- Integrated library system
An integrated library system, or ILS, is an
enterprise resource planningsystem for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.
An ILS is usually comprised of a
relational database, software to act on that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most ILSes separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, which are then integrated into a unified interface. Examples of modules include: acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials), cataloging (classifying and indexing materials), circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back), serials (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings), and the OPAC(public interface for users). Each patron and item has a unique ID in the database that allows the ILS to track its activity.
Larger libraries use ILSes to order and acquire, receive and invoice, catalog, circulate, track and shelve materials. Smaller libraries, such as private homes or non-profit organizations (e.g. churches and synagogues), often forego the expense and maintenance required to run an ILS, and instead use a
library computer system.Fact|date=November 2007
First Worldlibraries use an ILS. In the United Kingdom, ILSes are sometimes referred to as "library management systems".
ILSes were often known as "library automation systems" or "automated systems" in the 1970s and early 1980s. Before the advent of computers, libraries usually used a
card catalogto index its holdings. Computers were used to automate the card catalog, thus the term "automation system". Automation of the catalog saves the labor involved in resorting the card catalog, keeping it up-to-date with respect to the collection, etc. Other tasks automated include checking out and checking in books, generating statistics and reports, acquisitions and subscriptions, indexing journal articles and linking to them, as well as tracking interlibrary loans.
Since the late 1980s, windows and multi-tasking have allowed business functions to be integrated. Instead of having to open up separate applications, library staff could now use a single application with multiple functional modules.
As the Internet grew, ILS vendors offered more functionality related to the Internet. Major ILS systems now offer web-based portals where library users can log in to view their account, renew their books, and be authenticated to use online databases.
Today's new systems tend to be completely web-based, i.e. all work operations by the librarians are carried out in a web browser.
A wider list of examples is available at the Library Index. [ [http://www.libdex.com/vendor.html The Library Index] ]
* [http://www.insigniasoftware.com/insignia/ils.htm Insignia Library System] (Solutions for School, Academic, Public and Professional Libraries)
* [http://www.exlibrisgroup.com/category/ILSOverview Aleph] from
* [http://www.vtls.com/products/virtua Virtua] from [http://www.vtls.com VTLS, Inc.]
* Dynix from
* Horizon from SirsiDynix
* Symphony from SirsiDynix
* Heritage from [http://www.isoxford.com IS Oxford] (mainly UK and Ireland)
* [http://www.libero.com.au/ Libero] from LIBERO Software
* Millennium from [http://www.iii.com Innovative Interfaces, Inc.]
* Polaris ILS from [http://www.polarislibrary.com/ Polaris Library Systems]
Talis(UK and Ireland)
* Unicorn from SirsiDynix
* Voyager from Ex Libris, formerly from Endeavor
* Vubis Smart from [http://vubis-smart.com Infor ]
* [http://www.cybrarian.in Cybrarian] from [http://www.cr2.in CR2 Technologies Ltd, India]
* LibraryWorld.com from [http://www.libraryworld.com LibraryWorld, Inc.]
Library computer system
* Rubin, Richard E. "Foundations of Library and Information Science". New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 2004.
* [http://www.librarytechnology.org/automationhistory.pl A historical chart of major ILS vendors]
* [http://www.loc.gov/marc/marcsysvend.html MARC Records, Systems and Tools] : Network Development and MARC Standards Office,
Library of Congress
* [http://liswiki.org/wiki/College_Center_for_Library_Automation College Center for Library Automation]
* [http://www.libsuite.com/library_auto.htm LiBSUITE-Digital Library Automation Software]
* [http://www.cybrarian.in/ Cybrarian - Webbased Integrated Library Management Software based on SaaS model]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Integrated Deepwater System Program — Illustrated Integrated Deepwater System (IDS) Program. The Integrated Deepwater System Program (IDS Program or Deepwater) is the 25 year program to replace all or much of the United States Coast Guard s equipment, including aircraft, ships, and… … Wikipedia
Alamo Area Library System — The Alamo Area Library System (AALS) is one of ten public library systems in the state of Texas. It consists of 46 member libraries located in 21 counties that surround San Antonio (Bexar County). San Antonio Public Library acts as the personnel… … Wikipedia
Library computer system — A library computer system is the software used to catalog, track circulation (where appropriate) and inventory a library s assets. It is intended for home, church, private enterprise or other small to medium sized collections. Larger, First World … Wikipedia
Library catalog — A library catalog (or library catalogue) is a register of all bibliographic items found in a library or group of libraries, such as a network of libraries at several locations. A bibliographic item can be any information entity (e.g., books,… … Wikipedia
Library (computing) — This article is about the programming concept. For Windows 7 Libraries, see Features new to Windows 7#Libraries. Illustration of an application which uses libvorbisfile to play an Ogg Vorbis file In computer science, a library is a collection of… … Wikipedia
Integrated Windows Authentication — (IWA) is a term associated with Microsoft products that refers to the SPNEGO, Kerberos, and NTLMSSP authentication protocols with respect to SSPI functionality introduced with Microsoft Windows 2000 and included with later Windows NT based… … Wikipedia
System — (from Latin systēma , in turn from Greek polytonic|σύστημα systēma) is a set of interacting or interdependent entities, real or abstract, forming an integrated whole. The concept of an integrated whole can also be stated in terms of a system… … Wikipedia
System software — is any computer software which manages and controls computer hardware so that application software can perform a task. Operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X or Linux, are prominent examples of system software. System software… … Wikipedia
integrated circuit — Electronics. a circuit of transistors, resistors, and capacitors constructed on a single semiconductor wafer or chip, in which the components are interconnected to perform a given function. Abbr.: IC Also called microcircuit. [1955 60] * * * ▪… … Universalium
Integrated Rutgers Information System — IRIS [http://www.iris.rutgers.edu/] , the Integrated Rutgers Information System, is the online public access catalog for all of the Rutgers University libraries except for the Camden Law Library, the Rutgers Law Library Newark, the Gottfredson… … Wikipedia