List of Singapore reptiles


List of Singapore reptiles

There are about 108 species of reptiles in Singapore. Most of them are small or rarely seen. But there are a few which are large or prominent. The largest reptiles which can be found in Singapore are the Estuarine Crocodile and the Reticulated Python. The ones most commonly seen in urban areas are the house geckos (typically called house lizard by the lay-person) and the Changeable Lizard. The introduced Changeable Lizard has pushed the local Green Crested Lizard into forested areas.

In gardens and parks, one can often see Common Sun Skinks, the introduced Red-eared Sliders and Changeable Lizards.

Water Monitors are common in rivers and mangrove. One other monitor that can be found in Singapore is the Clouded Monitor, which is a forest species. It is smaller than the Malayan Water Monitor, has slit nostrils and is paler in colour. In 2008, the Dumeril's Monitor was rediscovered in the swamp forest of Singapore. This goes to show that there can still be surprises in the forests of Singapore.

Black Spitting Cobras can still be found in urban areas of Singapore. The bigger King Cobra is much rarer. The closely related Banded Krait sometimes show up as road kills. There are also 2 coral snake and 9 sea snake species.

List of reptiles

Order Crocodylia (Crocodilians)

Family Crocodylidae (Crocodiles)

*Estuarine Crocodile ("Crocodylus porosus") - Sungei Buloh

Order Testudines (Turtles, Tortoises, Terrapins)

Family Cheloniidae (Sea Turtles)

*Green Turtle ("Chelonia mydas")
*Hawksbill Turtle ("Eretmochelys imbricata")

Family Dermochelyidae (Leatherback Turtle)

*Leatherback Turtle ("Dermochelys coriacea") - Vagrant

Family Trionychidae (Softshell Turtles)

*Malayan Softshell Turtle ("Amyda cartilaginea")
*Forest Softshell Turtle ("Dogania subplana")
*Asian Giant Softshell Turtle ("Pelochelys cantorii") - Indeterminate
*Chinese Softshell Turtle ("Pelodiscus sinensis") - Introduced

Family Geoemydidae (Asian Terrapins)

*Painted Terrapin ("Callagur borneoensis") - Indeterminate
*Malayan Box Terrapin ("Cuora amboinensis")
*Asian Leaf Terrapin ("Cyclemys dentata")
*Spiny Terrapin ("Heosemys spinosa")
*Malayan Flat-shelled Terrapin ("Notochelys platynota")
*Malayan Giant Terrapin ("Orlitia borneensis") - Status unknown
*Black Marsh Terrapin ("Siebenrockiella crassicollis") - Introduced?

Family Emydidae (American Terrapins)

*Red-eared Slider ("Trachemys scripta elegans") - Introduced

Order Squamata (Lizards and Snakes)

Family Gekkonidae (Geckos)

*Fox-faced Gecko ("Aeluroscalabotes felinus")
*Kendall's Rock Gecko ("Cnemaspis kendallii")
*Frilly Gecko ("Cosymbotes craspedotus")
*Flat-tailed Gecko ("Cosymbotes platyurus")
*Peter's Forest Gecko ("Cyrtodactylus consobrinus")
*Marbled Forest Gecko ("Cyrtodactylus quadrivirgatus")
*Four-clawed Gecko ("Gehyra mutilata")
*Tokay Gecko ("Gekko gecko")
*Spotted House Gecko ("Gekko monarchus")
*Large Forest Gecko ("Gekko smithii")
*Brooke's House Gecko ("Hemidactylus brookii") - Indeterminate
*Common House Gecko ("Hemidactylus frenatus")
*Indo-Pacific Gecko ("Hemidactylus garnotii") - Indeterminate
*Dwarf Gecko ("Hemiphyllodactylus typus")
*Mourning Gecko ("Lepidodactylus lugubris")
*Brown's Flap-legged Gecko ("Luperosaurus browni") - Pulau Tekong
*Horsfield's Flying Gecko ("Ptychozoon horsfieldii") - Indeterminate
*Kuhl's Flying Gecko ("Ptychozoon kuhli")

