List of amphibians of the Democratic Republic of the Congo


List of amphibians of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This is a List of amphibians of the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Family. It lists all families and species of amphibians in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The list below follows Frost, 2007: Amphibian Species of the World, an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (October, 2007), and AmphibiaWeb, by the University of California, Berkeley..

A difference between the two above classifications is that Frost has split the families Dicroglossidae and Pyxicephalidae off from the Ranidae (i.e. elevated to distinct families), whereas AmphibiaWeb has not (i.e. keeping them within the Ranidae). In this we follow Frost here.

See Sources below.

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=Class Amphibia=Total 242 species of Amphibians in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Order Anura - Frogs and Toads

Total 240 species the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

**Family Arthroleptidae - Screeching frogs or squeakers, 46 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Arthroleptis adolfifriederici Nieden, 1911
***Arthroleptis discodactylus (Laurent, 1954)
***Arthroleptis hematogaster (Laurent, 1954)
***Arthroleptis lameerei De Witte, 1921
***Arthroleptis loveridgei De Witte, 1933
***Arthroleptis phrynoides (Laurent, 1976)
***Arthroleptis poecilonotus Peters, 1863
***Arthroleptis pyrrhoscelis Laurent, 1952
***Arthroleptis schubotzi Nieden, 1911
***Arthroleptis spinalis Boulenger, 1919
***Arthroleptis stenodactylus Pfeffer, 1893
***Arthroleptis sylvaticus (Laurent, 1954)
***Arthroleptis taeniatus Boulenger, 1906
***Arthroleptis tuberosus Andersson, 1905
***Arthroleptis variabilis Matschie, 1893
***Arthroleptis vercammeni (Laurent, 1954)
***Arthroleptis xenochirus Boulenger, 1905
***Arthroleptis xenodactyloides Hewitt, 1933
***Astylosternus batesi (Boulenger, 1900)
***Cardioglossa cyaneospila Laurent, 1950
***Cardioglossa escalerae Boulenger, 1903
***Cardioglossa gracilis Boulenger, 1900
***Cardioglossa leucomystax (Boulenger, 1903)
***Leptopelis aubryi (Duméril, 1856)
***Leptopelis bocagii (Günther, 1865)
***Leptopelis boulengeri (Werner, 1898)
***Leptopelis calcaratus (Boulenger, 1906)
***Leptopelis christyi (Boulenger, 1912)
***Leptopelis cynnamomeus (Bocage, 1893)
***Leptopelis fenestratus Laurent, 1972
***Leptopelis fiziensis Laurent, 1973
***Leptopelis karissimbensis Ahl, 1929
***Leptopelis kivuensis Ahl, 1929
***Leptopelis lebeaui (De Witte, 1933)
***Leptopelis millsoni (Boulenger, 1895)
***Leptopelis modestus (Werner, 1898)
***Leptopelis notatus (Peters, 1875)
***Leptopelis ocellatus (Mocquard, 1902)
***Leptopelis oryi Inger, 1968
***Leptopelis parbocagii Poynton and Broadley, 1987
***Leptopelis parvus Schmidt and Inger, 1959
***Leptopelis rufus Reichenow, 1874
***Leptopelis viridis (Günther, 1869)
***Leptopelis zebra Amiet, 2001
***Scotobleps gabonicus Boulenger, 1900
***Trichobatrachus robustus Boulenger, 1900

**Family Brevicipitidae - sometimes considered a subfamily, Brevicipitinae of the Microhylidae, see below; 2 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Breviceps mossambicus Peters, 1854
***Breviceps poweri Parker, 1934

**Family Bufonidae - True toads, 21 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Amietophrynus buchneri (Peters, 1882)
***Amietophrynus camerunensis (Parker, 1936)
***Amietophrynus fuliginatus (De Witte, 1932)
***Amietophrynus funereus (Bocage, 1866)
***Amietophrynus gracilipes (Boulenger, 1899)
***Amietophrynus gutturalis (Power, 1927)
***Amietophrynus kisoloensis (Loveridge, 1932)
***Amietophrynus latifrons (Boulenger, 1900)
***Amietophrynus lemairii (Boulenger, 1901)
***Amietophrynus maculatus (Hallowell, 1854)
***Amietophrynus regularis (Reuss, 1833)
***Amietophrynus steindachneri (Pfeffer, 1893)
***Amietophrynus superciliaris (Boulenger, 1888)
***Amietophrynus tuberosus (Günther, 1858)
***Laurentophryne parkeri (Laurent, 1950)
***Mertensophryne melanopleura (Schmidt and Inger, 1959)
***Mertensophryne schmidti Grandison, 1972
***Mertensophryne taitana (Peters, 1878)
***Nectophryne afra Buchholz and Peters in Peters, 1875
***Nectophryne batesii Boulenger, 1913
***Schismaderma carens (Smith, 1848)

**Family: Dicroglossidae, sometimes considered part of the family Ranidae, see below; 1 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Hoplobatrachus occipitalis (Günther, 1858)

