the Eastern United Statescan be found in West Virginia including Aquatic insects. The state's beetle number about 15 species with more than 70 species of Odonate, some 18 species of spiders and a dozen species of Stonefly. There are about 17 Mothspecies. Wasps, some meadows may have a burrow of yellowjackets and the forest can hold a hive of Hornetshanging from a branch. Sweat beeand mosquitoare no stranger to the shaded wet-land which delights the sunfish and catfish in deeper pools nearby. West Virginia trout has but one Mayfly, the West Virginia Burrowing Mayfly ( Ephemera triplex) along with the mountain stream's terrestrials and insects on which to feed. The Mountain State's warmer seasons floraglitter with about two and a half dozen species of Butterfly. [West Virginia DNR - Wildlife Resources http://lutra.dnr.state.wv.us/cwcp/appendix2.shtm]
Gastropoda, slugs, leech, earthwormsand grub wormotherwise larvaare among the common invertebratein West Virginia. The state's streams and lakes provides habitat for about 54 species of musselwhich are protected from harvest by WVDNR. Crayfishamount to eight different species in the stream both above and below ground. The Cave Crayfish( Cambarus nerterius) is endemic to caves within the Greenbrier and Elk river drainages in West Virginia for example. Speaking of caves, there are a little over seven dozen Cave invertebratein the state. Of these to example, the Madison Cave Isopod( Antrolana lira) has a conservation threatened ranking priority one and lives on the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers area.
There are eleven species of Land
Snails. The Flat-spired Three-toothed Landsnail ( Triodopsis platysayoides) is listed as a threatened prority one according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A recent estimate has only 84 of these snails living on the Cheat Mountain Watershed. [West Virginia Division of Natural Resources. http://lutra.dnr.state.wv.us/cwcp/flatspiredthreetoothedlandsnail.shtm]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Outline of West Virginia — … Wikipedia
Geography of West Virginia — Geology Historical Geology Summary [This article is provided by the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey. (adapted from an educational booklet by Dudley Cardwell, 1975 with additions from Ron McDowell, 2007) Permission to reproduce this… … Wikipedia
French Creek, West Virginia — French Creek is an unincorporated community in Upshur County, West Virginia, United States. It is home to the West Virginia State Wildlife Center (formerly the French Creek Game Farm ), a zoological facility displaying native and introduced fauna … Wikipedia
Fauna of the United States — The Fauna of the United States covers a wide variety of species.Discussions by state* Fauna of Alabama * Fauna of Alaska * Fauna of Arizona * Fauna of Arkansas * Fauna of California * Fauna of Colorado * Fauna of Connecticut * Fauna of Delaware * … Wikipedia
Virginia — This article is about the U.S. state, the Commonwealth of Virginia. For other uses, see Virginia (disambiguation). Commonwealth of Virginia … Wikipedia
Virginia — /veuhr jin yeuh/, n. 1. a state in the E United States, on the Atlantic coast: part of the historical South. 5,346,279; 40,815 sq. mi. (105,710 sq. km). Cap.: Richmond. Abbr.: VA (for use with zip code), Va. 2. a town in NE Minnesota. 11,056. 3.… … Universalium
Virginia opossum — Virginia opossum Conservation status … Wikipedia
West Indies — West Indian. 1. Also called the Indies. an archipelago in the N Atlantic between North and South America, comprising the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas. 2. Federation of. Also called West Indies Federation. a former… … Universalium
Richmond (Virginia) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richmond, Virginia Archivo:Ri … Wikipedia Español
American Old West — Wild West redirects here. For other uses, see Wild West (disambiguation). For cultural influences and their development, see Western (genre). American Old West The … Wikipedia