Family Agamidae (Agamids)

*Earless Agamid ("Aphaniotis fusca")
*Green Crested Lizard ("Bronchocela cristatella")
*Changeable Lizard ("Calotes versicolor") - Introduced
*Fimbriate Flying Lizard ("Draco fimbriatus") - Indeterminate
*Spotted Flying Lizard ("Draco maculatus") - Indeterminate
*Black-beard Flying Lizard ("Draco melanopogon")
*Five-banded Flying Lizard ("Draco quinquefasciatus")
*Common Gliding Lizard ("Draco sumatranus")

Family Scincidae (Skinks)

*Olive Tree Skink ("Dasia olivacea")
*Brown Tree Skink ("Dasia grisea")
*Mangrove Skink ("Emoia atrocostata")
*Common Sun Skink ("Eutropis multifasciata")
*Striped Sun Skink ("Eutropis rugifera")
*Striped Tree Skink ("Lipinia vittigera")
*Garden Supple Skink ("Lygosoma bowringii")

Family Varanidae (Monitor Lizards)

*Clouded Monitor ("Varanus bengalensis nebulosus") - Forests
*Dumeril's Monitor ("Varanus dumerili") - Swamp forests
*Malayan Water Monitor ("Varanus salvator") - Rivers, mangroves, coasts

Family Typhlopidae (Blind Snakes)

*Brahminy Blind Snake ("Ramphotyphlops braminus")
*Striped Blind Snake ("Ramphotyphlops lineatus"] - Indeterminate
*White-belled Blind Snake ("Typhlops muelleri")

Family Cylindrophiidae (Asian Pipe Snakes)

*Red-tailed Pipe Snake ("Cylindrophis ruffus")

Family Xenopeltidae (Sunbeam Snakes)

*Sunbeam Snake ("Xenopeltis unicolor")

Family Pythonidae (Pythons)

*Malaysian Blood Python ("Python brongersmai") - Extinct
*Reticulated Python ("Python reticulatus")

Family Acrochordidae (File Snakes)

*Banded File Snake ("Acrochordus granulatus")

Family Colubridae (Colubrids)

*Speckle-headed Whip Snake ("Ahaetulla fasciolata")
*Malayan Whip Snake ("Ahaetula mycterizans")
*Oriental Whip Snake ("Ahaetulla prasina")
*Dog-toothed Cat Snake ("Boiga cynodon")
*Mangrove Snake ("Boiga dendrophila")
*White-spotted Cat Snake ("Boiga drapiezii") - Indeterminate
*Jasper Cat Snake ("Boiga jaspidea")
*Red-bellied Reed Snake ("Calamaria albiventer") - Indeterminate
*Gimlett's Reed Snake ("Calamaria gimletti") - Indeterminate
*Variable Reed Snake ("Calamaria lumbricoidea")
*Pink-headed Reed Snake ("Calamaria schlegeli")
*Paradise Tree Snake ("Chrysopelea paradisi")
*Twin-barred Tree Snake ("Chrysopelea pelias")
*Common Malayan Racer ("Coelognathus flavolineatus")
*Copperhead Racer ("Coelognathus radiatus") - Indeterminate
*Striped Bronzeback ("Dendrelaphis caudolineatus")
*Blue Bronzeback ("Dendrelaphis cyanochloris") - Unverified
*Elegant Bronzeback ("Dendrelaphis formosus")
*Red-necked Bronzeback ("Dendrelaphis kopsteini")
*Painted Bronzeback ("Dendrelaphis pictus")
*Malayan Bridle Snake ("Dryocalamus subannulatus")
*Keel-bellied Whip Snake ("Dryophiops rubescens")
*Orange-bellied Ringneck ("Gongylosoma baliodeira")
*Rainbow Tree Snake ("Gonyophis margaritatus") - Indeterminate
*Red-tailed Racer ("Gonyosoma oxycephalum")
*Tricoloured Ringneck ("Liopeltis tricolor")
*House Wolf Snake ("Lycodon capucinus")
*Banded Wolf Snake ("Lycodon subcinctus")
*Brown Kukri Snake ("Oligodon purpurascens")
*Striped Kukri Snake ("Oligodon octolineatus")
*Barred Kukri Snake ("Oligodon signatus")
*Striped Racer ("Orthriophis taeniurus") - Indeterminate
*Dwarf Reed Snake ("Pseudorabdion longiceps")
*Keeled Rat Snake ("Ptyas carinata")
*White-bellied Rat Snake ("Ptyas fusca")
*Indochinese Rat Snake ("Ptyas korros")
*Banded Rat Snake ("Ptyas mucosa") - Indeterminate
*Black-head Collared Snake ("Sibynophis melanocephalus")
*Malaysian Brown Snake ("Xenelaphis hexagonotus")


