North Yorkshire Moors Railway


North Yorkshire Moors Railway
North Yorkshire Moors Railway
A4s 20080404 NYMR 040a.jpg
Three LNER Class A4 locomotives at Grosmont loco shed.
Locale North Yorkshire
Terminus Whitby and Pickering
Connections Network Rail (at Grosmont)
Commercial operations
Name North Eastern Railway
Built by George Stephenson
Original gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Preserved operations
Operated by North Yorkshire Moors Railway Enterprises Plc
Stations 6
Length 18 miles (29 km)
Preserved gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Commercial history
Opened 1836
Closed 1965
Preservation history
1967 NYMR Preservation Society formed
1973 NYMR reopened
Website
www.nymr.co.uk

The North Yorkshire Moors Railway (NYMR) is a heritage railway in North Yorkshire, England. First opened in 1836 as the Whitby and Pickering Railway, the railway was planned in 1831 by George Stephenson as a means of opening up trade routes inland from the then important seaport of Whitby. The line closed in 1965. It was reopened in 1973 by the North York Moors Historical Railway Trust Ltd. The preserved line is now a significant tourist attraction and has been awarded many industry accolades.

Contents

Overview

The NYMR carries more passengers than any other heritage railway in the UK and may be the busiest steam heritage line in the world, carrying around 350,000 passengers in 2009.[1][Full citation needed] The 18-mile (29 km) [2] railway is the second-longest standard gauge heritage line in the United Kingdom[3] and runs across the North York Moors from Pickering via Levisham, Newton Dale, Goathland and terminating at Grosmont. Some heritage rail operations continue along Network Rail tracks to Whitby. The railway is formed from the middle section of the former Whitby, Pickering and Malton line which was closed in 1965 as part of the Beeching cuts. The NYMR is owned by the North York Moors Historical Railway Trust Ltd (a Charitable Trust and Accredited Museum) and is operated by its wholly owned subsidiary North Yorkshire Moors Railway Enterprises Plc. It is mostly operated and staffed by volunteers.

Trains run every day from the beginning of April to the end of October and on weekends and selected holidays during the winter (with no service from 24-27 December). Trains are mostly steam-hauled; however in some cases heritage diesel is used. At the height of the running timetable, trains depart hourly from each station. As well as the normal passenger running, there are dining services on some evenings and weekends. The extension of steam operated services to the seaside town of Whitby have proved extremely popular.

On 26 October 2009 the railway launched NYMR TV on its website and on youtube, produced by two local journalists David Dunning and Wendy Homewood. NYMR TV provides exclusive footage and interviews reflecting life on and around the line and is updated every month.

History

[v · d · e]North Yorkshire Moors Railway
Head station Water
Whitby
Unknown BSicon "exCONTr" Unknown BSicon "eABZrf" Water
Bog Hall Junction
Unknown BSicon "exCONTr" Unknown BSicon "eKRZa" Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKEr" Unknown BSicon "exCONTl"
Larpool Viaduct - over River Esk
Unknown BSicon "xpHST" Water
Ruswarp
Level crossing Water
Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Water Unknown BSicon "xpHST"
Sleights
Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Water Junction to left Track turning from right
Water Right side of cross-platform interchange Left side of cross-platform interchange
Grosmont
Continuation to left Unknown BSicon "WBRÜCKE2q" Track turning right Level crossing
- - Esk Valley Line
Water straight and to right Transverse water Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning right Enter and exit tunnel Water
Grosmont Tunnel
Unknown BSicon "exSTRrg" Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" Unknown BSicon "eABZrf" Water
Deviation Junction
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Esk Valley Viaduct - Over Murk Esk
Water turning from left Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKE2" Water turning right Straight track
Water turning left Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKE2" Water turning from right Straight track
Water turning from left Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKE2" Water turning right Straight track
Water straight and to right Unknown BSicon "exWBRÜCKE2" Transverse water Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Water turning right Unknown BSicon "exHST" Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Beckhole
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
"Bridge 30" - over Eller Beck
Unknown BSicon "exBHF" Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Goathland (Old)
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water Station on track
Goathland (New)
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water turning from left Small arched bridge over water Water turning right
Unknown BSicon "exSTR" Water turning left Small arched bridge over water Water turning from right
Unknown BSicon "exSTRlf" Unknown BSicon "exSTRq" Unknown BSicon "eABZlg" Water turning left
Moorgates
Stop on track
Newton Dale Halt
Level crossing
Station on track
Levisham
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Farwath
Level crossing
New Bridge
Level crossing
High Mill
Unknown BSicon "KBHFxe"
Pickering
Unknown BSicon "exBUE"
Bridge Street
Unknown BSicon "exBUE"
Mill Lane
Unknown BSicon "exCONTr" Unknown BSicon "exABZdf" Unknown BSicon "exCONTl"
Gilling-Pickering Line, Forge Valley Line
Unknown BSicon "exCONTf"
Y&NMR to Rillington

