Horik II


Horik II

Horik II also know as Erik Barn (Danish: Erik the Child) was King of Denmark from the murder of Horik I in 854 to c. 873. After a brief civil war which nearly wiped out the branches of the royal family, legend has it that a single royal child was left alive, hence the name Erik the Child. The problem with the story is that at the time there was no hereditary kingship. Kings were literally shouted into office at the assemblies (Danish:landsting) by the chiefs and peasants who supported him. Horik II, whose own lands lay in extreme southern Denmark, including Hedeby, emerged as the strongest of the claimants. Little is known about him except for few references in Saxo Grammaticus' Gesta Danorum and The Life og Ansgar by Rimbert.

Horik was probably not the son of Horik I, but a close relative perhaps a nephew or grandson of the powerful Gottfredson clan who held power in much of Denmark. Sons were not usually named after fathers in Viking Denmark.

During his reign Danish vikings under Ragnar Lodbrog and others began raiding and then colonizing England, eventually capturing York and much of northeast England.

Although not a Christian, Horik II was tolerant of the Christians among his people and of the missionaries from the Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen who found their way north. Horik became acquainted with St Ansgar during Horik I's reign and shared his view that regarding religious matters there was no better or upright man in his kingdom. After a brief closure of the church at Hedeby by Jarl Hovi, Horik II was persuaded by Ansgar to reopen the ruined church and permit a new church at Ribe. Horik even allowed them to ring church bells for the first time, much to the disgust of the non-Christians who believed the bells would frighten off the land sprites (Danish:landvætter) and ruin the harvest. [Hvitfeldt, Arild.Danmarks Riges Krønike]

In 857 the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the Bald ordered Horik to give up his lands between the Eider River and the North Sea in retaliation for Viking raids on Paris and the Loire Valley. Rorik of Dorestad was attempting carve out a Frisian kingdom between the Saxons and the Danes with the help of the emperor. Rorik had a claim on the throne as valid as Horik's, and after three failed attempts to take Schleswig, he enlisted the emperor's help. While Rorik was off on a Viking raid, other vikings sacked his capital at Dorestad. Horik was able to hold onto southern Denmark in spite of Rorik and the emperor's demands. Horik prevented a thinly veiled attempt to add southern Denmark to the Carolingian Empire. [Gesta Danorum]

In 864 Pope Nicholas I wrote to Horik encouraging him to become a Christian. When Horik refused, the pope asked Charles II to coerce the conversion of Horik. [Gesta Danorum]

About 866 Horik gave permission for a third Danish church to be built in Århus during the time of Bishop Rimbert, Ansgar's successor. ["Ancient See of Aarhus".The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Horik II — Horik II, también conocido como Erik el Joven (danés: Erik Barn), fue un caudillo vikingo y rey de Dinamarca a la muerte de su antecesor Horik I en 854 hasta aproximadamente 860. Tras una breve guerra civil que casi barrió a todas las ramas de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Horik I — (d. 854) reigned as sole King of Denmark from 827 to his violent death in 854. His reign was marked by Danish raids on the Franco German empire of Louis the Pious, son and successor of Charlemagne.Horik s father was King Gudfred, known for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Horik I — también Horik el Viejo (m. 854) fue un caudillo vikingo, rey de Dinamarca desde 827 hasta su violenta muerte en 854. Su reino estuvo marcado por numerosas incursiones bélicas al Imperio carolingio de Ludovico Pío, hijo y sucesor de Carlomagno.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Horik Ier de Danemark — est roi des Danois de 813 à 854. Sommaire 1 Origine 2 Biographie 3 Bibliographie 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Horik II de Danemark — Horik II devint roi des Danois en 854 après Jésus Christ et son règne s acheva entre 864 et 873[1]. Sommaire 1 Origine 2 La tolérance religieuse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gymnomitrion laceratum (Steph.) Horik. — Symbol GYLA3 Botanical Family Gymnomitriaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Gymnomitrion laceratum (Steph.) Horik. — Symbol GYLA3 Botanical Family Gymnomitriaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Mnium magnifolium Horik. — Symbol RHMA12 Synonym Symbol MNMA2 Botanical Family Mniaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Notothylas japonica Horik. — Symbol NOORO Synonym Symbol NOJA Botanical Family Notothyladaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Rhizomnium magnifolium (Horik.) T. Kop. — Symbol RHMA12 Common Name grandleaf rhizomnium moss Botanical Family Mniaceae …   Scientific plant list


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.