Chieti


Chieti
Chieti
—  Comune  —
Città di Chieti
Panorama of Chieti

Coat of arms
Chieti is located in Italy
Chieti
Location of Chieti in Italy
Coordinates: 42°21′N 14°10′E / 42.35°N 14.167°E / 42.35; 14.167
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Bascelli, Brecciarola, Buonconsiglio-Fontanella, Carabba, Cerratina, Chieti Scalo, Colle dell'ara, Colle Marcone, Crocifisso, De Laurentis Vallelunga, Filippone, Fonte Cruciani, Iachini, La Torre, Madonna del Freddo, Madonna della Vittoria, Madonna delle Piane, San Martino, San Salvatore, Santa Filomena, Selvaiezzi, Tricalle, Vacrone Cascini, Vacrone Colle San Paolo, Vacrone Villa Cisterna, Vallepara, Villa Obletter, Villa Reale
Government
 - Mayor Umberto Di Primio (PDL)
Area
 - Total 58.55 km2 (22.6 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,083 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 54,506
 - Density 930.9/km2 (2,411.1/sq mi)
Demonym Teatini or Chietini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66100, 66013
Dialing code 0871
Patron saint San Giustino of Chieti
Saint day May 11
Website Official website

Chieti [ˈkjeːti] ( listen) is a city and comune in Central Italy, 200 km northeast of Rome. It is the capital of the Province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region. Chieti lies on a crest along the Pescara River a few kilometres away from the Adriatic Sea, and with the Maiella and Gran Sasso mountains in the background.

Contents

History

As Theate Marrucinorum, Chieti was the chief town of the warlike Marrucini. According to Strabo, it was founded by the Arcadians as Tegeate.

After their defeat against the Romans, the Marrucini became their loyal allies and later their territory was placed under Roman municipal jurisdiction after the Social War. In imperial times Chieti reached up to 60,000 inhabitants but, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was destroyed by Visigoths and Heruli. Later it was seat of a gastaldate under the Lombard kings. After its destruction by Peppin, it became a fief of the Duchy of Benevento.

Chieti recovered some political and economic importance under the Norman rule of Southern Italy, a role it kept also under the Hohenstaufen, Angevine and Aragonese rules. After a cultural and architectonical flourishment during the 17th century, under the aegis of the Counter-Reformation, Chieti was again shattered by plague in 1656. In the 18th century it received several new academies and schools which further increased the city's artistical heritage. In 1806 Chieti was turned into a fortress by the French. It became part of the newly-created Kingdom of Italy in 1860.

During World War II, Chieti, as it was not bombed because it was declared an open city (like Rome), welcomed many refugees from the near towns and villages. Allied forces liberated the city on June 9, 1944, one day after the Germans left the city.

Main sights

The belltower of the Cathedral of Chieti.
  • The Gothic Cathedral, re-built by bishop Attone I in 1069. Of that building only parts of the Romanesque crypt remain. The church was remade in the 14th century when also the belltower was enlarged. After several earthquakes, the church was rebuilt again in the late 17th-18th centuries in Baroque style.
  • Oratory of Sacro Monte dei Morti
  • Church of San Francesco al Corso, founded in 1239. The façade shows an incomplete Baroque restoration.
  • Church of Santa Chiara.

Under the church of SS. Pietro e Paolo and the adjoining houses are extensive substructures (in opus reticulatum and brickwork) of the 1st century CE, belonging to a building erected by M. Vectius Marcellus (probably mentioned by Pliny, H.N., II., 199) and Helvidia Priscilla. There are also remains of large reservoirs and of an ancient theatre. New excavations are currently under way on the site of the former Campo Sportivo.