The North Yorkshire Moors Railway was first opened in 1836 as the Whitby and Pickering Railway. The railway was planned in 1831 by George Stephenson as a means of opening up trade routes inland from the then important seaport of Whitby. The initial railway was designed and built to be used by horse-drawn carriages. Construction was carried out by navvies and coordinated by top engineers. Their three main achievements were cutting a 120 yard tunnel through rock at Grosmont, constructing a rope-worked incline system at Beck Hole and traversing the marshy and deep Fen Bog using a bed of timber and sheep fleeces. The tunnel is believed to be one of the oldest railway tunnels in the world. In its first year of operation, the railway carried 10,000 tons of stone from Grosmont to Whitby, as well as 6,000 passengers, who paid a fare of 1 shilling to sit on the roof of a coach, or 1 shilling and 3 pence to sit inside. It took two and a half hours to travel from Whitby to Pickering.

In 1845, the railway was acquired by the York and North Midland Railway who re-engineered the line to allow the use of steam locomotives. They also constructed the permanent stations and other structures along the line which still remain today. The Beck Hole Incline was re-equipped with a steam powered stationary engine and iron rope. They also added the line south from Pickering so that the line had a connection to York and London. In 1854 the York and North Midland Railway became part of the North Eastern Railway. Steam locomotives could not operate on the Beck Hole incline; so in the early 1860s the North Eastern Railway started construction of an alternate route which opened in 1865 – this is the route which is still in use today. The original route is now a 3.5-mile (5.6 km) rail trail named the Historic Rail Trail.[citation needed]

In 1923 the North Eastern Railway was absorbed into the London and North Eastern Railway as a result of the Railways Act 1921. In 1948 nationalisation meant that British Railways took control. During this time, little changed on the line. However, in his controversial report, Dr Beeching declared that the Whitby-Pickering line was uneconomic and listed it for closure, which took place in 1965.

In 1967, the NYMR Preservation Society was formed, and negotiations began for the purchase of the line. After running various Open Weekends and Steam Galas during the early 1970s (by permission of British Railways) the NYMRPS transformed itself into a Charitable Trust (to ensure the future of the railway) and became The North York Moors Historical Railway Trust Ltd. Purchase of the line was completed and the necessary Light Railway Order obtained, giving powers to operate the railway. The railway was able to reopen for running in 1973 as the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, with much of the traction provided by the North Eastern Locomotive Preservation Group.

The preserved line is now a significant tourist attraction and has been awarded many industry accolades.

