Uppland Runic Inscription 328


Uppland Runic Inscription 328

Runefacts|name=Uppland Runic Inscription 328
rundataid=U 328
country=Sweden
region=Uppland
city=Stora Lundby
produced=11th Century
artist=Ulf of Borresta
text_native=Old Norse : See article.|text_english= See article.|picture=|

The Uppland Runic Inscription 328 stands on a hill in a paddock at the farm Stora Lundby, in Uppland, Sweden. The runestone is one of several runestones that have permitted scholars to trace family relations among some powerful Viking clans in Sweden during the 11th century.

It is an example of the Ringerike style,Fuglesang, S.H. "Swedish runestones of the eleventh century: ornament and dating", Runeninschriften als Quellen interdisziplinärer Forschung (K.Düwel ed.). Göttingen 1998, pp. 197-218. p. 202] and it is categorized as style Pr1. The runestone was raised by two women named Gyrið and Guðlaug in memory of the master of the homestead whose name was Andsvarr and in memory of their father whose name was engraved as unif. These runes are interpreted as "Ónæm", the accusative case of "Ónæmr", a name which means "slow learner". A man having this rare name, Ónæmr, is also mentioned on two nearby runestones, U 112 and U 336, and so the three runestones are held to refer to the same person.

The other runestones tell of the family of the two women, their father and the runemaster who made it. The runemaster Ulf of Borresta declared on U 336 that he was Ónæmr's paternal nephew, and consequently he was Gyrið and Guðlaug's first cousin. Ulf is notable in himself since the runestone U 344 declares that Ulf had taken three danegelds in England. The first one was with Skagul Toste in 991, the second one with Thorkel the High in 1012 and the last one with Canute the Great in 1018.Pritsak, Omeljan. (1981). "The origin of Rus". Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. ISBN: 0-674-64465-4 p. 389] Pritsak, Omeljan. (1981). "The origin of Rus"'. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. ISBN: 0-674-64465-4 p. 392] Enoksen, Lars Magnar. (1998). "Runor : historia, tydning, tolkning". Historiska Media, Falun. ISBN 91-88930-32-7 p. 125] Jansson, Sven B. (1980). "Runstenar". STF, Stockholm. ISBN: 91-7156-015-7 p.36] Enoksen, Lars Magnar. (1998). "Runor : historia, tydning, tolkning". Historiska Media, Falun. ISBN 91-88930-32-7 p.122]

The runestone U 112 informs that a maternal nephew of Ónæmr was Ragnvaldr who was the commander of the Varangian Guard in Constantinople. Ragnvaldr had the runestone U 112 made in memory of himself and his mother, Ónæmr's daughter.Pritsak, Omeljan. (1981). "The origin of Rus". Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. ISBN: 0-674-64465-4 p. 389]

Ónæmr's daughter Guðlaug appears to have had the son Holmi who fell in Italy which is mentioned on the runestone U 133.Pritsak, Omeljan. (1981). "The origin of Rus"'. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. ISBN: 0-674-64465-4 p. 392] It is likely that Holmi fell in battle as a member of the Varangian Guard in southern Italy.

Andsvarr (an allomorph of "Özurr" and "Assur"), in memory of whom the runestone also was raised, may be the same man as the housecarl who is mentioned on the runestone U 330.Pritsak, Omeljan. (1981). "The origin of Rus". Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute. ISBN: 0-674-64465-4 p. 391-392]

Inscription

;Latin transliterationkuriþ * uk * kuþluk * þaR * litu * risa * stin * þina iftiR unif * faþur * sin * uk * iftiR * onsur * bunta * sin * raþ| |þisi;Old Norse transcription"Gyrið ok Guðlaug þaR letu ræisa stæin þenna æftiR Onæm(?), faður sinn, ok æftiR Ansur, bonda sinn. Rað þessi!"

;English translationGyríðr and Guðlaug, they had this stone raised in memory of Ónæmr(?), their father and in memory of Andsvarr, their husbandman. Interpret these! [Entry U 328 in Rundata.]

Notes and references


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uppland Runic Inscription 489 —     Runestone Name Uppland Runic Inscription 489 …   Wikipedia

  • Greece Runestones — The Greece Runestones comprise around 30 runestones containing information related to voyages made by Scandinavians to Greece , which refers to the Byzantine Empire (ON.: Grikkland , Grikk(i)aR ), during the Viking Age and until the early 12th… …   Wikipedia

  • Orkesta Runestones — Coordinates: 59°36′N 18°07′E / 59.6°N 18.117°E / 59.6; 18.117 …   Wikipedia

  • Snottsta and Vreta stones — The Snottsta and Vreta stones are individual runestones known as U 329, U 330, U 331 and U 332. They are found on the homesteads of Snottsta (also spelled Snåttsta) and Vreta, and they tell in Old Norse with the younger futhark about the family… …   Wikipedia

  • Italy Runestones — Main article: Varangian Runestones The Italy Runestones are three or four Varangian Runestones from 11th century Sweden that talk of warriors who died in Langbarðaland ( Land of the Lombards ), the Old Norse name for Italy. On these rune stones… …   Wikipedia

  • Ragnvald Ingvarsson — Ragnvaldr was a captain of the Varangian Guard in the first half of the 11th century. He may appear on several runestones, some of which suggest that he was the son of an Ingvar connecting him to the Jarlabanke clan.In Ed there are two runic… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.