Museum

  • National Archaeological Museum of the Abruzzi "Villa Frigerii" - The rooms of the museum are dedicated to: Burial cults in pre-Roman Abruzzo / Italic sculpture / The Capestrano Warrior / The Pansa collection / The Sanctuary of Hercules Curinus at Sulmona / The Numismatic collection / Roman Iconography in Abruzzo.
  • Art Museum "Costantino Barbella"
  • Biomedical Science Museum (Paleopathology and Bioarchaeology)
  • Archaeological Museum "La Civitella"
  • Diocesan Theatine Museum

Education

The University of Chieti (Università G. d'Annunzio - Chieti e Pescara) is based in Chieti and Pescara and hosts about 35,000 students, covering areas of Architecture, Arts and Philosophy, Economics, Foreign Languages and Literatures, Management, Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology, Sciences, Social Sciences and Sports Medicine.

Climate

Climate data for Chieti, at the University
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
25.2
(77.4)
27.8
(82.0)
29.3
(84.7)
35.1
(95.2)
35.9
(96.6)
37.8
(100.0)
39.6
(103.3)
37.9
(100.2)
28.9
(84.0)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
13.1
(55.6)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
23.2
(73.8)
27.3
(81.1)
31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
25.6
(78.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.0
(62.6)
12.8
(55.0)
20.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
9.1
(48.4)
10.8
(51.4)
14.0
(57.2)
18.5
(65.3)
22.1
(71.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.8
(76.6)
20.6
(69.1)
15.6
(60.1)
12.9
(55.2)
8.5
(47.3)
15.8
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
5.2
(41.4)
6.5
(43.7)
9.8
(49.6)
13.9
(57.0)
17.0
(62.6)
20.4
(68.7)
19.3
(66.7)
15.7
(60.3)
11.4
(52.5)
8.9
(48.0)
4.2
(39.6)
11.4
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.8
(38.8)
6.3
(43.3)
10.0
(50.0)
14.4
(57.9)
13.2
(55.8)
9.1
(48.4)
3.1
(37.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 17.5
(0.689)
38.6
(1.52)
36.6
(1.441)
30.2
(1.189)
34.5
(1.358)
50.8
(2)
44.4
(1.748)
14.2
(0.559)
94.0
(3.701)
61.7
(2.429)
71.9
(2.831)
29.0
(1.142)
523.4
(20.606)
Avg. precipitation days 7 10 7 7 5 4 5 3 8 8 10 9 83
Source: Chieti Meteo[1]

Famous people

See also

References

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Chieti —   [ kjɛːti],    1) Hauptstadt der Provinz Chieti, Italien, am Fuß der Abruzzen, über dem Pescaratal, 56 000 Einwohner; katholischer Erzbischofssitz; Universität (1965 gegründet), archäologisches Museum; Bekleidungs und Papierindustrie, Radiatoren …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chieti — es una ciudad italiana, capital de la provincia de Chieti en la región de Abruzos. Cuenta con 57.535 habitantes denominados chietinos o teatinos. Situada en el valle del Pescara, frente al Gran Sasso d Italia. De origen griego, fue la capital de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chiēti — (spr. Kieti, sonst Teate), Hauptstadt der neapolitanischen Provinz Abruzzo citeriore; am Pescara, befestigt, Erzbischof, Criminal u. Civiltribunal, College, Geistliches Seminar, Hospital, Kathedrale; Woll u. Seidenspinnerei, Handel mit Wein,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chieti [1] — Chieti (spr. kjēti), ital. Provinz, auch Abruzzo citeriore genannt, grenzt im O. an das Adriatische Meer, im N. an die Provinz Teramo, im W. an Aquila, im S. an Campobasso, umfaßt 2947 qkm (53,5 QM.) mit (1901) 387,604 Einw. (131 auf 1 qkm) und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chieti [2] — Chieti, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), 330 m ü. M., auf einer Anhöhe über der Pescara, an der Eisenbahn Castellammare Adriatico Rom gelegen, hat eine imposante Kathedrale (1070 erbaut, 1595 erneuert, mit einer Krypte),… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chieti — Chiēti (spr. ki ), Hauptstadt der mittelital. Prov. C. (2947 qkm, 1904: 375.300 E.; Abruzzi e Molise), stark befestigt, (1901) 26.368 E.; Überreste aus den Zeiten der Römer (Teate) und Normannen (Zitadelle). Hier stiftete 1524 Paul IV. den Orden… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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