Pannonian Rusyns


Pannonian Rusyns

Ethnic group
group=Rusyns in Pannonia
poptime=20,000 approx.
popplace=Serbia:
15,626 (2002 census)
Croatia:
2,337 (2001 census)
note: some Rusyns in Pannonia also declare themselves as Ukrainians
langs=Rusyn|rels=Predominantly Eastern Rite Catholic (Uniate).
related=Rusyns, Ukrainians, Slovaks, Poles and other Slavic peoples

Rusyns in Pannonia, or simply Rusyns or Ruthenians (Rusyn: Руснаци or Русини, Serbian and Croatian: "Rusini" (or Русини in Serbian Cyrillic)), is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. They are officially considered a separate nationality in Serbia and Croatia, but are also considered to be a part of the northern Rusyns (Ruthenians) who live mostly in Ukraine, but also in Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, and Hungary.

The main difference between Rusyns in Pannonia and northern Rusyns is language: the language of the Rusyns in Pannonia has more Western Slavic features than the language of the northern Rusyns.

Location

The Rusyns in Pannonia mostly live in the autonomous province of Vojvodina in Serbia. There are 15,626 declared ethnic Rusyns in Vojvodina (2002 census) and their language is one of the six official languages of Vojvodina province. The village of Ruski Krstur in the Kula municipality is the cultural centre of the Pannonian Rusyns. Other villages with Rusyn majority are Kucura in the Vrbas municipality and Bikić Do in the Šid municipality. Some Pannonian Rusyns also live in Slavonia (Croatia), forming majority in village of Petrovci in Bogdanovci municipality, Vukovar-Srijem county.

History

Rusyns in Pannonia emigrated from the area which is today known as eastern Slovakia and western Ukraine in the 18th century, along with Germans, Hungarians, and Slovaks.

During the time of the Austrian Empire, an intensive colonization of certain areas in today's Banat and Bačka was carried out after the last Ottoman wars which left the treasury of the Empire almost empty. Population of Banat and Bačka was decimated in those wars. The Austrian Empire had intention to re-populate this rich, arable land, and increase the state revenue by collecting taxes.

In the census of Kula municipality from 1746 appear three Rusyns for the first time on that territory: Janko and Petro Homa and Janko Makovicki.

The official date of Rusyn settlement in Vojvodina is January 17, 1751 when Bačka administrator Franc Josip de Redl signed the contract with Mihajlo Munkači from village Červenovo in county of Bereg, to bring 200 Rusyn families of Greek-Catholic rite from the upper Hungarian districts known as the "Upper-Land" or "Горнїца" to [http://www.ruskikerestur.com/Anglijski/OkerestureAnglijski.htm Kerestur.]

Kerestur was Serbian settlement mentioned 1741 as ruined and abandoned village because its settlers moved to Čelarevo.

The same administrator signed another contract on May15, 1763 with Petro Kiš from Kerestur, to bring in Kocur 150 Rusyn families of Greek-Catholic rite from the same areas in the "Upper-Land".

As population grew and arable land given to settlers by contract was limited, many families from Kerestur and Kocur decided to migrate into town of Novi Sad (1766 and 1767).

Later, Rusyns settled in Šid, Vajska, and in the early XIX century in Vukovar and Ilok, today Croatia . In Petrovci (also Croatia), Rusyns started settlement in 1833, in Bačinci 1834 etc.

In whole Bač-Bodroš county (which was southern Hungary and today mostly Banat and Bačka), census from 1767 shows about 2.000 Rusyns. Census from 1991 in the same area, shows about 25.000 Rusyns. Currently, number of Panonian Rusyns declines and estimated number is about 15.000.

Language

They speak the Pannonian Rusyn language (as opposed to the northern Rusyn), which is often considered only a microlanguage or dialect. Those considering the Pannonian Rusyns distinct from the northern Rusyns argue that their language is a Western Slavic language, as opposed to the northern Rusyn language, which is an Eastern Slavic language. However, both, the language of the Pannonian Rusyns and of the western part of the northern Rusyns (in Slovakia, Poland, etc.) is a mixture of features of Western and Eastern Slavic languages.