**Family Hemisotidae - Shovelnose frogs, 5 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Hemisus guineensis Cope, 1865
***Hemisus marmoratus (Peters, 1854)
***Hemisus olivaceus Laurent, 1963
***Hemisus perreti Laurent, 1972
***Hemisus wittei Laurent, 1963

**Family Hyperoliidae - Sedge frogs or bush frogs, 81 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Acanthixalus spinosus (Buchholz and Peters in Peters, 1875)
***Afrixalus dorsalis (Peters, 1875)
***Afrixalus equatorialis (Laurent, 1941)
***Afrixalus fulvovittatus (Cope, 1861)
***Afrixalus laevis (Ahl, 1930)
***Afrixalus leucostictus Laurent, 1950
***Afrixalus orophilus (Laurent, 1947)
***Afrixalus osorioi (Ferreira, 1906)
***Afrixalus quadrivittatus (Werner, 1908)
***Afrixalus upembae (Laurent, 1941)
***Afrixalus weidholzi (Mertens, 1938)
***Afrixalus wittei (Laurent, 1941)
***Alexteroon hypsiphonus Amiet, 2000
***Callixalus pictus Laurent, 1950
***Chrysobatrachus cupreonitens Laurent, 1951
***Cryptothylax greshoffii (Schilthuis, 1889)
***Cryptothylax minutus Laurent, 1976
***Hyperolius adspersus Peters, 1877
***Hyperolius atrigularis Laurent, 1941
***Hyperolius balfouri (Werner, 1908)
***Hyperolius benguellensis Bocage, 1893
***Hyperolius bocagei Steindachner, 1867
***Hyperolius brachiofasciatus Ahl, 1931
***Hyperolius castaneus Ahl, 1931
***Hyperolius chrysogaster Laurent, 1950
***Hyperolius cinereus Monard, 1937
***Hyperolius cinnamomeoventris Bocage, 1866
***Hyperolius diaphanus Laurent, 1972
***Hyperolius discodactylus Ahl, 1931
***Hyperolius ferrugineus Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius frontalis Laurent, 1950
***Hyperolius ghesquieri Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius glandicolor Peters, 1878
***Hyperolius hutsebauti Laurent, 1956
***Hyperolius inornatus Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius kachalolae Schiøtz, 1975
***Hyperolius kibarae Laurent, 1957
***Hyperolius kivuensis Ahl, 1931
***Hyperolius kuligae Mertens, 1940
***Hyperolius langi Noble, 1924
***Hyperolius lateralis Laurent, 1940
***Hyperolius leleupi Laurent, 1951
***Hyperolius leucotaenius Laurent, 1950
***Hyperolius lucani Rochebrune, 1885
***Hyperolius maestus Rochebrune, 1885
***Hyperolius major Laurent, 1957
***Hyperolius marginatus Peters, 1854
***Hyperolius mariae Barbour and Loveridge, 1928
***Hyperolius nasicus Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius nasutus Günther, 1865
***Hyperolius obscurus Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius ocellatus Günther, 1858
***Hyperolius parallelus Günther, 1858
***Hyperolius phantasticus (Boulenger, 1899)
***Hyperolius platyceps (Boulenger, 1900)
***Hyperolius polli Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius polystictus Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius poweri Loveridge, 1938
***Hyperolius protchei Rochebrune, 1885
***Hyperolius pustulifer Laurent, 1940
***Hyperolius quinquevittatus Bocage, 1866
***Hyperolius raveni Ahl, 1931
***Hyperolius rhizophilus Rochebrune, 1885
***Hyperolius robustus Laurent, 1979
***Hyperolius sankuruensis Laurent, 1979
***Hyperolius schoutedeni Laurent, 1943
***Hyperolius steindachneri Bocage, 1866
***Hyperolius tuberculatus (Mocquard, 1897)
***Hyperolius vilhenai Laurent, 1964
***Hyperolius viridiflavus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
***Hyperolius viridis Schiøtz, 1975
***Hyperolius xenorhinus Laurent, 1972
***Kassina decorata (Angel, 1940)
***Kassina kuvangensis (Monard, 1937)
***Kassina maculosa (Sternfeld, 1917)
***Kassina mertensi Laurent, 1952
***Kassina senegalensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
***Kassinula wittei Laurent, 1940
***Opisthothylax immaculatus (Boulenger, 1903)
***Phlyctimantis leonardi (Boulenger, 1906)
***Phlyctimantis verrucosus (Boulenger, 1912)

**Family Microhylidae - Narrow-mouthed frogs, 3 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Phrynomantis affinis Boulenger, 1901
***Phrynomantis bifasciatus (Smith, 1847)
***Phrynomantis microps Peters, 1875

**Family: Petropedetidae, 1 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Conraua crassipes (Buchholz and Peters in Peters, 1875)

