- Chillenden Windmill
Chillenden windmill Origin Grid reference TR 268 543 Operator(s) Kent County Council Year built 2005 Information Purpose Corn milling Type open trestle post mill Number of sails Four Type of sails Spring sails Windshaft Cast iron Winding Tailpole Number of pairs of millstones Two pairs located in the breast Other information Last post mill built in Kent.
Chillenden windmill was built by Holman's of Canterbury in 1868, replacing an earlier post mill that had blown down. The new mill incorporated some material from the old one. A windmill was marked on Philip Symonson's map of 1596, John Speed's map of 1611, Robert Morden's map of 1695, Emanuel Bowen's map of 1736, Andrews, Drury and Herbert's map of 1769 and all Ordnance Survey maps from 1819. Holman's, the Canterbury millwrights fitted a new stock and two new sails in 1927, and the mill was working until 1949, when it lost a sail in a gale. Local people raised some money in 1955 to make the mill weatherproof, and on 12 December 1957 the mill was bought for £100 by Kent County Council and restored at a cost of £728 , although some machinery was removed.
Collapse and rebuilding
Chillenden windmill collapsed on 26 November 2003. The cause of the mill collapsing was that one of the four piers that the mill sat on had sunk into the ground over time, added to this was the fact that the mill was in a fixed position, and not facing directly into the prevailing wind at the time. The mill wreckage was carefully dismantled on 15 December 2003 and put into storage while a decision was made on the future of the building. There were rumours that the mill would be rebuilt at the Museum of Kent Life, but on 31 March 2004 it was announced that the mill was to be rebuilt on site. The restoration work was carried out by IJP Millwrights, of Binfield Heath, Berkshire. The work included new crosstrees and quarterbars, a new windshaft, both breast and tail of the mill rebuilt and new weatherboarding all over. Four new sails were made, replacing those which were on the mill at the time of its collapse. These had been fitted in 2001. By early May 2005, work had commenced on site re-erecting the frame of the mill. The reconstructed frame of the mill was erected on the new trestle on 25 May 2005. The mill reopened to visitors on 13 September 2005.
Chillenden windmill is a white open trestle post mill with four Spring sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The windshaft carries a cast iron Brake Wheel with a wooden rim. The Brake Wheel has fifty wooden cogs, driving a cast iron Wallower on a cast iron Upright shaft. This carries a cast iron Great Spur Wheel which drives two pairs of underdrift millstones in the head of the mill. The mill formerly had a maize kibbler, but this was removed when the mill was restored in 1958. The mill is winded by a tailpole.
- Haywood & Cage
- William Hopper Bean 1882-99
- A Laker 1930
- N W Laker - 1949
- ^ "CHILLENDEN WINDMILL, GOODNESTONE, DOVER, KENT". English Heritage. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?pid=2&id=177919. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
- ^ a b c d Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. pp. p186.
- ^ "Chillenden Mill". Engineering Timelines. http://www.engineering-timelines.com/scripts/engineeringItem.asp?id=628. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Conveyance of the mill and site to KCC (3 of 6)". The Mills Archive Trust. http://www.millsarchive.com/aspx/secured/item.aspx?intItemID=24990&strTitle=Conveyance%20of%20the%20mill%20and%20site%20to%20KCC%20(3%20of%206). Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale. pp. p96–97. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3.
- ^ a b c West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd.. pp. p32–35. SBN 284-98534-1.
- ^ "Windmill blown over in storm". BBC News Online. 2003-11-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/3240320.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ a b "Chillenden Village". Southbarn. http://www.southbarn.plus.com/news.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Destroyed windmill dismantled". BBC News Online. 2003-12-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/3320755.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Destroyed windmill to be rebuilt". BBC News Online. 2004-03-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/3585157.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Restored village windmill reopens". BBC News Online. 2005-09-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/4241518.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Chillenden Windmill". You Tube user Anorakman10 (David from Canterbury). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-e_twojMqws. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- ^ "Directory of Kent Mill People". The Mills Archive Trust. http://www.millarchive.com/kent/millpeople/Kent%20Mill%20People.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- Chillenden Windmill - official site
- IJP Millwrights
- Windmill World page on the mill.