Stations

BR 76079 arrives in Goathland station
  • Pickering railway station is the current terminus of the railway and serves the busy market town of Pickering. The station has been restored to its 1937 condition with help from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Original fixtures and fittings have been installed in the Booking Office and Parcels Office, as well as in the Tea Room. A park-and-ride service is provided to keep traffic out of the town during busy periods. The station is home to the railway's carriage workshops, and there is also a turntable. Originally the station had an overall roof designed by the architect G.T. Andrews. This roof was removed by British Railways in 1952 due to corrosion. A replacement roof was fitted to the station between January - April 2011, as part of the NYMR's Train of Thought project[4]. Other work includes a Learning Centre and a Visitor Centre behind the down platform. Originally, the line continued south of Pickering to join the Malton to Scarborough line at Rillington Junction but this track has since been lifted.[when?]
  • Farwath railway station was a small railway halt located between both Pickering and Levisham, however the halt is currently closed and demolished.
  • Levisham railway station is a small countryside station set in the scenic Newton Dale valley. The location of the station is notable, as it is nearly two miles from the village which it serves, and whose name it takes. The area is ideal for walking and a wide variety of wildlife and flowers can be found within a short distance of the station. Levisham Station has been renovated and preserved to represent a small NER country station, circa 1912. The station has a traditional camping coach, which is let for holidays. Since 2007 the North Yorkshire Moors Railway’s Artist in Residence Christopher Ware can be seen at work in an open studio at the station which is open every day when trains are running, and often when they are not (see the website).
  • Newton Dale Halt is a remote walkers' request stop. There are excellent walks and beautiful scenery within easy reach.
  • Goathland railway station is another typical countryside station, almost unchanged since its construction in 1865. The station has been restored to represent an NER country station post World War 1 circa 1922. The station is popular with tourists due to its appearances in Yorkshire TV's Heartbeat and the first of the Harry Potter films (see below). The station has a newly refurbished Tea Room which is inside a Goods Warehouse. The station also has a traditional camping coach, which is let for holidays.
  • Grosmont railway station was the railway's permanent northern terminus until 2007, when trains began operating into Whitby on a regular basis. The locomotive sheds are situated here, just south of the tunnel through which trains run en-route for Goathland and beyond. The station itself has been restored to the British Railways style circa 1952. It has full facilities including a shop, café serving cooked meals, toilets including disabled, a ticket office and a waiting room. The shed area has facilities to provide water and coal for the engines, as well as stabling. The 'running shed' is usually open to public access at one end, where stationary engines can be viewed. These are usually either operational but not in service that day, or undergoing light repair work. Also open to the public is the 'deviation shed' which houses locomotives and stock owned by NELPG as well as a small display about the history of the organisation. A number of other sheds not available for public access are used for the maintenance and overhaul of the engines. At Grosmont, the line connects with the Network Rail operated Esk Valley Line, where passengers may change trains to travel to the coast at Whitby, or inland to Middlesbrough and the rest of the national network. Thus, platform one of the station is served by Northern Rail services, whilst platforms two, three and four are used by the NYMR.
  • Whitby railway station is, on many operating days, the railway's northern terminus. All but two of the various timetables see steam trains operating through from Pickering, including daily throughout July and August except on Sundays. When NYMR trains terminate at Grosmont rather than Whitby at off-peak times, connecting trains with Northern Rail are usually available at Grosmont, allowing passengers to begin their journey at Whitby and board a steam engine at Grosmont through to Goathland or Pickering. Limited facilities are available at Whitby station itself, and to run around its train all passengers must be detrained and the locomotive must propell (push) the coaching stock out of the station into a siding with a run round loop by the old engine shed, then run round before propelling the stock back into the station with the locomotive at the Grosmont end of the train, ready to depart.

Locomotives

Steam locomotives

Number & Name Locomotive Notes Whitby Compatible (Main Line Certified) Livery Operational
80135 BR 2-6-4T Class 4MT Stripping of the loco has begun, with slow progress being made. The boiler was lifted during summer 2009. Welding of copper plates for the new firebox have been done. Work will begin in earnest when the Bridge & Wheels appeal nears £1 million. Prior to expiry of its boiler ticket the locomotive was certified to work Battersby-Grosmont-Whitby services. BR Green NO
92214 Cock o' the North. BR 2-10-0 Class 9F Operational. Recently purchased by a NYMR volunteer driver[5]. No BR Black YES
30926 Repton SR 4-4-0 Schools Class In store awaiting overhaul. Formerly Whitby to Battersby Only BR Green NO
29 Lambton Collieries 0-6-2T Undergoing overhaul. Major boiler repairs are being undertaken, including the fitting of a new steel firebox. No Apple Green NO
75029 The Green Knight BR 4-6-0 Class 4MT Undergoing intermediate overhaul, at the end of which it is intended that a new 10 year operating 'ticket' will be awarded. Parts of the boiler barrel and the outer backhead are being replaced. Expected back in service by 2011. This locomotive was mainlined between Whitby & Battersby only to cover Esk Valley Line running. Boiler successfully completed its hydraulic test in early August.