=Family Homalopsidae (Mud Snakes)=

*Keel-bellied Water Snake ("Bitia hydroides") - Indeterminate
*Cantor's Water Snake ("Cantoria violacea")
*Dog-faced Water Snake ("Cerberus rynchops")
*Rainbow Water Snake ("Enhydris enhydris")
*Crab-eating Water Snake ("Fordonia leucobalia")
*Yellow-lipped Water Snake ("Gerarda prevostiana")
*Puff-faced Water Snake ("Homalopsis buccata")


=Family Natricidae (Keelbacks and Mock Vipers)=

*Peter's Keelback ("Amphiesma petersii") - Indeterminate
*Blue-necked Keelback ("Macropisthodon rhodomelas")
*Painted Mock Viper ("Psammodynastes pictus")
*Red-necked Keelback ("Rhabdophis subminiatus") - Indeterminate
*Southern Chequered Keelback ("Xenochrophis flavipunctatus") - Introduced?
*Spotted Keelback ("Xenochrophis maculatus")
*Triangle Keelback ("Xenochrophis trianguligerus")
*Striped Keelback ("Xenochrophis vittatus") - Introduced


=Family Pareatidae (Slug-eating Snakes)=

*White-spotted Slug Snake ("Pareas margaritophorus") - Introduced

Family Elapidae (Cobras, Coral Snakes, Kraits, Sea Snakes)

*Malayan Krait ("Bungarus candidus") - Indeterminate
*Banded Krait ("Bungarus fasciatus")
*Blue Malayan Coral Snake ("Calliophis bivirgatus")
*Spotted Malayan Coral Snake ("Calliophis gracilis") - Indeterminate
*Banded Malayan Coral Snake ("Calliophis intestinalis")
*Equatorial Spitting Cobra ("Naja sumatrana")
*King Cobra ("Ophiophagus hannah")
*Yellow-lipped Sea Krait ("Laticauda colubrina")
*Horned Sea Snake ("Acalyptophis peronii")
*Marbled Sea Snake ("Aipysurus eydouxii")
*Stoke's Sea Snake ("Astrotia stokesii")
*Beaked Sea Snake ("Enhydrina schistosa")
*Blue-banded Sea Snake ("Hydrophis cyanocinctus")
*Striped Sea Snake ("Hydrophis fasciatus")
*Kloss' Sea Snake ("Hydrophis klossi")
*Short Sea Snake ("Lapemis curtus")
*Small-headed Sea Snake ("Microcephalophis gracilis") *Yellow-bellied Sea Snake ("Pelamis platurus")


=Family Viperidae (Vipers)=

*Mangrove Pit-viper ("Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus")
*Hagen's Pit-viper ("Parias hageni") - Indeterminate
*Wagler's Pit-viper ("Tropidolaemus wagleri")

ee Also

*List of Singapore mammals
*List of birds of Singapore
*List of Singapore amphibians

External links

*http://www.wildsingapore.per.sg/discovery/animalaz.htm
*http://www.ecologyasia.com/html-menu/eco-focus.htm
*http://www.iucnredlist.org/
*http://www.nbrcnparks.org/pdf/Bio_List_Reptiles.pdf
*http://data.gbif.org/welcome.htm


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