References

#Рамач, Янко. Кратка история Руснацох. Нови Сад: Грекокатолїцка парохия Св.Петра и Павла, 1993
#Жирош, Мирон. Бaчвaнско-сримски Руснaци домa и у швеце (1745–1991) том 1 - 5. Нови Сад: Грекокатолїцкапарохия Св. Петра и Павла 1997 - 2003
#Лабош, Федор "История Русинох Бачки, Сриму и Славониї 1745-1918”, Нови Сад, 1978
#Ranko Bugarski, Jezici, Novi Sad, 1996.
#Stevan Konstantinović, Priče o Rusinima, Šid, 1995.
#Vladimir Kirda Bolhorves, Na debelom ledu, Beograd, 1996.

ee also

*Pannonian Rusyn language
*Rusyns
*Ethnic groups of Vojvodina

External links

* [http://www.rusnak.info/ Rusyns in Serbia]
* [http://www.sriu.hr/hrvatski/RusiniHrvatske.htm Rusyns in Croatia]
* [http://www.ruskikerestur.org/ Ruski Krstur - Руски Керестур]
* [http://www.ruskikerestur.com/ Ruski Krstur - Руски Керестур]
* [http://kerestur.tripod.com/home.htm Ruski Krstur - Руски Керестур]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rusyns — ethnic group group = Rusyns (Русины) poptime = 55,000 (est) associate themselves as having Rusyn ethnicity; Rusyn organisations claim approximately 2 million Rusyns region1 = flag|Romania pop1 = circa 25,000 (not including Hutsuls)Fact|date=July… …   Wikipedia

  • Pannonian Rusyn language — Infobox Language name=Pannonian Rusyn nativename=Руски язик Ruski yazik familycolor=Indo European states=Serbia, Croatia speakers=20,000 approx. rank=official regional language fam1=Indo European fam2=Balto Slavic fam3=Slavic fam4=West Slavic… …   Wikipedia

  • Places inhabited by Rusyns — The contemporary administrative entities roughly corresponding the traditional territory of settlement of the Rusyns. Following areas have been included which still are or up to the World War II were inhabited by each of the Rusyn sub ethnicities …   Wikipedia

  • Rusyn language — Infobox Language name = Rusyn nativename = ry. Русинськый transl|ry| Rusyns kŷi region = flagicon|Ukraine Zakarpattia Oblast (Ukraine) flagicon|Slovakia eastern Slovakia flagicon|Poland southern Poland flagicon|Hungary Hungary flagicon|Romania… …   Wikipedia

  • Demographic history of Vojvodina — Vojvodina s demographic history reflects its rich history and its former location at the border of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires and at the confluence of various peoples, making it a hotbed of invasion, colonization, and assimilation processes …   Wikipedia

  • Slavic peoples — legend|#004040|South SlavicThe Slavic peoples are an ethnic and linguistic branch of Indo European peoples, living mainly in Europe. From the early 6th century they spread from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Vojvodina — This article is about the autonomous province within modern day Serbia. For other uses, see Vojvodina (disambiguation). For Yugoslav provinces, see AP Vojvodina. Autonomous Province of Vojvodina Аутономна Покрајина Војводина Autonomna Pokrajina… …   Wikipedia

  • Ruski Krstur — (Serbian: Руски Крстур, Ruski Krstur , Rusyn: Руски Керестур, hu. Bácskeresztúr, Croatian: Ruski Krstur ) is a village in Serbia, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. It is located in the municipality of Kula, West Bačka District. The village …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian culture — Part of a series on Ukrainians …   Wikipedia

  • Balachka — Ethnographic map of the Slavic peoples prepared by Czech ethnographer Lubor Niederle showing territorial boundaries of Slavic languages in Eastern Europe in the mid 1920 s, including the Kuban …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.