- 3rd Bridge
The 3rd bridge is an extended playing technique used on mainly electric guitars such as the
Fender Jazzmasterthat has the strings continue through to the tremolo piece. It is called the 3rd Bridge because some players utilized the unique sound that one can get out of playing in that area. Bands like Sonic Youthand Placebo are known for using this technique. Other more common use of the term contains a prepared guitarwith a rod, for instance a screwdriver or pencil, placed between the fretboard and strings. [http://bigsby.wordpress.com/2008/02/26/third-bridge-guitar/] In that case the strings are played at the side of the fretboard, causing a resonating overtoneat the string part above the pickup.
Physical Explanation and examples
The third bridge divides the string into two pieces. When played at one part, the opposed part starts to resonate more or less, depending on their mathematical relation. [http://www.oddmusic.com/gallery/om21600.html] On
harmonicpositions the created multiphonictone is consonantand increases in volume and sustain because of the reciprocal string resonance. The sound is comparable with the sound of bells of clocks. Harry Partchallready experimented with this technique on his Kitara's with movable glass rods. Glenn Brancaadopted his theory and used amplified string tables for some of his symphonies. Also Fred Frithand Keith Rowewere early practisors of this technique, mainly inspired by adopting John Cage's technique of the prepared piano. Classical guitar duo Elgart & Yateswrote a small book Prepared Guitar Techniquesin which the technique is described and used in the added written musical piece, although not defined with the term 'third bridge' yet. Sonic Youthapplied their guitars with screwdrivers, mainly in their early years. On their album Confusion is Sexthis technique is often used. Afterwards Bradford Reeddeveloped the Pencilinaand Yuri Landmanthe Moodswingerto explore the possibilities of this technique. Reed plays mainly with drumsticks hitting the strings as well, while Landman's technique is partly based on muting the opposed part while striking, causing a sound which reminds of a backwards-recorded sound.
Tailed bridge guitar
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