**Family Phrynobatrachidae - sometimes considered part of the family Ranidae, see below; 23 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Phrynobatrachus acutirostris Nieden, 1913
***Phrynobatrachus africanus (Hallowell, 1858)
***Phrynobatrachus albomarginatus De Witte, 1933
***Phrynobatrachus anotis Schmidt and Inger, 1959
***Phrynobatrachus asper Laurent, 1951
***Phrynobatrachus auritus Boulenger, 1900
***Phrynobatrachus bequaerti (Barbour and Loveridge, 1929)
***Phrynobatrachus congicus (Ahl, 1925)
***Phrynobatrachus cryptotis Schmidt and Inger, 1959
***Phrynobatrachus dalcqi Laurent, 1952
***Phrynobatrachus dendrobates (Boulenger, 1919)
***Phrynobatrachus gastoni Barbour and Loveridge, 1928
***Phrynobatrachus giorgii De Witte, 1921
***Phrynobatrachus graueri (Nieden, 1911)
***Phrynobatrachus mababiensis FitzSimons, 1932
***Phrynobatrachus natalensis (Smith, 1849)
***Phrynobatrachus parkeri De Witte, 1933
***Phrynobatrachus parvulus (Boulenger, 1905)
***Phrynobatrachus perpalmatus Boulenger, 1898
***Phrynobatrachus petropedetoides Ahl, 1924
***Phrynobatrachus rungwensis (Loveridge, 1932)
***Phrynobatrachus scapularis (De Witte, 1933)
***Phrynobatrachus versicolor Ahl, 1924

**Family Pipidae - Tongueless frogs or clawed frogs, 13 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Hymenochirus boettgeri (Tornier, 1896)
***Hymenochirus boulengeri De Witte, 1930
***Hymenochirus curtipes Noble, 1924
***Silurana epitropicalis (Fischberg, Colombelli, and Picard, 1982)
***Xenopus fraseri Boulenger, 1905
***Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802)
***Xenopus muelleri (Peters, 1844)
***Xenopus petersii Bocage, 1895
***Xenopus pygmaeus Loumont, 1986
***Xenopus ruwenzoriensis Tymowska and Fischberg, 1973
***Xenopus vestitus Laurent, 1972
***Xenopus victorianus Ahl, 1924
***Xenopus wittei Tinsley, Kobel, and Fischberg, 1979

**Family Ptychadenidae - sometimes considered part of the family Ranidae, see below; 28 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Hildebrandtia ornata (Peters, 1878)
***Ptychadena aequiplicata (Werner, 1898)
***Ptychadena anchietae (Bocage, 1868)
***Ptychadena ansorgii (Boulenger, 1905)
***Ptychadena bibroni (Hallowell, 1845)
***Ptychadena bunoderma (Boulenger, 1907)
***Ptychadena christyi (Boulenger, 1919)
***Ptychadena chrysogaster Laurent, 1954
***Ptychadena grandisonae Laurent, 1954
***Ptychadena guibei Laurent, 1954
***Ptychadena hylaea Schmidt and Inger, 1959
***Ptychadena ingeri Perret, 1991
***Ptychadena keilingi (Monard, 1937)
***Ptychadena mascareniensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
***Ptychadena obscura (Schmidt and Inger, 1959)
***Ptychadena oxyrhynchus (Smith, 1849)
***Ptychadena perplicata Laurent, 1964
***Ptychadena perreti Guibé and Lamotte, 1958
***Ptychadena porosissima (Steindachner, 1867)
***Ptychadena pumilio (Boulenger, 1920)
***Ptychadena schillukorum (Werner, 1908)
***Ptychadena straeleni (Inger, 1968)
***Ptychadena subpunctata (Bocage, 1866)
***Ptychadena taenioscelis Laurent, 1954
***Ptychadena tellinii (Peracca, 1904)
***Ptychadena trinodis (Boettger, 1881)
***Ptychadena upembae (Schmidt and Inger, 1959)
***Ptychadena uzungwensis (Loveridge, 1932)

**Family Pyxicephalidae - sometimes considered part of the family Ranidae, see below; 9 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
***Amietia amieti (Laurent, 1976)
***Amietia angolensis (Bocage, 1866)
***Amietia desaegeri (Laurent, 1972)
***Amietia ruwenzorica (Laurent, 1972)
***Amietia wittei (Angel, 1924)
***Aubria masako Ohler and Kazadi, 1990
***Cacosternum boettgeri (Boulenger, 1882)
***Cacosternum leleupi Laurent, 1950
***Tomopterna tuberculosa (Boulenger, 1882)

**Family Ranidae - True frogs, 5 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
***Hylarana albolabris (Hallowell, 1856)
***Hylarana darlingi (Boulenger, 1902)
***Hylarana galamensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
***Hylarana lemairei (De Witte, 1921)
***Hylarana lepus (Andersson, 1903)

**Family Rhacophoridae - Moss frogs, 2 species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
***Chiromantis rufescens (Günther, 1869)
***Chiromantis xerampelina Peters, 1854

Order Caudata - Salamanders

There are no salamanders in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, nor in tropical Africa.

Order Gymnophiona - Caecilian

Total 2 species the Democratic Republic of the Congo

**Family Caeciliidae - Common caecilians, 2 species:
***Geotrypetes seraphini (Duméril, 1859)
***Herpele squalostoma (Stutchbury, 1836)

ources, external links

Based on the following two sources:

1) Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.1 (10 October, 2007). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.

See: [http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html/ Amphibian Species of the World]

2) [http://www.amphibiaweb.org/ AmphibiaWeb]

ee also

* Amphibians
* List of amphibians


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