Fairmont, West Virginia


Fairmont, West Virginia
Fairmont, West Virginia
—  City  —
Downtown Fairmont and the Monongahela River in 2006
Nickname(s): "Friendly City" "Gymnastics Capital of West Virginia"
Location of Fairmont, West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°28′53″N 80°8′36″W / 39.48139°N 80.14333°W / 39.48139; -80.14333Coordinates: 39°28′53″N 80°8′36″W / 39.48139°N 80.14333°W / 39.48139; -80.14333
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Marion
Government
 – Type Council-manager government
 – Mayor Bill Burdick
 – City Manager Jay Rogers
 – Deputy Mayor Bill Burdick
Area
 – Total 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 – Land 7.8 sq mi (20.3 km2)
 – Water 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 984 ft (300 m)
Population (2008)
 – Total 19,024
 – Density 2,438.5/sq mi (941.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 26554-26555
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-26452[1]
GNIS feature ID 1560581[2]
Website http://www.fairmontwv.gov/
The Marion County Courthouse in Fairmont.
Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 683
1860 704 3.1%
1870 621 −11.8%
1880 900 44.9%
1890 1,023 13.7%
1900 5,655 452.8%
1910 9,711 71.7%
1920 17,851 83.8%
1930 23,159 29.7%
1940 23,105 −0.2%
1950 29,346 27.0%
1960 27,477 −6.4%
1970 26,093 −5.0%
1980 23,863 −8.5%
1990 20,210 −15.3%
2000 19,097 −5.5%
Est. 2008 19,024 −0.4%

Fairmont is a city in Marion County, West Virginia, United States. Nicknamed "The Friendly City". The population was 19,097 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Marion County.[3]

Contents

History

  • The site of the first Father's Day on July 5, 1908, originally celebrated in honor of the more than 200 fathers lost in the Monongah Mining disaster several months earlier. However, neither Fairmont nor the state of West Virginia chartered the holiday to make it official, so several other locales have erroneously taken credit for its inception over the years.[7]
  • William S. Barnes born 1735, recognized patriot, militia man in the Revolutionary War, and progenitor of the Barnes family currently living in Fairmont and surrounding areas was the first person to live in what is currently Marion County and Fairmont, WV. He constructed a corn mill to process grain a short distance above where the Fairmont City Reservoir currently resides, and his pioneer house stood where the Fairmont Chemical Company is constructed.[8]

Geography

Fairmont is located at 39°28′53″N 80°8′36″W / 39.48139°N 80.14333°W / 39.48139; -80.14333 (39.481253, -80.143453)[9]. The Tygart Valley River and the West Fork River join in Fairmont to form the Monongahela River. Buffalo Creek, a tributary of the Monongahela River, flows through the northern part of the city.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21.2 km2), of which 7.8 square miles (20.3 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (0.9 km2) (4.40%) is water.

Climate

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg high (°F) 38 42 53 64 73 80 83 82 76 65 53 42
Avg low (°F) 20 22 30 38 49 57 61 60 53 41 33 25
Precipitation (in) 3.45 2.95 4.07 3.59 4.85 4.24 4.92 4.18 3.51 3.03 3.68 3.38

Source: weather.com

Transportation

Fairmont is located in the North-Central region of the state, along West Virginia's I-79 High Tech Corridor. Major highways include:

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 19,097 people, 8,447 households, and 4,671 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,438.5 people per square mile (941.7/km2). There were 9,755 housing units at an average density of 1,245.6 per square mile (481.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.16% White, 7.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 8,447 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,628, and the median income for a family was $37,126. Males had a median income of $27,944 versus $20,401 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,062. About 12.6% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Local government

Fairmont has a Council-manager government, whereby the mayor serves as chairman of the city council and the city manager takes care of the day to day operations. The current mayor, Matt Delligatti, is Fairmont's youngest ever, at 22 years of age.[11]

Current City Council

  • 1st District- Bob Gribben
  • 2nd District- Bob Sapp
  • 3rd District- Deborah Seifrit
  • 4th District- Bill Burdick (Deputy Mayor)
  • 5th District- Chuck Warner
  • 6th District- Dan Weber
  • 7th District- Rob Garcia
  • 8th District- Robin Smith
  • 9th District- Matt Delligatti (Mayor)

Past Mayor

Name Term
Frank Pierpont Hall
Matthew M. Neely 1908–1910
William Conaway
A.C. West
Fred T. Wilson 1935–1940
Fred T. Wilson 1944–1945
Albert F. Robertson 1947–1950
James H. Hanway 1951–1955
Wiliam G. Meyer 1959
Forrest L. Springer
Albert F. Robinson
J. Richard Davis
William M. Hawkins
Gregory T. Hinton
Charles G. Manly II
Nick L. Fantasia
S. Scott Sears 2007–2009
Matt Delligatti 2009-?

Landmarks

Fairmont Senior High School

Fairmont Senior High School (FSHS) is an historic secondary school, listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 22, 2002.[12] Architect William B. Ittner, who is responsible for over three dozen entries in the National Register, designed the school in the late 1920s. The school's architectural classification is Colonial Revival, with a stone foundation, brick walls, and asphalt shingle roofing.

Fairmont State University

Fairmont State University is a public university with an approximate enrollment of 7,700 students. The institution offers masters degrees in business, education, teaching, criminal justice and nursing in addition to 90 baccalaureate and 50 associate degrees.

Pricketts Fort State Park

Pricketts Fort is a 22-acre (8.9 ha) West Virginia state park and site of an historic fort built to defend early European settlers from raids by hostile Native Americans. The feuds were generally over territory the settlers appropriated following the Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1768).

Other

  • Fairmont's National White Collar Crime Center provides nationwide support to law enforcement agencies involved in prevention, investigation, and prosecution of economic and high-tech crime.
  • The Jacobs-Hutchinson Block building, also known as Peoples' National Bank and Friendly Furniture Store

Notable natives

Mary Lou Retton, the first female gymnast from outside Eastern Europe to win the Olympic all-around title.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Pepperoni Roll History
  5. ^ WV Culture
  6. ^ Floyd Abrams, Speaking Freely, published by Viking Press (2005), Page 153-58
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 25. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  11. ^ Times WV
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  13. ^ NASA IV&V Facility
  14. ^ Biography of Mary Lou Retton

External links


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