Expected back into service 2012.

YES BR Green NO
76079 BR 2-6-0 Class 4MT Withdrawn early due to cracked cylinder. Now awaiting intermediate overhaul.

Loco now in store awaiting cylinder fabrication to become complete. Out of service for approx 30 months.

YES BR Black NO
3814 GWR 2-8-0 2884 Class Restoration currently halted after many years of slow progress by its owner.[citation needed] No None NO
44767 George Stephenson LMS 4-6-0 Class 5MT Operational. Now at the NYMR after arrival in February 2011. This locomotive was mainlined between Whitby & Battersby only to cover Esk Valley Line running. YES BR Black YES
45428 Eric Treacy LMS 4-6-0 Class 5MT Returned to service in 2010 after a lengthy overhaul. Operational and proving a reliable performer. This locomotive was mainlined between Whitby & Battersby only to cover Esk Valley Line running. YES BR Black YES
63395 NER 0-8-0 Class T2/Class Q6 Operational. Owned by NELPG. No BR Black YES
69023 Joem NER J72 Class J72 Operational. Should be at the Moors for both steam galas in 2011.

On loan to another preserved line.

No BR Apple Green YES
30825 SR 4-6-0 Class S15 Operational. Several parts of the locomotive are from sister engine, S15 number 30841. Previously certified for Whitby-Battersby running but since firebox repairs in June-July 2010, restricted to regular NYMR services. SR Green YES
60007 Sir Nigel Gresley LNER 4-6-2 Class A4 Re-entered service in 2006. Has a cracked firebox at the moment is due to return to steam October 2011 at the earliest. Although mainlined this locomotive is not permitted between Grosmont and Whitby due to its high axle weight exceeding the bridges maximum load on this route and that some curves are to tight and damage the wheels. YES BR Express Blue NO
30830 (830) SR 4-6-0 Class S15 Undergoing restoration with a view to swapping the boiler onto 825 when that locomotive's certificate runs out in 2013 so that it can be fast-tracked back into service. However as a condition of sale will make sure it will be eventually restored as 830. No N/A NO
30841 (841) Greene King SR 4-6-0 Class S15 Original frames found to be out of line. Many of the locomotive's components can be found in use on 30825 (825). Greene King 30841 (841) is now essentially scrapped. No BR Green NO
34101 Hartland SR 4-6-2 West Country Class Undergoing overhaul. Components for the boiler are mostly in hand and work will start in earnest after completion of 75029. Due back into service in 2013. No BR Green NO
3672 Dame Vera Lynn WD Austerity 2-10-0 In store at Grosmont awaiting heavy overhaul, having been the railway's workhorse throughout much of the 1990s. No WD Green NO
5 Lambton Collieries 0-6-2T Awaiting overhaul. No N C B Black NO
2253 USA 2-8-0 Class S160 At Grosmont in store. Has been offered for sale for some time now; the proceeds of which will offset some of the cost of the purchase by the railway of 76079. No Black NO

Diesel locomotives and shunters

Number & Name Locomotive Notes Whitby Compatible (Main Line Certified) Livery Operational
DSRM No 1 Ron Rothwell DSRM 0-4-0 No Green YES
DSRM No 2 DSRM 0-4-0 Awaiting repairs. No Green NO
No 2 BR 0-4-0 88D Awaiting repairs. No NO
D2207 Class 04 Awaiting repairs. This locomotive has been taken to Grosmont MPD away from Pickering C+W for repairs / overhaul. No BR Black NO
08550 Class 08 Operational. Currently based at Pickering C+W covering for the unavailability of D2207. No BR Blue YES
08556 Class 08 Operational. No BR Green YES
12139 Neil D Barker Class 11 No BR Black YES
D5032 Helen Turner Class 24 Undergoing overhaul. No BR Green NO
D5061 Class 24 Operational. Currently based at Pickering & Newbridge for scheduled diesel services on the NYMR's red timetable. YES BR Green YES
D7628 Sybilla Class 25 Operational – NWR and RESCO Main Line certified for use between Whitby & Battersby. YES BR Green YES
50027 Lion Class 50 Still under repair. Fault with turbo, burning excessive oil. Turbo Seals Damaged No Network SouthEast NO
37264 Class 37 Currently operational. This loco is now based here providing backup and assistance when required. No BR "Large Logo" Blue YES
101680 Class 101 This locomotive is currently running as a 3 car set and is made up of 51511 + 59539 + 53204 No BR Green YES