- Gallery of images of collapsed mill
Agricultural Museum · Ashford Museum · Belmont House and Gardens · Blue Town Heritage Centre · Brattle Farm museum · Bredgar and Wormshill Light Railway · Brenzett Aeronautical Museum · British Cartoon Archive · Chantry Heritage Centre · Chart Gunpowder Mills · Chartwell · Chatham Historic Dockyard · Chiddingstone Castle · Chillenden Windmill · C M Booth Motor Museum · Colonel Stephens Railway Museum · Court Hall Museum · Crabble Corn Mill · Crampton Tower Museum · Cranbrook Museum · Dartford Borough Museum · Davison's Mill · Deal Castle · Deal Maritime & Local History Museum · Deal Timeball Tower Museum · Dickens House Museum, Kent · Dover Castle · Dover Museum · Dover Transport Museum · Draper's Windmill · Dymchurch Martello Tower · East Kent Light Railway · Eastgate House · Eden Valley Museum · Elham Valley Railway Museum · Finchcocks · Fleur de Lis Museum and Gallery · Folkestone Museum · Fort Amherst · Godinton House · Gravesend's Secret Cold War Bunker · Guildhall Museum, Queenborough · Guildhall Museum, Rochester · Herne Windmill · Herne Bay Museum and Gallery · Hever Castle · Hop Farm Country Park · Hythe Library and Museum · Ightham Mote · Kent & Sharpshooters Yeomanry Museum · Kent Battle of Britain Museum · · Kent Life · Kent Museum of Freemasonry · Kent Police Museum · Knole House · Lashenden Air Warfare Museum · Leeds Castle · Lullingstone Roman Villa · Lydd Town Museum · Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery · Maison Dieu · Manston Fire Museum · Margate Old Town Hall Local History Museum · Mascalls Gallery · Meopham Windmill · Minster Abbey Gatehouse Museum · Museum of Canterbury · New Hall Museum · New Mill · Norman Museum · New Tavern Fort · Old Brook Pumping Station · Old Soar Manor · Otford Heritage Centre · Owletts · Penshurst Place · Powell-Cotton Museum · Princess of Wales Royal Regiment Museum · Quebec House · Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Museum · RAF Manston History Museum · Restoration House · Rochester Art Gallery and Craft Case · Roman Museum · Roman Painted House · Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway · Royal Engineers Museum · Royal Museum and Art Gallery · Salomons Museum · Sandwich Guildhall Museum · Sarre Windmill · Scotney Castle · Sevenoaks Museum · Sheerness Heritage Centre · Shoreham Aircraft Museum · Sittingbourne Heritage Museum · Six Poor Travellers House · Smallhythe Place · South Foreland Lighthouse · Spitfire & Hurricane Memorial Building · St Augustine's Abbey · St Margaret's Museum · Stocks Mill · Stoneacre · Swanton Mill · Teapot Island · Temple Manor · Tenterden & District Museum · Tonbridge Castle · Tunbridge Wells Museum & Art Gallery · Turner Contemporary · Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages · Union Mill, Cranbrook · Upnor Castle · Walmer Castle · Walpole Hotel & Museum · West Gate Towers · Westenhanger Castle · White Mill Rural Heritage Centre · Whitstable Museum and Gallery · Woodchurch Mill · Woodchurch Village Life MuseumSee also: Visitor attractions in Kent
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Chillenden — Coordinates: 51°14′06″N 1°15′00″E / 51.235°N 1.25°E / 51.235; 1.25 … Wikipedia
Outwood Windmill — is a Grade I listed post mill in Outwood, Surrey. Built in 1665 by Thomas Budgen, a miller from Nutfield in Surrey, it is Britain s oldest working windmill. The windmill was one of a pair, as there was a smock mill built alongside in 1797.… … Wikipedia
Chesterton Windmill — in Warwickshire Origin Mill name Chesterton Windmill … Wikipedia
High Salvington Windmill — For an explanation of the various pieces on machinery mentioned, see Mill machinery. High Salvington Mill … Wikipedia
Denver Windmill — The restored mill, April 2006 Origin Mill name Denver Mill Grid reference … Wikipedia
Cley Windmill — The mill in 2008 Origin Mill name Cley Mill … Wikipedia
Nutley Windmill — Nutley Mill The mill in 2005 Origin Mill location TQ 451 291 … Wikipedia
Cromer Windmill, Ardeley — Ardeley Windmill The mill in 2006 Origin Mill name Cromer Mill … Wikipedia
Chalton Windmill — Origin Mill name Chalton mill Grid reference SU 7160 1608 … Wikipedia
Chislet Windmill — Origin Grid reference TR 224 679 Year built 1744 … Wikipedia