Visiting locomotives

Number and name Locomotive Notes Whitby Compatible (Main Line certified) Livery Operational
49395 LNWR G Class This locomotive has been loaned from the National Railway Museum. Currently having repairs on piston valve packings. No  ? YES
7822 "Foxcote Manor" GWR 7800 Class Currently on loan from the Llangollen Railway to cover wat the Autum Steam Gala. No GWR YES
31128 Charybdis BR Class 31 Currently providing backup support as a Whitby Thunderbird. This locomotive gets its name from the Greek myth involving charybdis. The locomotive used to be owned by Fragonset, who named many of their locomotives after Greek mythology. YES BR Blue YES

Future

The possibility of reopening the 'missing section' between Rillington Junction (on the York – Malton – Scarborough line) and Pickering has often been discussed. This might allow the running of steam services from York to Whitby again (or even Scarborough to Whitby, if the short lived curve towards Scarborough were reinstated too). To achieve this would require considerable engineering work, not least in getting out of Pickering where a new road and several houses have been built on the track bed.

Reinstating this missing rail link was adopted as a policy objective by the North Yorkshire County Council some years ago; the NYMHRT board agreed to support this policy in principle, whilst having reservations about its implementation.

A more detailed discussion of this topic, with some of the possible advantages and disadvantages from the NYMR point of view can be found in the North Yorkshire Moors Railway Conservation Management Plan (available from the NYMR).

Bridge & Wheels Appeal

In March 2009, the railway announced that one of its bridges near Goathland needed to be repaired/replaced over the winter of late-2009/early-2010, otherwise the railway would be forced to close. The railway therefore launched an appeal to raise £1 million to cover the costs of the bridge work with any excess raised going towards the restoration of locomotive 80135. The money was raised in time, and the bridge was replaced over the winter-Christmas/new year period of late-2009/early-2010, with the first trains crossing over the new bridge in late March 2010.

Special events

The NYMR runs several special events through the year, usually revolving around a particular theme.

War-Time Weekend
  • Steam and Diesel Galas are weekend events (sometimes extended to Friday and/or Monday) popular with heritage railway enthusiasts. On these days, a full timetabled service is run alongside extra trains, such as local shuttle services and demonstration freight trains. The LNER Gala in April 2008 (which featured all three of the UK's operational Gresley A4 pacifics) attracted over 12,000 visitors from across the globe.
  • The War-Time Weekend is a demonstration of the operation of railways in the UK during the Second World War. The stations are decorated to appear as they would in war time: sandbags are used around entrances, windows are taped up and station names are covered. Many period re-enactors attend in military or civilian costume to add to the authenticity. Periodic entertainment takes place, and there are events such as mock air-raids. Usually a period dance and a military parade will take place; also a wreath is laid in memory of those railwaymen who have died in service as a result of war.
  • Santa Special trains are run in the Christmas period, complete with Elves, Santa's Grotto, presents and mince pies. The winter scenery of the North Yorkshire Moors adds to the charm of these events.

Other special events include a Vintage Vehicle Weekend, Music on the Moors and a Wizard Weekend.

TV and film appearances

The railway has been seen both on television and in film. The station at Goathland has been used as both Hogsmeade Station in the Harry Potter films, and Aidensfield in the popular sixties drama Heartbeat. Pickering Station was used in the film Possession and Keeping Mum. Other appearances include Casualty, Brideshead Revisited, All Creatures Great and Small, The Royal, Poirot and Sherlock Holmes television series. The railway has also featured in the documentary Yorkshire Steam which ran for two series on local television and in the second series of Great British Railway Journeys.

Awards

  • 1990 Ian Allan Railway Heritage Awards, Commendation for the wooden Waiting Room / Booking Office, re-located from Sleights to the extended down platform at Grosmont.
  • 1995 Visitor Attraction of the Year (Yorkshire and Humberside Tourist Board)
  • 1999 National Railway Heritage Awards, Railway World category, Commendation for the renovation, almost amounting to rebuilding, of Levisham waiting and ladies room, including the provision of a completely new ‘period’ interior with in-style ladies toilets
  • 2000 National Railway Heritage Awards, Ian Allan Publishing Award, for the renovation of the Goods Shed and the coal and lime cells at Goathland in 1999, including the conversion of the Goods Shed into a café using restored open wagons to provide seating.
  • 2001 National Railway Heritage Awards, Westinghouse Signalling Award, for the new signal box at Grosmont built to an 1870’s design.
  • 2006 National Railway Heritage Award, for the provision of staff, public and disabled toilet facilities adjacent to Goathland Goods Shed in a converted goods van; thus providing these essential facilities in a manner that blended in with their surroundings.
  • 2007 Best Visitor Attraction of 2007 (in the '50,000 visitors and over’ category), awarded by the Yorkshire Moors & Coast Tourism Partnership – a consortium of tourism expertise from across the districts of Hambleton, Ryedale and Scarborough. 'what really impressed the judges was the consistently high standard of customer service which was in evidence when his Members carried out ‘mystery shopping’ visits during the year'.[6]
  • 2007 Large Railway of the Year, awarded by members of the Heritage Railway Association, the umbrella body for over 250 heritage railways and museums from across the United Kingdom. 'The association praised NYMR for the way in which it successfully pioneered the operation of regular steam-hauled services on Network Rail’s Esk Valley route between Grosmont and Whitby, using volunteer crews. The judges also acknowledged the contribution (in excess of £15,000) made by the Railway following the holding of a Gala in support of the Severn Valley Railway following their devastating flood damage, especially as the NYMR also suffered from flooding but not to the same degree'.[6]
  • 2009 Best Visitor Attraction of 2009 (in the '50,000 visitors and over’ category), awarded by the Yorkshire Moors & Coast Tourism Partnership – a consortium of tourism expertise from across the districts of Hambleton, Ryedale and Scarborough. This award was jointly won by the NYMR and Eden Camp.[7]
  • 2010 Marketing Campaign of the Year awarded by Visit York.[8]

Gallery

North Yorkshire Moors Railway and surrounding lines  
LMS 45407 leaving Whitby on the Esk Valley section of the NYMR  
LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0 5407  
ex-NER Class T2 at Grosmont station (2008)  
Goathland station (2003)  
ex-British Rail Class 25 with train (2004)  

References

  1. ^ NYMRHT Report and Accounts 2009
  2. ^ "North Yorkshire Moors Railway - About Us". North Yorkshire Moors Railway website. http://www.nymr.co.uk/information/about-us/. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  3. ^ The NYMR proper is 18 miles long (although a proportion of trains operate a further 6 miles over Network Rail tracks to Whitby), at 22.75 miles long the West Somerset Railway claims the title of the UK's longest Heritage Railway
  4. ^ http://www.thetrainofthought.co.uk/
  5. ^ http://www.nymr.co.uk/2010/08/9f-steam-locomotive-bought-by-grosmont-based-firm-talks-begin-on-keeping-92214-on-the-north-yorkshire-moors-railway/
  6. ^ a b NYMR Press Release, 21 November 2007, giving details of 2007 awards.
  7. ^ announced on NYMR web site, 27 November 2007.
  8. ^ "Visit York’s Annual Tourism Awards – Winners Announced". Visit York. 23 April 2010. http://www.visityork.org/media/news/releases/NR-Tourismawardswinners2010-apr10.aspx. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 

External links

Station Sites


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